Archive for month: September, 2014

Toy Safety Standards

아래는 세계 각국가별 Toy Safety Standards 목록입니다.  Down Load : toy safety standards

국가 구분

제       목

국제 표준

ISO 8124-1 : 2012
안전 완구 – 제 1 부 : 안전 측면
기계 및 물리적 특성에 관련

ISO 8124-2 : 2007
안전 완구 – 제 2 부 : 가연성

ISO 8124-3 : 2010
특정 요소의 마이그레이션

ISO 8124-4 : 2010
그네, 슬라이드 및 이와 유사한 활동 장난감
실내 및 실외 가족 가정용

IEC 62115 : 2003
전동 완구 안전

아르헨티나

MERCOSUR 해상도 N 23/04 – 장난감 안전에 관한 기술 기준 :

NM 300.1 : 2002 안전 장난감의 제 1 부 : 일반, 기계 및 물리적 특성

NM 300-1 : 2002 개정 1 개정 자석이 포함 된 장난감 직결 된 보호 팁 발사체 장난감 w / O를 저장된 에너지

NM 300-2 : 2002 안전 장난감의 제 2 부 : 가연성

NM 300-3 : 장난감 2002 안전 제 3 부 : 특정 요소의 마이그레이션

NM 300-4 : 2002 안전 장난감의 제 4 부 : 화학 및 관련 활동에 대한 실험 세트

NM 300-5 : 2002 화학 완구 (세트) 실험 세트 이외의

NM-300-6 : 2002 안전 장난감의 6 부 : 전기 장난감의 보안

 호주

IEC 62115 : 2003 – 전동 완구안전

AS / NZS ISO 8124.1 : 2010
장난감 파트 1의 안전 : 관련 안전 측면
기계적, 물리적 특성 (ISO 8124.1 :. 2,009 MOD)

AS / NZS의 ISO 8124이 2009
의 안전 완구 – 제 2 부 : 가연성

AS / NZS ISO 8124.3 : 2012
특정 요소의 안전 장난감 마이그레이션 (ISO 8124-3 : 2010, MOD)

8124.4 AS : 2003
화학 및 관련 활동을위한 장난감 – 실험 세트의 안전

8124.5 AS : 2003
안전 장난감 – 화학 완구 (세트) 실험 세트 이외의

AS / NZS ISO 8124.6 : 2011
실내 및 실외 가족 가정용 그네, 슬라이드 및 이와 유사한 활동 장난감 : 장난감 – 6 부 안전

2003 : 8124.7 AS
- 요구 사항 및 시험 방법 장난감 손가락 페인트의 안전

2008 : / NZS 8124.9 AS
장난감 – 9 부 안전 : 유기 화학 화합물  equirements

AS / NZS 8124.10 : 2008
장난감 파트 10의 안전 : 유기 화학 화합물  충분한 준비와 추출

AS / NZS 8124.11 : 2008
안전 장난감 파트 11 : 유기 화학 화합물  분석방법

AS / NZS 62115 : 2008
전동 완구 안전

브라질

MERCOSUR 해상도 N 23/04 – 장난감 안전에 관한 기술 기준 :

NM 300.1 : 2002 안전 장난감의 제 1 부 : 일반, 기계 및 물리적 특성

NM 300-1 : 2002 개정 1 개정 자석이 포함 된 장난감 직결 된 보호 팁 발사체 장난감 w / O를 저장된 에너지

NM 300-2 : 2002 안전 장난감의 제 2 부 : 가연성

NM 300-3 : 장난감 2002 안전 제 3 부 : 특정 요소의 마이그레이션

NM 300-4 : 2002 안전 장난감의 제 4 부 : 화학 및 관련 활동에 대한 실험 세트

NM 300-5 : 2002 화학 완구 (세트) 실험 세트 이외의

NM-300-6 : 2002 안전 장난감의 6 부 : 전기 장난감의 보안

캐나다

캐나다 소비자 제품 안전법 (CCPSA)

살이 포동 포동하게 찐 박제 기사 – 기술 안전 기준

유해 제품 법 – 캐나다 보건부 (Health Canada) 관할

유해 제품 (완구) 규정 CRC, 다. 931

유해 제품 (젖꼭지) 규정 : “노브 좋아요”젖꼭지 정책

유해 제품 법에 따라 유해 제품 (젖꼭지)의 광고, 판매 및 수입을 존중 규정

완구에 대한 안전 요구 사항에 대한 가이드

장난감 : 나이 Classificiation 가이드 라인

소비자 포장 및 라벨링 법 – 캐나다 산업

중국

ISO 8124-1 : 2012
의 안전 완구 – 제 1 부 : 기계적 및 물리적 특성에 관련 안전 측면

GB 9832-2007
안전 및 봉제, 봉제 및 직물 장난감의 품질

GB 5296.5-96
라벨링 및 장난감에 대한 지침

GB 6675-2003
장난감을위한 국가 안전 기술 코드

GB / T 27708-2011 (국가 자발적 표준) 팽창 장난감의 일반 기술 요구 사항

GB / T 27730-2011 (국가 자발적 표준) 완구가스 크로마토 그래피질량 분석 방법 C에서 다이 메틸 푸마 레이트의 결정.

GB / T 28495-2012 (국가 자발적 표준) 대나무와 나무 장난감에 대한 일반 기술 요구 사항

GB 28482-2012 (국가 필수 표준) 아기와 어린이를위한 깨물고 노는 장난감의 안전 요구 사항

대만

중국어 국가 표준 CNS 4797, 4798 장난감 안전 표준

CNS 십사년에서 플라스틱 장난감 15,138 프탈레이트 유모차와 유모차를위한 중국어 국가 표준 CNS 12940 장난감 제품 라벨링 기준

유럽​​ 연합 (EU)

EN 71-1는 : 기계 및 물리적 특성에 대한 2011 사양

EN 71-2 : 2011 + A1 : 2007
인화성

EN 71-3
특정 요소의 마이그레이션
(2013년 5월 개정)

EN 71-4
실험은 화학 및 관련 활동에 대한 설정
(2013년 2월)

EN 71-5
실험 세트 이외의 화학 완구 (세트)
(2013년 5월 개정)

EN 71-8 : 2011 – 8 부
가정용 활동 장난감

EN 71-12
N-니트로 소아 민과 N-nitrosatiable 물질 (2013에서 새로운 표준)

유럽 ​​표준
2003 (수정) + A1 : EN 62115 : 2005 – 전기 완구 – 안전 IEC 62115 2004

EN 62115 : 2005 / A11 : 2012 / AC : 2013

EN 62115 : 2005 / A2 : 2011 / AC : 2011

이사회 지침 (357분의 87 / EEC)
위험 모조품 지침

위원회 지침 (93 / 68 / EEC)는
CE 마킹 적합성의 부착 및 사용에 대한 규칙

이사회 지침 (48분의 2,009 / EC) 장난감 안전 지침의
참고 :  새로운 지침 20 2009 발효 20 2011 1 모든 회원국에 법적 문서가됩니다.

제품의 마케팅 의사 결정 2,008분의 768

규정 1907/2006 REACH
(화학 물질의 등록, 평가 및 허가)

분류, 표시 및 물질 및 혼합물의 포장에 규정 1272 (CLP)

지침 65분의 2,011 RoHS 준수
(전기 전자 제품 내 특정 유해 물질의 사용 제한)

지침 19분의 2,012 WEEE
(폐 전기 전자 제품)

화장품에 대한 규제 2,009분의 1,223

지침 2008 폐기물에 / 98 / EC

포장 및 포장 폐기물에 62분의 94 / EC

지시어를 87/357 / EEC, 그들보다 다른 것으로 나타나, 소비자의 건강이나 안전을 위태롭게 제품에 관한

소재와하는 조항에 규정 1935/2004은 식품과 접촉하는

식품과 접촉하는 플라스틱 재료 및 기사에 규정 10/2011

1999 / 5 / EC
라디오 – 텔레 터미널 장비 (R & TTE)

지침 2004 / 108 / EC
전자기 호환성 (EMC)

지침 66분의 2,006 / EC
배터리

지침 2006 / 95 / EC
낮은 전압

아랍 국가의 걸프 협력회의 (Gulf Cooperation Council)

적합성 평가 규정 N. BD07070502

추가 기준을 참조

홍콩

장난감과 (ASTM F963, ICTI 또는 EN-71 준수) 어린 이용 제품 안전 규정

자메이카

JS 90 : 1983
자메이카 표준 규격 장난감의 장난감의 안전을 위한

JS 일 : 제 9 부 : 1993 상품의 라벨. 9 부 : 장난감과 놀이 도구의 표시

일본

———————
특별주의 사항 : 프탈레이트 요구 사항-23 2011 8

일본 식품 위생법 (JFSL) – 제 4

일본 장난감 안전 표준, ST2012

제 1 부 – 기계 및 물리적 특성 (ISO 8124-1에 맞춰 개정)
제 2 부 – 인화성 (ISO 8124-2에 맞춰 개정)
제 3 부 – 화학적 특성

말레이시아

MS ISO 8124-1 – 2001 완구의 안전성 – 제 1 부 : 기계적 및 물리적 특성에 관한 안전 측면

MS ISO 8124-2 : 장난감의 1999 안전 – 제 2 부 : 가연성

MS ISO 8124-3 – 2002 완구의 안전성 – 제 3 부 : 특정 요소의 마이그레이션

MS 1774 제 4 부 1998 완구의 안전성 – 제 4 부 : 화학 및 관련 활동에 대한 실험 세트

MS 1774 제 5 부 1998 완구의 안전성 – 제 5 부 : experminetal 세트 이외의 화학 완구 (세트)

MS 1774 6 부 1998 완구의 안전성 – 제 6 부 : 연령 경고 표시를위한 그래픽 기호

MS 1725 – 전기 장난감 2004 안전

멕시코

NOM-252-SSA1-2011 (게재 5 월 15, 2012)
장난감 안전 및 상업 정보 – 장난감 및 학교 물질 안전. 페인트와 염료와 기사에 사용 된 금속의 생체 이용률에 대한 제한. 화학 규격 및 시험 방법.

NOM-015-SCFI-2007
장난감에 대한 라벨링

뉴질랜드

AS / NZS ISO는 8124.1 : 2002은
안전 장난감 – 기계 및 물리적 특성에 관한 안전 측면 (Amdt 1,2  통합)

AS / NZS ISO 8124.2 : 2009
완구의 안전성 – 난연성

AS / NZS ISO 8124.3 : 2003
완구의 안전성 – certin 요소의 마이그레이션

유기 화학 화합물 – - 요구 사항 2008 완구의 안전 : / NZS 8124.9 AS

AS / NZS 8124.10 : 2008 완구의 안전성 – 유기 화학 화합물 – 샘플 준비 및 추출

AS / NZS 8124.11 : 2008 안전 장난감의 – 유기 Checmical 화합물 – 분석 방법

AS 장난감 / NZS ISO 8124 안전 설정

사우디 아라비아

SSA 765-1994
놀이터 장비 부 : 일반 안전 요구 사항 SSA 1063년부터 1994년까지 장난감과 일반 안전 요구 사항 SSA 1064-1995 테스트 부품의 방법 1 : 기계 및 화학 시험 SSA 1065년에서 1995년까지 테스트 장난감 제 2의 방법 : 가연성 SSA를 1322- 1997 저전력 무선 주파수 장치

싱가포르

 

장난감 안전 기준의 경우, ISO 8124 및 표준 또는 기타 관련 해외 표준 EN 71 시리즈를 직접 참조하시기 바랍니다.

남아프리카 공화국

SANS 8124-1 : 2009 / ISO 8124-1 : 2009
완구의 안전성 – 제 1 부 : 기계적 및 물리적 특성에 관련 안전 측면 2008 / ISO 8124-2 : (SABS ISO 8124-2) SANS 8124-2 인화성 SANS 8124 -3 : 1997 / ISO 8124-3 : 1997 (SABS ISO 8124-3) 특정 요소의 마이그레이션

태국

장난감 TIS 685-2540에 대한 타이어 공업 규격 일반 요구 사항 (1997) : 제 1 부 강제 STND. (1999 년 월 발효 일 5) 2 부 : 패키지 및 라벨링 (1997) 제 3 부 : 시험 및 분석의 방법 (1997)

미국

연방 규정 코드,이를 위해 상용 사례 16 부 1000 (16CFR)

제목 15 -Commerce 및 대외 무역 장 XI – 기술 관리, 상업 부 1150 -학과 장난감의 마킹, 모조 총기

딸랑이 미국 소비자 제품 안전위원회 엔지니어링 테스트 매뉴얼

젖꼭지 미국 소비자 제품 안전위원회 엔지니어링 테스트 매뉴얼

미술 재료 만성 위험을 제시 미국 소비자 제품 안전위원회 라벨링 요구 사항 (LHAMA)

미국의 어린이 안전 보호에 관한 법률, 질식 사고보고에 대한 작은 부품 위험 경고 규칙 및 규칙

연령 결정 지침 : 장난감 특성에 어린이의 연령 관련된 및 (2002 년 9 월) 문제를 재생

장난감 안전에 ASTM F963-11 표준 소비자 안전 사양

ASTM의 F963-2011의 관련 요구 사항에 CPSC 지침

ASTM의 F834-84 (94분의 89) 장난감 가슴에 대한 표준 소비자 안전 사양

홈 놀이터 장비에 대한 ASTM F1148-09 표준 소비자 안전 사양

ASTM F1313-90 (2005) 젖꼭지에 고무 젖꼭지의 휘발성 N-니트로사민의 수준에 대한 표준 규격

세발 자전거에 대한 ANSI Z315.1-2012 미국 국가 표준 – 안전 요구 사항

ANSI / UL 696, 아홉 번째 에디션 표준 안전 전기 완구

MIL-STD-461 미군사규격 시험

23 Sep 2014 Comments
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MIL-STD-461F TESTING

Emission and Susceptibility Requirements

Requirement

Description

CE101 Conducted Emissions, Power Leads. 30 Hz to 10 kHz
CE102 Conducted Emissions, Power Leads, 10 kHz to 10 MHz
CE106 Conducted Emissions, Antenna Terminal, 10 kHz to 40 GHz
CS101 Conducted Susceptibility, Power Leads, 30 Hz to 150 kHz
CS103 Conducted Susceptibility, Antenna Port, Intermodulation, 15 kHz to 10 GHz
CS104 Conducted Susceptibility, Antenna Port, Rejection or Undesired Signals, 30 Hz to 20 GHz
CS105 Conducted Susceptibility, Antenna Port, Cross-Modulation, 30 Hz to 20 GHz
CS109 Conducted Susceptibility, Structure Current, 60 Hz to 100 kHz
CS114 Conducted Susceptibility, Bulk Cable Injection, 10 kHz to 200 MHz
CS115 Conducted Susceptibility, Bulk Cable Injection, Impulse Excitation
CS116 Conducted Susceptibility, Damped Sinusoidal Transients, Cable and Power Leads, 10 kHz to 100 MHz
RE101 Radiated Emissions, Magnetic Field, 30 Hz to 100 kHz
RE102 Radiated Emissions, Electric Field, 10 kHz to 18 GHz
RE103 Radiated Emissions, Antenna Spurious and Harmonic Outputs, 10 kHz to 40 GHz
RS101 Radiated Susceptibility, Magnetic Field, 30 Hz to 100 kHz
RS103 Radiated Susceptibility, Electric Field, 2 MHz to 40 GHz
RS105 Radiated Susceptibility, Transient Electromagnetic Field

Communication Certification Laboratory can perform MIL-STD 461 E testing on many different products that require compliance to the MIL-STD 461 E standard. Most devices that are used by each branch of the armed services require MIL-STD 461 E testing. Depending on the product or component and which branch of the armed services the device or component is being sold to, will depend on what is required from the MIL-STD 461 E standard. Not all tests are required for each device, component or application. The MIL-STD 461 E standard has a test matrix that identifies the applicable testing needed.

Requirement Matrix

Equipment and Subsystems Installed In, On, or Launched From the Following Platforms or Installations

C
E
1
0
1

C
E
1
0
2

C
E
1
0
6

C
S
1
0
1

C
S
1
0
3

C
S
1
0
4

C
S
1
0
5

C
S
1
0
9

C
S
1
1
4

C
S
1
1
5

C
S
1
1
6

R
E
1
0
1

R
E
1
0
2

R
E
1
0
3

R
S
1
0
1

R
S
1
0
3

R
S
1
0
5

Surface Ships A L A S S S A L A A A L A A L
Submarines A A L A S S S L A L A A A L A A L
Aircraft, Army, Including Flight Line A A L A S S S A A A A A L A A L
Aircraft, Navy L A L A S S S A A A L A L L A L
Aircraft, Air Force A L A S S S A A A A L A
Space Systems, Including Launch Vehicles A L A S S S A A A A L A
Ground, Army A L A S S S A A A A L L A
Ground, Navy A L A S S S A A A A L A A L
Ground, Air Force A L A S S S A A A A L A
Legend: A Applicable
L Limited as specified in the individual sections of MIL-STD 461 E Standard
S Procuring activity must specify in procurement documentation

 

MIL-STD-810G

08 Sep 2014 Comments
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미 군사규격 무료열람    환경시험관련 대표규격 : MIL-STD-810G (영문판 Download )

 

개요 사항 : 

TitleEnvironmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests

ScopeThis Standard contains materiel acquisition ….

.Document StatusActive

Doc Date15-APR-2014

FSC/AreaENVR

Dist StmtSee below

Doc CategoryMilitary Standard – Test Method Standard

러시아 화재안전요건 기술규격 FL-123- FZ

04 Sep 2014 Comments
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아래 내용은 화재 안전 요건 에 대한 러시아 연방 법규 123FZ 기술 규정을 영문으로  번역한 내용입니다.

Federal Law 123-FZ Technical regulations for fire safety requirements

Federal Law of 22 July 2008 N 123-FZ

Technical regulations for fire safety requirements

Adopted by the State Duma on July 4, 2008

Federation Council approved July 11, 2008

 

Section I. General principles of fire safetyChapter

1: General Provisions

Article1 Purpose and scope of the technical regulations

Article2: Basic Concepts

Article3: The legal basis of technical regulations in the field of fire safety

Article4 Technical regulation in the field of fire safety

Article5: Fire safety protection facilities

Article6 Conditions of conformity of the object of protection requirements for fire safetyChapter

2: Classification of fires and fire hazards

Article7 The classification of fires and fire hazards

Article 8: Classification of fires

Article 9 of fire hazards

Chapter 3: Indicators and classification pozharovzryvoopasnosti and fire hazards of substances and materials

Article 10 The purpose of the classification of substances and materials for fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

Article 11: Indicators of fire and explosion hazard and fire risk substances and materials

Article 12 Classification of substances and materials (with the exception of construction, textile and leather materials) for fire hazard

Article 13 Classification of construction, textile and leather materials for fire danger

Chapter 4: Indicators of fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard classification and technological environments for fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

Article 14 The classification of technological media on fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

Article 15: Indicators of fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard technological environments

Article 16 Classification of technological media on fire and explosion hazard

Chapter 5: Classification of fire or explosion hazard zones

Article 17 The classification

Article 18 Classification of fire zones

Article 19 Classification of hazardous areas

Chapter 6: Classification of electrical equipment for fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

Article 20 The classification

Article 21 Classification of electrical equipment for fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

Article 22 Classification of Flameproof Electrical

Article 23 Classification of explosion-proof electrical

Chapter 7: Classification of outdoor facilities for fire danger

Article 24 The purpose of the classification of outdoor facilities for fire danger

Article 25 Definition of categories of outdoor facilities for fire danger

Chapter 8: Classification of buildings, structures and premises for fire and explosion hazards

Article 26 The purpose of the classification of buildings , structures, buildings and facilities for fire and explosion hazards

Article 27 Determination of categories of buildings, structures and premises for fire and explosion hazards

Chapter 9: Fire-technical classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments

Article 28 The classification

Article 29: Fire-technical classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments

Article 30 Classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments, the fire resistance

Article 31 Classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments, structural fire hazard

Article 32 Classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments, functional fire hazard

Article 33 Classification of building fire stations

Chapter 10: Fire-technical classification of structures and fire barriers

Article 34 The classification

Article 35 Classification of structures on fire

Article 36 Classification of structures on fire danger

Article 37 Classification of fire barriers

Chapter 11: Fire-technical classification of stairs and stairwells

Article 38 The classification

Article 39 Classification of stairs

Article 40 Classification of staircases

Chapter 12 Classification of fire fighting equipment

Article 41 The classification

Article 42 Classification of fire fighting equipment

Article 43 Classification and scope of primary fire extinguishing equipment

Article 44 Classification of mobile fire fighting equipment

Article 45 Classification of fire-extinguishing

Article 46 Classification of means of fire automatics

Article 47 Classification of personal protective equipment and rescue people in case of fire

Chapter 13: Fire prevention system

Article 48 The purpose of fire prevention systems

Article 49 Methods of exception conditions for the formation of combustible environment

Article 50 Methods of exception conditions for the formation of a combustible environment (or make it) ignition sources

Chapter 14: Fire protection systems

Article 51 The purpose of the fire protection systems

Article 52 Ways to protect people and property from the effects of fire hazards

Article 53 Means of escape in case of fire

Article 54: Fire detection, warning and evacuation in case of fire

Article 55 of the collective defense and personal protection of people from hazards of fire

Article 56 The system of smoke protection

Article 57: Fire and fire hazard buildings and structures

Article 58: Fire and fire hazard of building structures

Article 59 Limitation of fire spreading beyond the focal

Article 60 The primary means of fire in buildings, structures and buildings

Article 61: Automatic fire-extinguishing

Article 62 The sources of fire water supply

Article 63 The primary fire safety measures

Article 64 Requirements for fire safety declaration

Section II. Fire safety requirements for the design, construction and operation of settlements and urban districts

Chapter 15: Fire safety requirements when urban development activities

Article 65 Requirements for documentation in the planning areas of settlements and urban districts

Article 66 pozharovzryvoopasnyh Accommodation facilities in the territory of settlements and urban districts

Article 67: Walkways, driveways and entrances to buildings, facilities and buildings

Article 68: Fire water settlements and urban districts

Chapter 16: Requirements for fire protection distances between buildings, structures and buildings

Article 69: Fire safety distance between the buildings, structures and buildings

Article 70: Fire safety distance from buildings and structures warehouses of oil and petroleum products to neighboring facilities to protect them

Article 71: Fire safety distance from buildings and structures adjacent to gas stations with them objects to be protected

Article 72: Fire safety distance from the garage and outdoor parking lots adjacent to them objects to be protected

Article 73: Fire safety distance from the tanks of liquefied petroleum gas to buildings and structures

Article 74: Fire safety distance from gas pipelines, oil pipelines, oil pipelines, condensate to nearby objects to be protected

Article 75: Fire safety distance within gardens, cottage and household plots

Chapter 17, General requirements for fire safety for settlements and urban districts to deploy fire departments

Article 76: Fire safety requirements for the placement of fire protection units in the settlements and urban districts

Article 77: Fire safety requirements for fire station

Section III. Fire safety requirements for the design, construction and operation of buildings and structures

Chapter 18: General requirements for fire safety in the design, construction and operation of buildings and structures

Article 78 Requirements for the project documentation for construction projects

Article 79 The standard value of fire risk to buildings and structures

Article 80: Fire safety requirements for the design, renovation and change of the functional purpose of buildings and structures

Chapter 19: Requirements for the composition and functional characteristics of systems for fire safety of buildings and structures

Article 81 Requirements for the functional characteristics of systems for fire safety of buildings and structures

Article 82: Fire safety requirements for electrical installations of buildings, structures and buildings

Article 83: Requirements for automatic fire extinguishing systems and fire alarm systems

Article 84: Fire safety requirements for systems of fire warning and evacuation of buildings, structures and buildings

Article 85 Requirements to smoke protection of buildings and structures

Article 86 Requirements for Inland fire water supply

Article 87 Requirements for fire resistance and fire hazard buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments

Article 88: Requirements for limiting the spread of fire in buildings, structures, buildings, fire compartments

Article 89: Fire safety requirements for escape routes, evacuation and emergency exits

Article 90: Support for the operation of fire units

Article 91 Facilities for buildings, structures and buildings equipped with warning systems and evacuation in case of fire, automatic fire alarm and (or) fire-fighting

Section IV. Fire safety requirements for industrial facilities

Chapter 20, General requirements for fire safety for production facilities

Article 92 Documentation Requirements for facilities

Article 93 The characteristic values ​​of the fire risk to industrial facilities

Chapter 21 Procedure for fire hazard analysis and calculation of a production facility fire risk

Article 94: The sequence of fire risk assessment of the manufacturing facility

Article 95: Fire hazard analysis of production facilities

Article 96 Assessment of fire risk at a facility

Chapter 22: Requirements for the placement of fire stations, roads, entrance (exit) and travel, water sources on the production site

Article 97: Placement of fire stations on the production site

Article 98 Requirements for roads, entry (exit) and travel on the production site

Article 99: Applicable requirements for fire water supply production facility

Article 100 Requirements to limit the spread of fire at the production facility

Section V. Fire safety requirements for fire engineering

Chapter 23: General requirements

Article 101 Requirements for Fire Engineering

Article 102 Requirements for fire extinguishers

Article 103 Requirements for automatic fire alarm

Article 104 Requirements for automatic fire-extinguishing

Chapter 24 Requirements for fighting primary means

Article 105 Requirements for fire extinguishers

Article 106 Requirements for fire hydrants

Article 107 Requirements for fire boxes

Chapter 25: Requirements for the mobile fire fighting

Article 108 Requirements for fire vehicles

Article 109 Requirements for fire aircraft, trains and ships

Article 110 Requirements for fire motor pumps

Chapter 26 Requirements for automatic fire-extinguishing

Article 111 Requirements for automatic installation of water and foam fire extinguishing

Article 112 Requirements for automatic gas fire extinguishing systems

Article 113 Requirements to automated powder fire

Article 114 Requirements to automated aerosol fire extinguishing

Article 115 Requirements for automatic sprinkler installations combined

Article 116 Requirements for robotic fire-fighting units

Article 117 Requirements to automated fire containment

Chapter 27 requirements for personal protective equipment firefighters and citizens in case of fire

Article 118 Requirements for PPE fire

Article 119 Requirements for personal protective equipment and respiratory of fire

Article 120 Requirements for special protective clothing firefighters

Article 121 Requirements to protection of hands, feet and head

Article 122 Requirements for Drugs samospasaniya fire

Article 123 Requirements for personal protective equipment and rescue people in case of fire

Chapter 28: Requirements for fire tools and additional equipment fire

Article 124 Requirements for fire tools

Article 125 Requirements for additional fire-fighters

Chapter 29 requirements for fire equipment

Article 126 General requirements for fire equipment

Article 127 General requirements for fire hydrants and columns

Article 128. Requirements for fire hoses and coupling heads

Article 129 Requirements for fire trunks, foam generators and penosmesitelyam

Article 130 Requirements for firefighters and fire lodgement a bag a bag ramifications

Article 131 Requirements for firefighters and fire hydroelevators Strainer

Article 132 Requirements for manual fire escapes

Section VI. Fire safety requirements for products of general purpose

Chapter 30 Fire safety requirements for substances and materials

Article 133 Fire Safety Requirements for information about the fire hazard of substances and materials

Article 134 Fire safety requirements for the use of construction materials in buildings, structures and buildings

Article 135: Fire safety requirements for the use of textile and leather materials to information about their fire danger

Article 136 Requirements for information about the fire safety fire protection facilities

Chapter 31 Fire safety requirements for building structures and engineering equipment of buildings and structures

Article 137 Fire safety requirements for building structures

Article 138 Fire safety requirements for the construction and equipment of ventilation systems, air conditioning systems and smoke protection

Article 139: Fire safety requirements for the construction and equipment of waste disposal systems

Article 140 Fire safety requirements for lifts

Chapter 32 Fire safety requirements for electrical products

Article 141 Requirements for information about the fire hazard of electrotechnical products

Article 142 Fire safety requirements for electrical products

Article 143 Fire safety requirements for electrical equipment

Section VII. Conformity assessment of protection objects (products) requirements for fire safety

Chapter 33 Evaluation of conformity protection objects (products) requirements for fire safety

Article 144 Forms of conformity assessment of protection objects (products) requirements for fire safety

Article 145 Confirmation of the protection objects (products) requirements for fire safety

Article 146 Schemes confirm product compliance with fire safety

Article 147. certification procedure

Article 148 Additional requirements to be considered for accreditation of certification bodies, testing laboratories (centers)

Article 149 Features conformity substances and materials requirements for fire safety

Article 150 Features acknowledgment of conformity of fire protection

Section VIII. Final Provisions

Chapter 34 Final Provisions

Article 151 Final Provisions

Article 152 Entry into force of this Federal Law

Appendix

 

Section I. General principles of fire safety

Chapter 1: General Provisions

Article 1 Purpose and scope of the technical regulations

1 This federal law is designed to protect life, health and property of citizens and legal entities, state and municipal property from fires, identifies the main provisions of technical regulation in the field of fire safety and specifies the general requirements for fire safety for the protection of objects (products) in the including the buildings, structures and buildings, industrial facilities, fire-technical products and products for general use.

Federal laws on technical regulations containing the requirements for fire safety for a specific product, do not apply to the extent set lower than established by this Federal Law, the fire safety requirements.

2 The provisions of the Federal Law on fire safety protection facilities shall be binding if:

1) the design, construction, major repairs, reconstruction, technical re-equipment, changing functionality, maintenance, operation and disposal of objects to be protected;

2) the development, adoption, application and enforcement of federal laws on technical regulations containing the fire safety requirements, as well as regulations on fire safety;

3) development of technical documentation for the objects of protection.

3 In respect of the protection of special-purpose facilities, including military facilities, facilities for production, processing, storage of radioactive and explosive substances and materials, objects, destruction and storage of chemical weapons and explosives, ground space objects and launch facilities, mining, facilities located in the woods, along with the present Federal Law shall be observed fire safety requirements established by regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.

4 Technical regulation in the field of fire safety of nuclear weapons and related processes of development, production, operation, storage, transportation, disposal and recycling of its components, as well as in the field of fire safety of buildings, structures, objects, organizations of the Russian nuclear weapons complex Federation established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 2: Basic Concepts

For purposes of this Federal Law, the basic concepts set out in Article 2 of the Federal Law of December 27, 2002 N 184-FZ “On Technical Regulation” (hereinafter – the Federal Law “On Technical Regulation”), Article 1 of the Federal Law of 21 December, 1994 N 69-FZ “On Fire” (hereinafter – the Federal Law “On Fire”), and the following basic concepts:

1) emergency exit – door hatch or another way, which lead to the escape route, directly to the outside or to a safe area, used as an additional outlet for the rescue of persons, but not taken into account when evaluating the required number and size of escape routes and emergency exits and which meet the requirements for safe evacuation in case of fire;

2) safety zone – the area in which people are protected from the effects of fire hazards or where there are no fire hazards;

3) explosion – a rapid chemical conversion environment, accompanied by the release of energy and the formation of compressed gases;

4) explosive mixture – a mixture of air or oxidant and combustible gases, vapors of flammable liquids, combustible dusts or fibers, which at a certain concentration and the appearance of the source is capable of initiating an explosion explode;

5) protection of highly explosive object – the object’s state protection, characterized by the possibility of an explosion and fire development;

6) hot medium – medium capable ignite when exposed to an ignition source;

7) Declaration of fire safety – a form of conformity assessment, which contains information on fire safety measures aimed at ensuring the protection of the facility standard value of fire risk;

8) a valid fire risk – the risk of fire, the level of which is valid and justified on the basis of socio-economic conditions;

9) individual fire risk – the risk of fire, which can lead to loss of life as a result of exposure to fire hazards;

10) the ignition source – a means of power influence, triggering the occurrence of combustion;

11) the class of structural fire hazard buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments – classification characteristics of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments defined by the degree of participation in the development of structural fire and education of fire hazards;

12) the class of functional fire hazard buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments – classification characteristics of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments, defined the purpose and features of the operation of these buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments, including the implementation of features in these buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments of manufacturing processes;

13) outdoor installation – a set of machines and technological equipment located outside of buildings and structures;

14) required the evacuation – the time since the fire, during which the people have to be evacuated to a safe area without causing harm to human life and health as a result of exposure to fire hazards;

15) to protect – products, including property of citizens or legal persons, public or municipal property (including facilities located in the territories of settlements, as well as buildings, structures, buildings, vehicles, processing plants, equipment, machines, and other products property), which are installed or to be installed fire safety requirements for fire prevention and protection in case of fire;

16)-oxidizing substances and materials having the ability to react with combustible material, causing burning, and to increase its intensity;

17) the hazards of fire – fire factors, the effects of which may result in injury, poisoning or death, and (or) damage to property;

18) fire site – site of the original fire;

19) primary extinguishing media – portable or mobile extinguishing agents used for fire fighting in the early stages of its development;

20) fire safety protection object – the object’s state protection, characterized by the ability to prevent the emergence and development of a fire, as well as the impact on people and property of fire hazards;

21) the fire hazard of substances and materials – the state of substances and materials, characterized by the possibility of occurrence of combustion or explosion of substances and materials;

22) fire hazard protection object – the object’s state protection, characterized by the possibility of the emergence and development of a fire, as well as the impact on people and property of fire hazards;

23) fire alarm system – a set of technical means for detecting, processing, transmitting in a given form of notification of a fire, a special information and (or) issuing commands to the inclusion of automatic fire extinguishing installations and facilities including executive smoke protection systems, technological and engineering equipment, and other fire protection devices;

24) fire station – to the fire department, which houses facilities for storage of fire fighting equipment and its maintenance, office space for the placement of personnel, space for receiving notification of a fire, technical and support facilities necessary to perform the tasks assigned to the fire department ;

25) Fire Detector – technical means for the formation of a fire alarm;

26) FIRE ALARM – technical means for warning people about the fire;

27) fire compartment – of buildings, structures and buildings leased by fire walls and fire floors or coated with fire outside the structure, ensuring the non-proliferation of fire beyond the fire compartment for the entire duration of the fire;

28) fire risk – a measure of the feasibility of a fire hazard protection object and its effects on people and property;

29) Fire and explosion hazard of substances and materials – the ability of substances and materials to form a combustible (fire or explosive) environment, characterized by their physico-chemical properties and (or) the behavior in case of fire;

30) fire hazardous (explosive) area – part of a closed or open space within which continuously or periodically turning flammable substances and in which they may be in the normal mode process or a violation (of the accident);

31) fire-resistance design (fill openings of fire barriers) – the time from the beginning of the fire exposure conditions in the standard tests until one of the valuation for the structure (fill openings of fire barriers) limit states;

32) devices control fire – technical means for receiving signals from fire detectors to monitor the integrity of the loop fire alarm lights and audible alarm events, formation of the starting trigger pulse control unit fire;

33) control unit fire – technical means for transmitting control signals AGFES, and (or) for integrating the units smoke protection systems, and (or) fire warning, as well as for transmitting control signals to other devices of fire protection;

34) facilities – facilities for industrial and agricultural purposes, including warehouses, facilities engineering and transport infrastructure (rail, road, river, sea, air and pipeline transportation), communication facilities;

35) fire barrier – building structure with the normalized limit of fire and structural fire danger class design element of volume of the building or other engineering solution designed to prevent the spread of fire from one part of a building, structure, structure to another or between buildings, structures, buildings, green areas;

36) fire break (Fire away) – the normalized distance between the buildings, structures and (or) facilities, installed to prevent the spread of fire;

37) Transmission systems of fire – a set of co-operating hardware designed for the transmission and reception of communication channels in paragraph centralized monitoring notification of a fire in the protected facility, service, control and diagnostic notifications, and (in the presence of the reverse channel) for transmission and receiving telecommand;

38) Fire Alarm System – a set of fire alarm mounted on a single object, and controlled from a common fire post;

39) Fire prevention system – a complex of organizational measures and technical means, excluding the possibility of a fire in the facility protection;

40) smoke protection system – a set of institutional arrangements, space planning solutions, systems engineering and technical means to prevent or limit the danger of smoke buildings, structures and buildings in case of fire, as well as the impact of fire hazards on people and property;

41) fire protection system – a complex of organizational measures and technical means to protect people and property from the effects of fire hazards, and (or) the restriction of the impacts of fire hazards in the protected object (product);

42) Construction – construction system of any functional purpose, which includes facilities designed according to the functional purpose for stay or residence of people and the implementation of technological processes;

43) social fire risk – the danger that led to the death of a group of people as a result of exposure to fire hazards;

44) the degree of fire resistance of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments – classification characteristics of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments defined outside fire resistance of structures used for the construction of these buildings, structures and spaces;

45) the technical means warning and evacuation – a set of hardware (devices control of sirens, fire detectors) designed to alert people about the fire;

46) technological environment – substances and materials circulating in the technological equipment (process system);

47) the stability of the object of protection in case of fire – the protection of property of the object to maintain the structural integrity and (or) functionality when exposed to fire hazards and secondary effects of fire hazards;

48) emergency exit – exit leading to the escape route, directly to the outside or to a safe area;

49) evacuation path (escape route) – the path of motion and (or) the movement of people, leading directly to the outside or to a safe area that meets the requirements for safe evacuation in case of fire;

50) evacuation – the process of self-organized movement of people directly to the outside or to a safe area of ​​the premises in which there is the possibility of human exposure to fire hazards.

Article 3: The legal basis of technical regulations in the field of fire safety

The legal basis for technical regulation in the field of fire safety is the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the generally recognized principles and norms of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation, the Federal Law “On technical regulation”, the Federal Law “On Fire” and the present Federal Law, under which developed and accepted normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, the governing fire safety protection objects (products).

Article 4 Technical regulation in the field of fire safety

1 Technical regulation in the field of fire safety is:

1) the establishment of a regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and the regulations on fire safety fire safety requirements for products, processes of design, production, operation, storage, transportation, marketing and utilization;

2) legal regulation of relations in the field of application and use of fire safety requirements;

3) legal regulation of relations in the field of conformity assessment.

2 Normative legal acts of the Russian Federation on fire safety are federal laws on technical regulations, federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation establishing the obligatory requirements of fire safety.

3. regulations on fire safety include national standards, codes of practice, containing the fire safety requirements (regulations).

4 In existing buildings, structures and buildings, designed and constructed in accordance with previous acting fire safety requirements, the provisions of this Federal Law shall not apply, except in cases where the continued operation of the said buildings and structures leads to a threat to life or human health from possible fire. In such cases, the owner of an object or a person authorized to possess, use or dispose of buildings, structures and buildings, must take measures to bring the fire safety system of the object of protection in accordance with the requirements of this Federal Law.

Article 5: Fire safety protection facilities

1 Each object protection shall have a system to ensure fire safety.

2 The purpose of the fire safety system of the object of protection is to prevent a fire, human security and the protection of property in case of fire.

3 The system of fire safety protection object includes a system of fire prevention, fire protection system, a complex of organizational and technical measures to ensure fire safety.

4 The system of fire safety protection object necessarily must contain a set of measures that exclude the possibility of exceeding the allowable fire risk established by this Federal Law, and to prevent the risk of harm to third parties as a result of the fire.

Article 6 Conditions of conformity of the object of protection requirements for fire safety

1 Fire safety object of protection is provided if:

1) fully complied with the mandatory fire safety requirements established by federal law on technical regulations;

2) fire risk within the tolerances established by this Federal Law.

2 Fire safety of protection for which the federal law on technical regulations do not set the fire safety requirements, it is considered secured if the fire risk does not exceed the respective values ​​stated in this Federal Law.

3 When the mandatory fire safety requirements established by federal law on technical regulations, and regulatory requirements for fire safety fire risk calculation is not required.

4 Fire safety in urban and rural settlements, urban districts and closed administrative-territorial formations is provided as part of the fire safety measures relevant state authorities, local self-government in accordance with Article 63 of this Federal Law.

5 legal person – the owner of the object of protection (buildings, structures, buildings and industrial facilities) as part of the fire safety measures must be provided in the notification procedure to the commissioning of the facility protection declaration of fire safety in accordance with Article 64 of this Federal Law.

6 Calculations Fire Risk Assessment is an integral part of the fire safety declaration or declaration of industrial safety (on the objects for which they should be developed in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation).

7 Procedure for the settlement of the fire risk assessment is determined by the regulations of the Russian Federation.

8 Development of fire safety declaration is not required to support fire safety fire-technical products and products for general use.

Chapter 2: Classification of fires and fire hazards

 

Article 7 The classification of fires and fire hazards

1: Classification of fires by type of combustible material used to refer to the application of fire extinguishing equipment.

2 Classification of fires on the complexity of their suppression is used in determining the composition of forces and means fire departments and other services necessary for fighting fires.

3 Classification of fire hazards used to justify the fire safety measures necessary to protect people and property in case of fire.

Article 8: Classification of fires

Fires are classified by type of combustible material and divided into the following classes:

1) fires of solid flammable substances and materials (A);

2) fires of flammable liquids or meltable solids, and the materials (B);

3) fires gas (G);

4) fires metal (D);

5) fires of combustible substances and materials of electrical under voltage (E);

6) fires of nuclear materials, radioactive waste and radioactive substances (F).

Article 9 of fire hazards

1 To fire hazards affecting people and property are as follows:

1) flame and sparks;

2) The heat flux;

3) increased temperature of the environment;

4) increased concentration of toxic products of combustion and thermal decomposition;

5) reduced the oxygen concentration;

6) reduction of visibility in smoke.

2. concomitant manifestations of fire hazards include:

1) fragments, parts of the collapsed buildings, structures, buildings, vehicles, process plants, equipment, components, products, and other property;

2) the radioactive and toxic substances and materials into the environment from the destroyed process plants, equipment, components, products, and other property;

3) Removal of the high voltage on the conductive parts of the process plants, equipment, components, products, and other property;

4) the hazards of explosion, which occurred as a result of a fire;

5) The effects of fire-extinguishing agents.

Chapter 3: Indicators and classification pozharovzryvoopasnosti and fire hazards of substances and materials

 

Article 10 The purpose of the classification of substances and materials for fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

1: Classification of substances and materials for fire and explosion hazard and fire risk is used to establish fire safety requirements in the preparation of substances and materials, use, storage, transportation, processing and disposal.

2 To establish the fire safety requirements for the design of buildings, structures, buildings and fire protection systems use classification of building materials fire hazard.

Article 11: Indicators of fire and explosion hazard and fire risk substances and materials

1 List of indicators for assessing fire and explosion hazard and fire risk substances and materials, depending on their state of aggregation is shown in Table 1 of the Annex hereto.

2 Methods for the determination of indicators pozharovzryvoopasnosti and fire hazards of substances and materials listed in Table 1 of the Annex hereto shall be established by the normative documents on fire safety.

3 Indicators pozharovzryvoopasnosti and fire hazards of substances and materials used to establish requirements for the use of substances and materials and the calculation of the fire risk.

Article 12 Classification of substances and materials (with the exception of construction, textile and leather materials) for fire hazard

1: Classification of substances and materials for fire danger based on their properties and the ability to form the hazards of fire or explosion.

2 According to the flammability of the substance and materials are divided into the following groups:

1) incombustible – Materials & unable to burn in the air. Non-combustible materials may be pozharovzryvoopasnosti (e.g., oxidizing or substances that emit flammable products in contact with water, air or oxygen to each other);

2) slow-burning – substances and materials that can burn in air when exposed to an ignition source, but are unable to burn yourself after its removal;

3) combustible – substances and materials liable to spontaneous combustion, as well as ignite under the influence of a source of ignition and burn yourself after its removal.

3 Methods of test for flammability of substances and materials established by normative documents on fire safety.

4 From flammable liquids isolated group of flammable and highly dangerous flammable liquids, vapor ignition occurs at low temperatures, certain regulatory documents on fire safety.

Article 13 Classification of construction, textile and leather materials for fire danger

1: Classification of construction, textile and leather materials for the fire danger based on their properties and the ability to form fire hazards.

2 Fire hazard construction, textile and leather materials is characterized by the following properties:

1) flammability;

2) ignition characteristics, combustibleness;

3) surface spread of flame;

4) smoke-generating capacity;

5) toxicity of combustion products ;

“러시아 원문 참조 “

1)горючесть; 

2) воспламеняемость;

3) способность распространения пламени по поверхности;

4) дымообразующая способность;

5) токсичность продуктов горения.

3. flammability building materials are divided into fuel (F) and non-combustible (NG).

4 Construction materials are non-combustible for the following parameters flammability determined experimentally:

growth temperature – not more than 50 degrees Celsius, the weight loss of the sample – no more than 50 percent, the duration of sustained flaming – not more than 10 seconds.

5 Building materials that do not meet at least one of the specified in Part 4 of this article parameters, refer to the fuel. Combustible building materials are classified into the following groups:

1) not readily (G1) having a flue gas temperature is not more than 135 degrees Celsius, the degree of damage to the test specimen length is not more than 65 percent by weight, the degree of damage to the test sample is not more than 20 percent of self-burning duration of 0 seconds;

2) umerennogoryuchie (T2) having a flue gas temperature is not more than 235 degrees Celsius, the degree of damage to the test specimen length is not more than 85 percent by weight, the degree of damage to the test sample is not more than 50 percent of self-burning duration less than 30 seconds;

3) normalnogoryuchie (T3) having a flue gas temperature not exceeding 450 degrees Celsius, the degree of damage along the length of the test sample over 85 percent by weight, the degree of damage to the test sample is not more than 50 percent of self-burning duration not exceeding 300 seconds;

4) silnogoryuchie (T4) having a flue gas temperature of over 450 degrees Celsius, the degree of damage along the length of the test sample over 85 percent by weight, the degree of damage to the test sample over 50 percent of self-burning duration of more than 300 seconds.

6 For materials related to the flammability group G1 – G3, is not allowed to flaming droplets melt during the test (for materials related to the flammability groups G1 and G2 are not allowed the formation of droplets of the melt). For non-combustible building materials other indicators of fire danger are not defined and are not standardized.

7. flammability combustible construction materials (including floor carpeting) depending on the value of the critical surface heat flux density into the following groups:

1) Flame retardant (B1) having a value of critical surface heat flux density of more than 35 kilowatts per square meter;

2) moderate inflammable (B2) having a value of critical surface heat flux density of not less than 20 but not more than 35 kilowatts per square meter;

3) inflammable (B3) having a value of critical surface heat flux density is less than 20 kilowatts per square meter.

8 As the flame propagation velocity over the surface of flammable building materials (including floor carpeting) depending on the value of the critical surface heat flux density into the following groups:

1) FLAME (WP1), with the critical value of the surface heat flux density of more than 11 kilowatts per square meter;

2) slaborasprostranyayuschie (IS2) having a value of critical surface heat flux density of at least 8 but not more than 11 kilowatts per square meter;

3) umerennorasprostranyayuschie (WP3) having a value of critical surface heat flux density of not less than 5 but not more than 8 kilowatts per square meter;

4) silnorasprostranyayuschie (WP4), with the critical value of the surface heat flux density is less than 5 kilowatts per square meter.

9. smoke-forming ability of combustible building materials, depending on the value of the coefficient of smoke into the following groups:

1) low smoke-forming capability (D1) having an aspect ratio less smoke production of 50 square meters per kilogram;

2) moderate smoke-forming capability (A2) having a coefficient of smoke generation is not less than 50 but not exceeding 500 square meters per kilogram;

3) with high smoke-forming capability (D3) having a ratio of smoke formation more than 500 square meters per kilogram.

10 According to the toxicity of combustion products of combustible building materials are classified into the following groups according to Table 2 of the Annex hereto:

1) low risk (T1);

2) moderate hazardous (T2);

3) highly dangerous (T3);

4) is extremely dangerous (T4).

11 Classes of fire danger based on groups of fire hazard of building materials are listed in Table 3 of the Annex hereto.

12 For floor carpet flammability group is not defined.

13 Textile and leather materials flammability subdivided into flammable and inflammable. Cloth (nonwoven) is classified as a flammable material, if the tests the following conditions:

1) Total flaming combustion of any of the samples tested at the ignition surface is more than 5 seconds;

2) any of the samples tested at surface ignition, burns to one of its edges;

3) cotton wool comes under any of the test samples;

4) Surface flash at any of the samples spread over 100 millimeters from the ignition point on the surface or edge;

5) average carbonized length portion of any of the samples tested when exposed to the flame from the surface or edge of more than 150 millimeters.

14 For the classification of construction, textile and leather materials should be used flame spread index (I) – conditional dimensionless index that characterizes the ability of materials or substances ignited, the flame spread over the surface and give off heat. Flame spread materials are divided into the following groups:

1) does not distribute the flame over the surface having a flame spread index 0;

2) slow flame spreading over the surface having a flame spread index less than 20;

3) the flame spreads rapidly over the surface with a flame spread index of 20.

15 Tests for fire danger classification of construction, textile and leather materials are set normative documents on fire safety.

Chapter 4: Indicators of fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard classification and technological environments for fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

 

Article 14 The classification of technological media on fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

Classification of technological media on fire and explosion hazard and fire risk is used to establish the parameters of safe conduct of the process.

Article 15: Indicators of fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard technological environments

1 Pozharovzryvoopasnost fire hazard and technological environments characterized by indicators of fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard substances circulating in the process, and the process parameters. The list of indicators needed to assess the fire and explosion hazard and fire risk substances are listed in Table 1 of Annex hereto.

2 Methods for the determination of indicators pozharovzryvoopasnosti and fire hazards of substances belonging to the technological environments are set normative documents on fire safety.

Article 16 Classification of technological media on fire and explosion hazard

1 Technological environment for fire and explosion hazard are divided into the following groups:

1) a fire risk;

2) fire and explosion hazard;

3) explosive;

4) fireproof.

Wednesday 2 relates to a fire hazard, if possible formation of a flammable environment as well as the appearance of an ignition source of sufficient capacity to fire.

3 Wednesday relates to fire and explosion hazard, if possible formation of mixtures of oxidant and combustible gases, vapors of flammable liquids, flammable aerosols and combustible dusts in which the appearance of an ignition source may initiate an explosion and (or) fire.

Wednesday 4 refers to the explosive, if possible formation of mixtures of air and combustible gases, vapors of flammable liquids, flammable liquids, flammable aerosols and combustible dusts or fibers, and if a certain concentration of the fuel source and the appearance of the initiation of the explosion (ignition source), it can explode.

5 To fireproof media refers space in which there are no hot medium and (or) oxidizer.

Chapter 5: Classification of fire or explosion hazard zones

 

Article 17 The classification

Classification of fire or explosion hazard zones is used to select electrical and other equipment according to their degree of protection to ensure their Firefighting operation in this area.

Article 18 Classification of fire zones

1 fire zones are divided into the following classes:

1) P-I – Zone, located in the premises in which flammable liquids are treated with a flashpoint of 61 or more degrees Celsius;

2) P-II – zones located in areas where combustible dusts are allocated or fibers;

3) P-IIa – zones located in areas in which the treated solid combustible substance in an amount that the specific fire load is not less than 1 megajoules per square meter;

4) P-III – areas located outside of buildings, structures, in which flammable liquids are treated with a flashpoint of 61 degrees Celsius or more, or any solid combustibles.

2 Methods for determining the classification of indicators fire zone established by normative documents on fire safety.

Article 19 Classification of hazardous areas

1 Depending on the frequency and duration of an explosive mixture of explosive areas are subdivided into the following classes:

1) Grade 0 – zone in which an explosive gas mixture is present continuously, or at least within one hour;

2) 1st class – zones located in areas in which, during normal operation of equipment emit flammable gases or vapors of flammable liquids that form explosive mixtures with air;

3) Grade 2 – zones located in areas in which, during normal operation of equipment explosive mixtures of flammable gases or vapors of flammable liquids and air are formed, and are only possible as a result of an accident or damage to process equipment;

4) 20 Grade – a zone in which an explosive mixture with air combustible dust has a lower explosion limit of less than 65 grams per cubic meter and the present time;

5) 21 th grade – zones located in areas in which, during normal operation of equipment allocated carryover into suspension combustible dust or fibers that can form explosive mixtures with air at a concentration of 65 grams or less per cubic meter;

6) 22 th grade – zones located in areas in which during normal operation of the equipment does not form explosive mixtures of combustible dusts or fibers with air at a concentration of 65 grams or less per cubic meter, but it is possible the formation of such an explosive mixture of combustible dusts or fibers with air only as a result of an accident or equipment damage.

2 Methods for determining the classification of the hazardous area indicators established by normative documents on fire safety.

Chapter 6: Classification of electrical equipment for fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

 

Article 20 The classification

Classification of electrical equipment for fire and explosion hazard and fire risk is used to determine the field of safe use and appropriate labeling of electrical equipment in the area, as well as to determine the requirements of fire safety in the operation of electrical equipment.

Article 21 Classification of electrical equipment for fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

1 Depending on the level of inflammation and fire hazard electrical equipment is divided into the following types:

1) without electrical tools pozharovzryvozaschity;

2) Flameproof electrical equipment (for fire zones);

3) explosion-proof electrical (for hazardous area).

2 The degree of fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard electrical understood the danger of ignition source inside the electrical and (or) the risk of contact with an ignition source ambient electrical combustible environment.

Electrical equipment without means pozharovzryvozaschity on levels of fire protection and explosion protection is not classified.

Article 22 Classification of Flameproof Electrical

1 Electrical equipment used in fire hazard zones are classified according to the degree of protection against the ingress of water and solid foreign objects provided by the design of the electrical equipment.

Classification of Flameproof Electrical carried out in accordance with Tables 4 and 5 of Annex hereto.

2 Methods for determination of enclosure protection Flameproof electrical set normative documents on fire safety.

3 Marking of electrical equipment enclosure protection is carried out with the help of the international symbol of protection (IP) and two digits, the first of which is the protection against ingress of solid objects, the second – from water penetration.

Article 23 Classification of explosion-proof electrical

1 Explosion-proof electrical equipment is classified by levels of protection, type of protection, groups and temperature classes.

2 Explosion-proof electrical equipment in levels of protection is divided into the following types:

1) osobovzryvobezopasnoe electrical (level 0);

2) explosion-proof electrical (level 1);

3) increased electrical reliability against explosion (level 2).

3 Osobovzryvobezopasnoe electrical – is explosion-proof electrical with additional means of protection.

4 explosive electrical equipment provides explosion protection as in normal operation of equipment, and if damaged, except for damage means of protection. Electrical equipment of high reliability against the flameproof explosion only during normal operation of the equipment (in the absence of accidents and injuries).

5 Explosion-proof electrical equipment by type of protection is divided into equipment with:

1) flameproof (d);

2) filling or purging shell pressurized shielding gas (p);

3) an intrinsically safe circuit (i);

4) powder filling with live parts (q);

5) Oil immersion with live parts (a);

6) a special type of protection defined by the features of the object (s);

7) Any other type of protection (e).

6 Explosion-proof electrical equipment on the admissibility of the application areas is subdivided into equipment:

1) to industrial gases and vapors (group II and group IIA, IIB, IIC);

2) miner methane (group I).

7 Depending on the maximum allowable surface temperature explosion-proof electrical equipment of Group II is subdivided into temperature classes:

1), T1 (450 degrees Celsius);

2), T2 (300 degrees Celsius);

3) T3 (200 degrees Celsius);

4) T4 (135 degrees Celsius);

5) T5 (100 degrees Celsius);

6) T6 (85 degrees Celsius).

8 Explosion-proof electrical equipment shall be marked. The following sequence must be specified:

1) sign level of explosion protection (2, 1, 0);

2) marks relating to electrical explosion-proof (Ex);

3) the sign of the type of protection (d, p, i, q, a, s, e);

4) the sign of the group or subgroup of electrical equipment (I, II, IIA, IIB, IIC);

5) The sign of the temperature class of electrical equipment (T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6).

9: Test methods for explosion-proof equipment belonging to the appropriate level, type, group (subgroup), temperature class set normative documents on fire safety.

Chapter 7: Classification of outdoor facilities for fire danger

 

Article 24 The purpose of the classification of outdoor facilities for fire danger

1: Classification of outdoor facilities for fire danger used to establish the fire safety requirements to prevent the possibility of a fire and provide fire protection of people and property in the event of a fire on outdoor installations.

2 Classification of outdoor facilities for fire danger based on the definition of their affiliation in the respective category.

3 Categories of outdoor facilities for the fire hazard shall be indicated in the project documentation for the objects of capital construction and renovation, and the designation of categories should be specified in the facility.

Article 25 Definition of categories of outdoor facilities for fire danger

1 According to the fire hazard outdoor units are divided into the following categories:

1) increased highly explosive (AN);

2) highly explosive (BN);

3) a fire hazard (BH);

4) moderate fire hazard (GN);

5) low flammability (NAM).

2 Categories outdoor facilities for fire danger are determined based on the properties of fire are in units of combustible substances and materials, their quantity and characteristics of processes.

3: Installation is classified as AN, if it contains (stored, processed, transported) flammable gases, flammable liquid with a flashpoint not exceeding 28 degrees Celsius, the substance and (or) materials that can burn in contact with water, air or oxygen and (or) with each other (assuming that the value of fire risk in a possible combustion of these substances with the formation of pressure waves exceeds one million per year at a distance of 30 meters from the outdoor setting).

4 Installation is classified as BN, if it contains is stored, processed or transported combustible dust and (or) fiber, flammable liquid with a flash point of more than 28 degrees Celsius, flammable liquids (provided that the value of fire risk in a possible combustion of dust – and (or) vapor-air mixtures to form a pressure wave is more than one million per year at a distance of 30 meters from the outdoor setting).

5 Installation is classified as HV, if it contains (stored, processed, transported) fuel and (or) nonflammable liquid, solid fuels and (or) slow-burning material and (or) materials (including dust and (or) fiber ) agents and (or)

Materials capable of interacting with water, air and oxygen (or) with each other to burn and if not implemented criteria to include installation category AN or BN (assuming that the magnitude of a possible fire risk during combustion thereof, and (or) materials exceeds one million per year at a distance of 30 meters from the outdoor setting).

6 Installation is classified as GBV, if it contains (stored, processed, transported) incombustible material and (or) materials in the hot, scorching and (or) a molten state, the processing of which is accompanied by the release of radiant heat, sparks, and (or) flames and flammable gases, liquids, and (or) the solids are burned or disposed of as fuel.

7 Installation is classified as DN, if it contains (stored, processed, transported) mostly non-combustible material and (or) materials in the cold and if on the above criteria, it does not belong to the category of AN, BN, BH or GBV.

8 Definition of categories of outdoor facilities for fire risk is carried out by sequential testing of their belonging to the category of the most dangerous (AN) to the least dangerous (NAM).

9 Methods for determining the classification criteria categories outdoor facilities for fire danger are set normative documents on fire safety.

Chapter 8: Classification of buildings, structures and premises for fire and explosion hazards

 

Article 26 The classification of buildings, structures and premises for fire and explosion hazards

Classification of buildings, structures and premises for fire and explosion hazards is used to establish the fire safety requirements to prevent the possibility of a fire and provide fire protection of people and property in case of fire in buildings, structures, buildings and premises.

Article 27 Determination of categories of buildings, structures and premises for fire and explosion hazards

1 According to the fire and explosion hazard premises of industrial and warehouse purposes, regardless of their function, are divided into the following categories:

1) increased highly explosive (A);

2) highly explosive (B);

3) flammability (B1 – B4);

4) moderate fire hazard (H);

5) low flammability (L).

2 Buildings, structures, buildings and premises for other purposes categorization can not be.

3 Categories of premises for fire and explosion hazards are determined based on the type on the premises of combustible substances and materials, their quantity and flammable properties as well as on the basis of space-planning decisions and the characteristics of the premises held by them in technological processes.

4: Determination of categories of premises should be carried out by sequential testing room accessories to the categories of the most dangerous (A) to the least dangerous (D).

5: By Category A are areas in which there are (treated) flammable gases, flammable liquid with a flashpoint not exceeding 28 degrees Celsius in an amount that may form explosive mixtures parogazovozdushnye, when ignited, which is developing the design overpressure blast indoors exceeding 5 kilopascals, and (or) substances and materials that can explode and burning in contact with water, air or oxygen with one another in such a quantity that the calculated overpressure explosion in the room is greater than 5 kPa.

6 The category B are areas in which there are (treated) combustible dust or fibers, flammable liquid with a flash point of more than 28 degrees Celsius, flammable liquids in such a quantity that can form explosive dust-air or vapor-air mixture, when ignited, which is developing the estimated excess explosion pressure in the room of more than 5 kPa.

7: By Category B1 – B4 are areas in which there are (treated) flammable and nonflammable liquid, solid combustible and fire-retardant agents and materials (including dust and fibers), substances and materials capable of interacting with water, air or with each other only burn under the condition that the room in which they are located (treated) do not belong to category A or B.

8 Assignment of premises in the category B1, B2, B3 or B4 is dependent on the amount and method of placement of fire load on the premises and its space-planning features, as well as the fire properties of substances and materials that make up the fire load.

9 The category D are areas in which there are (treated) non-combustible substances and materials in the hot, hot or molten state, the processing of which is accompanied by the release of radiant heat, sparks and flame, and (or) flammable gases, liquids and solids, are burned or disposed of as fuel.

10 The category D are areas in which there are (treated) non-combustible substances and materials in a cold state.

11 categories of buildings, structures and buildings on fire and explosion hazards are determined based on the share and summed floor space of a particular hazard category in this building, building, building.

12 The building is classified as A, if it is summed up floor space of category A is greater than 5 percent of the area of ​​all rooms or 200 square meters.

13 The building does not belong to category A, if we summarize the floor space of category A in the building does not exceed 25 percent of the summed area of ​​all premises are stored in it (but not more than 1000 square meters) and these rooms are equipped with automatic fire extinguishing.

14 The building belongs to the category B if the following conditions hold: the building is not classified as A and summed area of ​​the premises in categories A and B is greater than 5 percent of the summed area of ​​all rooms or 200 square meters.

15 The building does not belong to category B, if summed area of ​​the premises in categories A and B in the building does not exceed 25 percent of the summed area of ​​all premises are stored in it (but not more than 1000 square meters) and these rooms are equipped with automatic fire extinguishing.

16 The building belongs to the category B if the following conditions hold: the building is not classified as A or B and the summed area of ​​the premises in categories A, B, B1, B2 and B3 is greater than 5 percent (10 percent if there is no room in the building category A and B) summed area of ​​all premises.

17 The building does not belong to category B if the summed area of ​​the premises in categories A, B, B1, B2 and B3 in the building does not exceed 25 percent of the summed area of ​​all premises are stored in it (but not more than 3500 square meters) and these rooms are equipped with automatic settings firefighting.

18 The building belongs to the category D if the following conditions hold: the building is not classified as A, B or C and summed area of ​​the premises in categories A, B, B1, B2, B3 and C exceeds 5 percent of the summed area of ​​all premises.

19 The building does not belong to the category of T if summed area of ​​the premises in categories A, B, B1, B2, B3, C and D in the building does not exceed 25 percent of the summed area of ​​all premises are stored in it (but not more than 5000 square meters) and spaces of category A , B, B1, B2 and B3 are equipped with automatic fire extinguishing. 20 The building belongs to the category A if it is not classified as A, B, C or D.

21 Methods for determining the classification criteria for inclusion of buildings and premises of industrial and warehouse purposes to the categories of the fire and explosion hazard established by normative documents on fire safety.

22 categories of buildings, structures and premises of industrial and warehouse purposes for fire and explosion hazards are specified in the design documentation for the objects of capital construction and renovation.

Chapter 9: Fire-technical classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments

 

Article 28 The classification

1 Fire-technical classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments is used to establish the requirements of fire safety systems for fire safety of buildings and structures according to their functional purpose and fire hazard.

2 The degree of fire resistance of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments, their functional classes and structural fire hazards are specified in the design documentation for the objects of capital construction and renovation.

Article 29: Fire-technical classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments

Classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments shall be based on the following criteria:

1) the degree of fire resistance;

2) the class of structural fire hazard;

3) the class of functional fire hazard.

Article 30 Classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments, the fire resistance

1 Buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments on the degree of fire resistance are divided into buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments I, II, III, IV and V degrees of fire resistance.

2 The procedure for determining the fire resistance of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments established by Article 87 of this Federal Law.

Article 31 Classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments, structural fire hazard

1 Buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments on structural fire hazards are divided into classes C0, C1, C2 and C3.

2 The procedure for determining structural fire danger class of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments is set by Article 87 of this Federal Law.

Article 32 Classification of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments, functional fire hazard

1 Buildings (structures, buildings, fire compartments and parts of buildings, structures, buildings – rooms or groups of rooms that are functionally related to each other) on a class of functional fire hazard depending on their destination, as well as age, physical condition and the number of people in the building, construction, structure, capabilities of their stay in the sleep state is divided into:

1) F1 – buildings intended for permanent residence and temporary stay of people, including:

a) F1.1 – building preschool educational institutions, specialized nursing homes (nekvartirnye), hospitals, dormitories of educational institutions providing residential and institutional care;

b) F1.2 – hotels, hostels, dormitories sanatoriums and rest homes of the general type, campgrounds, motels and boarding houses;

c) F1.3 – apartment house;

g) F1.4 – single family homes, including blocked;

2) F2 – building entertainment and cultural and educational institutions, including:

a) F2.1 – theaters, cinemas, concert halls, clubs, circuses, sports facilities with stands, libraries and other institutions with an estimated number of seats for the visitors indoors;

b) F2.2 – museums, exhibitions, dance halls and other similar institutions in enclosed spaces;

c) F2.3 – building institutions referred to in sub-paragraph “a” of this paragraph, in the open air;

g) F2.4 – building institutions referred to in subparagraph “b” of this paragraph, in the open air;

3) F3 – building organizations of public service, including:

a) F3.1 – building trade organizations;

b) F3.2 – the building of public catering;

c) F3.3 – stations;

g) F3.4 – Hospitals and dispensaries;

d) F3.5 – facilities for visitors to the household and public service with an unplanned number of seats for visitors;

e) F3.6 – sports and health centers and sports training institution with facilities without seats for spectators, utility rooms, bath;

4) F4 – building research and educational institutions, scientific and design organizations, government agencies, including:

a) F4.1 – the building of educational institutions, educational institutions of additional education of children, educational institutions of primary and secondary vocational education;

b) F4.2 – the building of educational institutions of higher education and secondary vocational education (training) professionals;

c) F4.3 – building government institutions, design organizations, information, and editorial and publishing organizations, research organizations, banks, offices, offices;

g) F4.4 – building fire stations;

5) F5 – building production or storage purposes, including:

a) F5.1 – industrial buildings, structures, buildings, manufacturing and laboratory facilities, workshops;

b) F5.2 – warehouse buildings, structures, buildings, and parking for vehicles without maintenance and repair, book depositories, archives, warehouses;

c) F5.3 – buildings for agricultural purposes.

2 Terms of reference of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments to classes on structural fire hazards are defined in the regulations on fire safety.

Article 33 Classification of building fire stations

1 Building fire stations, depending on the destination, the number of vehicles of the premises and their areas are divided into the following types:

1) I – fire stations 6, 8, 10 and 12 cars for the protection of urban settlements;

2) II – fire stations 2, 4 and 6 cars for the protection of urban settlements;

3) III – fire stations 6, 8, 10 and 12 cars for the protection organizations;

4) IV – fire stations 2, 4 and 6 cars for security organizations;

5) V – fire stations 1, 2, 3 and 4 of the car to protect the villages.

2 Buildings fire stations types I and III are designed in case of placing them in government fire protection units stationed on the territory of the village or organization, and (or) the on-duty dispatcher service of fire protection.

Chapter 10: Fire-technical classification of structures and fire barriers

 

Article 34 The classification

1 Building structures are classified according to fire resistance for possible use in their buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments certain degree of fire resistance, or to determine the degree of fire resistance of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments.

2 Building structures are classified according to the fire hazard to determine the extent of involvement of structures in the development of fire and their ability to form fire hazards.

3 fire barriers are classified according to the method of preventing the spread of fire hazards as well as fire resistance for the selection of structures and fill openings in fire barriers with the required fire resistance rating and class of fire hazard.

Article 35 Classification of structures on fire

1 Construction and design of buildings and structures, depending on their ability to resist the effects of fire and the spread of its hazards in terms of the standard tests are divided into the following constructions outside fire:

1) nonnormable;

2) at least 15 minutes;

3) at least 30 minutes;

4) is not less than 45 minutes;

5) is not less than 60 minutes;

6) for at least 90 minutes;

7) is not less than 120 minutes;

8) of not less than 150 minutes;

9) is not less than 180 minutes;

10) for at least 240 minutes;

11) is not less than 360 minutes.

2 Fire resistance of building structures are defined in a standard test. Offensive fire ratings of bearing and enclosing structures under standardized tests or as a result of the calculations is set at the time to reach one or more series of the following limit states:

1) the loss of load carrying capacity (R);

2) loss of integrity (E);

3) loss of thermal insulation capacity due to an increase in temperature on the unexposed surface of the structure to the limit values ​​(I) or attain the maximum value of the heat flux density on the Normability distance from the unexposed surface of the structure (W).

3 Fire resistance for filling openings in fire barriers occurs when loss of integrity (E), thermal insulation capacity (I), reaching the limit value of the heat flux (W) and (or) dymogazonepronitsaemosti (S).

4 Methods for determining the limits of fire resistance of building structures and signs of limit states set normative documents on fire safety.

5 Symbols fire ratings of building structures contain lettering limit state and the group.

Article 36 Classification of structures on fire danger

1 Building construction for fire danger are divided into the following classes:

1) non- combustible (K0);

2) malopozharoopasnye (K1);

3) umerennopozharoopasnye (K2);

4) flammable (K3).

2 Fire hazard class of structures is determined in accordance with Table 6 in the Annex hereto.

3 The numerical values ​​of the criteria for identification of structures to a particular class of fire hazard determined in accordance with procedures established by the normative documents on fire safety.

Article 37 Classification of fire barriers

1 fire barriers depending on the method of preventing the spread of fire hazards are divided into the following types:

1) fire walls;

2) firewalls;

3) fire overlap;

4) fire breaks;

5) fire curtains, blinds and screens;

6) fire water curtains;

7) fire mineralized strips.

2 Fire walls, partitions, floors, fill openings in fire barriers (fire doors, gates, hatches, valves, windows, blinds, curtains), depending on the limits of fire resistance of the enclosing part, as well as locks, provided in the openings of fire barriers depending on the types of items locks, divided into the following types:

1) Wall 1st or 2nd type;

2) partitioning the 1st or 2nd type;

3) The ceiling 1, 2, 3, or Type 4;

4) doors, gates, hatches, flaps, 1, 2 or type 3; screens, curtains

5) of the window 1, 2 or type 3;

6) curtains type 1;

7) air locks 1st or 2nd type.

3 Classification of fire barriers to a particular type, depending on the limits of fire resistance of elements of fire barriers and types of fill openings in them is carried out in accordance with Article 88 of this Federal Law.

Chapter 11: Fire-technical classification of stairs and stairwells

 

Article 38 The classification

Stairs and stairwells are classified in order to determine their requirements for space-planning and design decisions, as well as to establish the requirements for their use in the ways of evacuation.

Article 39 Classification of stairs

1 Ladders are designed for the evacuation of people from buildings, structures and buildings in case of fire, divided into the following types:

1) internal stairs, placed in the stairwells;

2) internal open stairs;

3) external open staircase.

2 Fire escapes designed to provide fire-fighting and rescue operations are divided into the following types:

1) P1 – vertical ladders;

2) P2 – FLOATING with a slope of not more than 6: 1.

Article 40 Classification of staircases

1 Stairwells, depending on their degree of protection in case of fire and smoke into the following types:

1) ordinary staircases;

2) nezadymlyaemye stairwells.

2 Common stairwells depending on how the light divided into the following types:

1) L1 – staircases with natural light through windows or the openings in exterior walls on each floor;

2) A2 – staircases with natural light through windows or the openings in the coating.

3 Nezadymlyaemye stairwells, depending on the method of protection in case of fire and smoke into the following types:

1) H1 – stairwells to the entrance to the stairwell to the floor through nezadymlyaemuyu outer air zone on open transitions;

2) H2 – staircases with air overpressure in the stairwell during a fire;

3) H3 – stairwells to the entrance to them on each floor through the locks, which permanently or during the fire provided air backup.

Chapter 12 Classification of fire fighting equipment

 

Article 41 The classification

Classification of fire fighting equipment is used to define its purpose, scope, and to establish the requirements of fire safety in the operation of fire fighting equipment.

Article 42 Classification of fire fighting equipment

Fire trucks, depending on the purpose and application is divided into the following types:

1) the primary means of extinguishing;

2) mobile fire fighting;

3) fire-fighting units;

4) The means of fire automatics;

5) fire-fighting equipment;

6) personal protective equipment and rescue people in case of fire;

7) Fire Tool (motorized and non-motorized);

8) fire alarm, communication and notification.

Article 43 Classification and scope of primary fire extinguishing equipment

Primary extinguishing media designed for use by workers organizations, personnel of fire departments and other entities for the purpose of fighting fires and are divided into the following types:

1) portable and mobile fire extinguishers ;

2) fire hydrants and means to ensure their use;

3) fire-fighting equipment;

4) insulation blankets for the source of fire.

Article 44 Classification of mobile fire fighting equipment

1 To a mobile fire fighting facilities include transport or transported fire trucks for use personnel of fire departments to extinguish the fires.

2 Mobile extinguishing agents are classified into the following types:

1) firefighting vehicles (basic and special);

2) fire jets, helicopters;

3) fire trains;

4) fire-fighting vessels;

5) fire pumps;

6) adapted hardware (tractors, trailers and tractors).

Article 45 Classification of fire-extinguishing

1 The fire-fighting – a set of fixed means of fire extinguishing by fire extinguisher. Fire-extinguishing installations shall provide containment or eradication of a fire. The fire-fighting device to constructively divided into modular and modular, the degree of automation – on automatic, automated and manual, by type of extinguishing agent – on water, foam, gas, powder, aerosol, and combined, according to the method of quenching – on the volume, surface, locally is the volume and the surface locally.

2 type fire extinguishing, quenching method and type of extinguishing agent is determined by the organization configured. In this fire extinguishing installation shall provide:

1) implementation of effective technologies extinguishing optimal lag is minimal adverse impact on the protected equipment;

2) operation for a time not exceeding the duration of the initial stage of fire development (critical time for the free development of fire);

3) the intensity of the necessary irrigation or specific consumption of extinguishing agent;

4) fire-fighting for its eradication or containment for the time necessary to give effect to the operational forces and assets;

5) The reliability of the device.

Article 46 Classification of means of fire automatics

Means fire automatics are designed for automatic fire detection, warning people about it and manage their evacuation, and the inclusion of automatic fire extinguishing systems, smoke actuators protection, control engineering and technical equipment of buildings and facilities.Means fire automatics are divided into:

1) fire detectors;

2) Devices receiving-control fire;

3) fire-control devices;

4) technical means warning and evacuation fire;

5) Transmission systems of fire;

6) Other apparatus and equipment for the construction of fire automatics.

Article 47 Classification of personal protective equipment and rescue people in case of fire

1 Personal protection in case of fire are designed to protect the personnel of the fire department and the people from the effects of fire hazards. Means of escape in case of fire are designed to samospasaniya personnel of the fire and rescue people from burning buildings, structures.

2 Personal protection in case of fire are divided into:

1) personal respiratory protection and vision;

2) personal protective equipment firefighters.

3 Rescue from height in the fire are divided into:

1) personal;

2) collective means.

Chapter 13: Fire prevention system

 

Article 48 The purpose of fire prevention systems

1 The purpose of the system of fire prevention is to eliminate the conditions of fire.

2 Excluding the conditions of fire is achieved except under the conditions of combustible environment and (or) except under the conditions of education in a combustible environment (or make it) sources of ignition.

3 Structure and functional characteristics of systems to prevent fires on the object of protection established by the present Federal Law.Rules and methods (tests and measurements) characteristics of systems to prevent fires are determined in accordance with the regulations on fire safety.

Article 49 Methods of exception conditions for the formation of combustible environment

Exception conditions for the formation of combustible environment should be provided by one or more of the following ways:

1) The use of non-combustible substances and materials;

2) limit the mass and (or) the volume of flammable substances and materials;

3) the use of the most secure ways of placing combustible substances and materials as well as materials which interact with each other leads to the formation of a combustible environment;

4) insulation combustible environment from sources of ignition (use of isolated compartments, cameras, cabins);

5) maintaining a safe oxidant concentration in the medium, and (or) the combustibles;

6) reduction of the oxidant concentration in a combustible environment in the protected volume;

7) maintaining the temperature and pressure of the medium when the flame propagation is excluded;

8) mechanization and automation of technological processes related to the handling of flammable substances;

9) Installation of fire hazard systems in separate rooms or in open areas;

10) The use of safety devices manufacturing equipment, excluding the output of flammable substances in the amount of space, or devices, excluding the formation of combustible indoor environment;

11) Remove from the premises, equipment and utilities inflammable waste production, the buildup of dust, fluff.

Article 50 Methods of exception conditions for the formation of a combustible environment (or make it) ignition sources

1 Excluding the conditions of formation of a combustible environment (or make it) sources of ignition should be achieved by one or more of the following ways:

1) The use of electrical equipment, the relevant class of fire and (or) hazardous area, category and group of explosive mixture;

2) used in the design of high-speed means of electrical circuit breakers, and other devices that lead to the ignition source;

3) the use of equipment and modes of production process, excluding the formation of static electricity;

4) lightning protection of buildings, structures, buildings and equipment;

5) maintaining a safe temperature heating substances, materials and surfaces which are in contact with the combustible medium;

6) The application of the methods and devices limit the energy of the spark discharge in a combustible medium to low values;

7) The use of non-sparking tools when working with flammable liquids and flammable gases;

8) Elimination of the conditions for thermal, chemical, and (or) microbial spontaneous combustion circulating substances, materials and products;

9) avoiding contact with air pyrophoric substances;

10) The use of devices that exclude the possibility of flame propagation from one volume to the adjacent.

2 Secure the parameter values ​​are determined by the ignition source of the process based on the fire danger in it traded substances and materials, as defined in Article 11 of this Federal Law.

Chapter 14: Fire protection systems

 

Article 51 The purpose of the fire protection systems

1 The purpose of the fire protection system is to protect people and property from the effects of fire hazards, and (or) limit its consequences.

2 The protection of people and property from the effects of fire hazards, and (or) limit its effects provided a decrease in the dynamics of growth of the hazards of fire, evacuation of people and property in a safe area and (or) extinguishing the fire.

3 Fire protection systems should have the reliability and resistance to fire hazards during the time necessary for the purposes of fire safety.

4 Structure and functional characteristics of fire protection facilities established by normative documents on fire safety.

Article 52 Ways to protect people and property from the effects of fire hazards

Protecting people and property from the effects of fire hazards, and (or) the restriction of the consequences of their exposure provided by one or more of the following ways:

1) the use of space-planning decisions and the means of ensuring control the spread of fire beyond the focal point;

2) this device evacuation routes that meet the requirements for safe evacuation in case of fire;

3) unit fire detection systems (systems and fire alarm systems), warning and evacuation in case of fire;

4) application of collective protection systems (including smoke) and personal protection of people from exposure to fire hazards;

5) application of the basic constructions with fire and fire danger classes corresponding to the required degree of fire resistance and structural fire danger class of buildings and structures, as well as the limitation of the fire hazard of surface layers (finishes, linings and fire protection funds) constructions on the escape routes ;

6) The use of flame retardants (including flame retardants and fire retardant paint) and building materials (cladding) to improve the fire resistance of building structures;

7) an emergency drain fluids and fire emergency venting of combustible gases from the apparatus;

8) a device on the process equipment of explosion protection systems;

9) The use of primary fire extinguishing equipment;

10) The use of automatic fire extinguishers;

11) organization of activity fire departments.

Article 53 Means of escape in case of fire

1 Every building, structure or building must be space-planning decisions and the design of the escape routes to ensure safe evacuation in case of fire. If it is impossible to evacuate people safely must be ensured their protection through the application of collective protection systems.

2 In order to ensure the safe evacuation of people should be:

1) set the required number of dimensions and the corresponding design of the escape routes and emergency exits;

2) to ensure the smooth movement of people through the evacuation routes and emergency exits;

3) organized notification and traffic control people on evacuation routes (including the use of light-pointers, sound and voice alarm).

3 safe evacuation of buildings, structures and buildings in case of fire is considered to be secured if the time interval between the detection of a fire until the completion of the process of evacuation to a safe area does not exceed the time required to evacuate people in case of fire.

4 Methods for the determination of the necessary and the estimated time and the conditions of the smooth and timely evacuation of people defined by the normative documents on fire safety.

Article 54: Fire detection, warning and evacuation in case of fire

1 Fire-detection systems (installation and fire alarm systems), warning and evacuation in case of fire should provide automatic fire detection for the time required to activate the fire alarm systems in order to secure the organization (subject to a valid fire risk) evacuation under specific object.

2 Fire alarm, warning and evacuation in case of fire must be installed at the sites where the impact of fire hazards can cause personal injury and (or) loss of life. The list of objects subject to mandatory equipping these systems, set normative documents on fire safety.

Article 55 of the collective defense and personal protection of people from hazards of fire

1 collective protection systems and equipment for personal protection of people from exposure to fire hazards must ensure the safety of people during the time of exposure to the hazards of fire.

2 system of collective protection of people should ensure their safety at all times during development and extinguish a fire, or the time required for evacuation to a safe area. Safety of the people in this case should be achieved through space planning and design solutions safe areas in buildings, structures and buildings (including through the device nezadymlyaemyh stairwells), and through the use of technical means of protecting people on the escape routes from the effects of fire hazards ( including the means of smoke protection).

3 Personal protection of people (including the protection of their eyes and breath) must ensure their safety during the time required for evacuation to a safe area, or within the time required for a specific operation to extinguish the fire. Personal protective equipment should be used as a people to protect evacuees and rescue people, and for the protection of firefighters involved in fire fighting.

Article 56 The system of smoke protection

1 smoke protection system of the building, structure or building must ensure that people on the escape routes and safe areas from the effects of fire hazards during the time required for evacuation to a safe area, or the entire development time and extinguish the fire by removing the products of combustion and thermal decomposition and (or) prevent their spread.

2 smoke protection system should include one or more of the following methods of protection:

1) the use of space-planning decisions of buildings and structures to fight a fire by smoke;

2) the use of structural solutions for buildings, facilities and structures to fight a fire by smoke;

3) the use of the blow smoke ventilation to pressurize the air in the protected areas, air locks and stairwells;

4) the use of devices and mechanical and natural exhaust smoke ventilation to remove the products of combustion and thermal decomposition.

Article 57: Fire and fire hazard buildings and structures

1 In the buildings, structures and buildings should apply the basic constructions with fire and fire danger classes corresponding to the required degree of fire resistance of buildings, structures, buildings and their structural class of fire hazard.

2 required degree of fire resistance of buildings, structures and the class of their structural fire danger are set normative documents on fire safety.

Article 58: Fire and fire hazard of building structures

1 Fire and Fire Prevention Class of building structures should be provided at the expense of their design decisions, the use of appropriate building materials, as well as the use of fire protection.

2 The required fire resistance of building structures, selected according to the degree of fire resistance of buildings and structures, are given in Table 21 of the annex hereto.

Article 59 Limitation of fire spreading beyond the focal

Limiting the spread of fire beyond the focal point should be provided by one or more of the following ways:

1) installation of fire barriers;

2) this device fire compartments and sections, as well as limiting the number of storeys of buildings and structures;

3) The use of emergency stop devices and switching facilities and communications in case of fire;

4) the use of means to prevent or limit the spill and the spreading of liquids in a fire;

5) The use of ognepregrazhdayuschih devices in equipment;

6) the use of fire extinguishing installations.

Article 60 The primary means of fire in buildings, structures and buildings

1 Property, plant and buildings should be provided with primary fire extinguishing means persons authorized to possess, use or dispose of buildings, structures and buildings.

2 Nomenclature, the number and placement of the primary means of extinguishing are set depending on the type of combustible material, space-planning decisions buildings, structures or buildings, environmental parameters and placement of staff.

Article 61: Automatic fire-extinguishing

1 Property, plant and buildings should be equipped with automatic fire extinguishing installations where fire suppression can not be the primary means of fire suppression, as well as in cases where the wait staff is in protected buildings, structures and buildings, limited.

2 Automatic fire-extinguishing must ensure the achievement of one or more of the following purposes:

1) Elimination of fire in the premises (building) before the critical values ​​of fire hazards;

2) elimination of fire in the premises (building) until the limits of fire resistance of building structures;

3) Elimination of fire in the premises (building) to causing maximum damage to the protected property;

4) Elimination of fire in the premises (building) until the danger of destruction of technological installations.

3 Type of automatic fire-extinguishing system, type of extinguishing agent and the method of its submission to the seat of the fire are determined depending on the type of combustible material, space-planning decisions buildings, structures, buildings, and environmental parameters.

Article 62 The sources of fire water supply

1 Buildings, structures and buildings, as well as the territory of organizations and localities should have the sources of fire water supply for fire fighting.

2 As a source of fire water supply can be used natural and artificial reservoirs, as well as internal and external water supply (including drinking and drinking, household and fire).

3 The need for construction of artificial ponds, the use of natural bodies of water and fire water piping devices, as well as their parameters are determined by the present Federal Law.

Article 63 The primary fire safety measures

Basic fire safety measures include:

1) implementation of the powers of local governments to address the organizational, legal, financial, material and technical fire safety of the municipality;

2) development and implementation of measures to ensure fire safety of the municipality and municipal property, which must be provided in the plans and programs of development of the area, ensuring proper state sources of fire water supply, upkeep of fire safety of residential and public buildings in municipal property;

3) the development and implementation of the organization of municipal target programs on fire safety;

4) develop a plan to attract the forces and means for fighting fires and carrying out rescue operations in the municipality and for monitoring its implementation;

5) The establishment of a special fire safety conditions in the territory of the municipality, as well as additional fire safety requirements at the time of his actions;

6) To ensure the smooth passage of fire fighting equipment to the fire;

7) To ensure communication and alerting the public about the fire;

8) organization of training people in fire safety measures and the promotion of fire safety, the promotion of fire and technical knowledge;

9) Social and economic incentives for the participation of citizens and organizations in the voluntary fire protection, including participation in fire management.

Article 64 Requirements for fire safety declaration

1 Declaration of fire safety should be established for the protection of the objects for which the Russian Federation legislation on urban development provides state examination of the design documentation, as well as for building a class of functional fire hazard F1.1 and provides:

1) assessment of fire risk (if we calculate the risk);

2) assessment of the possible damage to the property of third parties from the fire (can be carried out under the voluntary insurance of liability for damage to third parties from the effects of fire).

2 In the event that the owner of the object of protection, or person in possession of the object of protection under the right of lifetime inheritable possession, economic management, operational management or on other grounds provided by federal law or by contract, comply with the requirements of federal law on technical regulations and regulations on fire safety , the declaration specifies only a list of these requirements for a particular object of protection.

3 Declaration of fire safety in the projected object of protection is the builder or the person performing the preparation of project documentation.

4 The owner of the object of protection, or the person in possession of the object of protection under the right of lifetime inheritable possession, economic management, operational management or on other grounds provided by federal law or by contract, or governing body of the apartment building, developed the Declaration of fire safety, are responsible for the completeness and the accuracy of the information contained therein in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

5 Development of fire safety declaration is not required for the objects of individual housing construction height of not more than three floors.

6 Declaration of fire safety re-refined or developed in the case of changes contained therein or in case of change of fire safety requirements.

7 For the objects of protection, operated on the day of entry into force of this Federal Law, the declaration of fire safety is provided no later than one year after the date of its entry into force.

8 Form and procedure for registration of the declaration of fire safety approved by the federal executive body authorized to meet the challenges in the field of fire safety, before the coming into force of this Federal Law.

 

Section II. Fire safety requirements for the design, construction and operation of settlements and urban districts

 

Chapter 15: Fire safety requirements when urban development activities

 

Article 65 Requirements for documentation in the planning areas of settlements and urban districts

Planning and construction of the settlements and urban districts shall be in accordance with the general plans of settlements and urban districts that take into account the fire safety requirements established by this Federal Law. Composition and functional characteristics of systems for fire safety of settlements should be included in the project documentation in the form of “The list of activities to ensure fire safety.”

Article 66 pozharovzryvoopasnyh Accommodation facilities in the territory of settlements and urban districts

1 Hazardous production facilities, are produced, used, processed, produced, stored, transported, destroyed pozharovzryvoopasnosti substances and materials and for which required the development of a declaration of industrial safety (hereinafter – pozharovzryvoopasnosti objects), shall be located outside the boundaries of settlements and urban districts, and if it is impossible or impractical, it should be developed measures to protect people, buildings and structures located outside the territory of pozharovzryvoopasnosti object from the effects of fire hazards, and (or) the explosion. Other production facilities in which there are buildings, structures and buildings in categories A, B and C on the explosion and fire hazard, can be placed both in the territories and outside of settlements and urban districts. In this case, the design value of the fire risk must not exceed the permissible value of fire risk is established by this Federal Law. When placing objects in pozharovzryvoopasnyh boundaries of settlements and urban districts need to consider the possibility of exposure to hazards of fire to neighboring objects of protection, climate and geography, topography, the direction of flow of the rivers and the prevailing wind direction.The distance from the boundaries of the land to the production facility buildings functional classes of danger F1 – F4, land of preschool educational institutions, educational institutions, health care institutions and the rest shall be not less than 50 meters.

Complexes 2 liquefied natural gas should be located downwind of the human settlements. Warehouses of liquefied petroleum gases and flammable liquids shall be outside the residential area of ​​human settlements in the lee of the prevailing wind direction in relation to residential areas. Plots of land for placement of warehouses liquefied petroleum gases and flammable liquids should be located downstream with respect to settlements, the piers, the river station, hydropower, shipbuilding and repair organizations, bridges and structures at a distance of not less than 300 meters away from them, if the federal laws on technical regulations are not established long distances from these structures. Be accommodated warehouses upstream with respect to these facilities at a distance of not less than 3000 meters from them, provided equipment warehouses annunciation and communication, as well as the means of containment and suppression of fires.

3 Buildings Warehouses liquefied petroleum gases and flammable liquids should be placed on the land, with lower levels compared with the marks territories of neighboring localities, organizations and ways of railways shared network. Allowed to place these warehouses on the land, with higher levels in comparison with marks territories of neighboring localities, organizations and ways of railways shared network, at a distance of more than 300 meters away. Warehouses, located at a distance of 100 to 300 meters, provision shall be made (including the second embankment, emergency capacity, branch ducts, trenches) to prevent the spreading of liquid in the residential areas, organizations, and on the way the railways shared network.

4 Within the areas of residential buildings, public and business zones and recreational facilities settlements and urban districts are allowed to post production facilities in the territories that do not have buildings and structures in categories A, B and C on the explosion and fire hazard.The distance from the boundaries of the land to the production facility of residential buildings, buildings of preschool educational institutions, educational institutions, health care institutions and the rest is set in accordance with the requirements of this Federal Law.

5 If you can not eliminate the impact on people and residential buildings hazards of fire and explosion on pozharovzryvoopasnyh facilities located within the area of ​​residential development, should provide power reduction, re-organization or individual relocation of production or organization outside the residential area.

Article 67: Walkways, driveways and entrances to buildings, facilities and buildings

1 Entrance fire trucks should be provided:

1) with two longitudinal sides – to the buildings of multifamily housing height of 28 meters or more (9 or more floors), to other buildings for permanent residence and temporary stay of people, buildings, entertainment and cultural and educational institutions, public service organizations, educational institutions , hospitals stationary type, research and design organizations, government agencies height of 18 meters or more (6 or more stories);

2) from all directions – to the buildings in one unit multi-family housing, educational institutions, pre-school educational institutions, hospitals with a hospital, research and design organizations, government agencies.

2 For buildings, construction and structures of production facilities throughout their length shall be provided with entrance fire trucks:

1) on the one hand – and a width of buildings, structures or buildings not more than 18 meters;

2) on both sides – with a width of buildings, structures or buildings more than 18 meters, as well as the device enclosed and semi-yards.

3 is allowed to provide locked fire trucks on one side only to buildings, structures and buildings in the following cases:

1) lower-rise than those specified in paragraph 1 of Part 1 of this article;

2) double-sided orientation flats or premises;

3) external devices open stairways connecting loggias and balconies adjacent floors with each other, or stair type 3 at the corridor layout of buildings.

4 For buildings with a building area of ​​more than 10, 000 square meters and a width of over 100 meters staircase fire vehicles shall be provided on all sides.

5 is allowed to increase the distance from the edge of the carriageway of the road near to the walls of industrial buildings and structures up to 60 meters, provided the device deadlock roads to these buildings and buildings with playgrounds for reversal of fire fighting equipment and the device at these areas of fire hydrants. The distance from the industrial buildings and structures to the grounds for a reversal of fire fighting equipment must be at least 5 but not more than 15 meters, and the distance between the dead-end roads should be no more than 100 meters.

6 Width of driveways for fire fighting equipment must be at least 6 meters.

7 The total width of fire travel, combined with the main entrance to the building, construction and structures shall be permitted to include the sidewalk adjacent to the drive.

8 The distance from the inner edge of the entrance to the wall of the building, construction and structure should be:

1) for buildings with no more than 28 meters – no more than 8 meters;

2) for buildings with more than 28 meters – no more than 16 meters.

9 Construction of pavement driveways for fire fighting equipment must be designed for the load of fire-fighting vehicles.

10 In enclosed and semi-yards necessary to provide passages for fire vehicles.

11 through passage (arch) in buildings, structures and buildings shall be a minimum width of 3.5 meters with a height of 4.5 meters and be located no more than every 300 meters, and in the reconstructed areas at building perimeter – not more than 180 meters.

12 In the historical building of settlements is allowed to retain existing sizes of through passages (arches).

13 Dead-end driveways must end grounds for reversal of fire equipment size not less than 15 ‘to 15 meters. The maximum length of a dead-end travel shall not exceed 150 meters.

Through 14 passes through the stairwells in buildings, structures and buildings should be located at a distance of not more than 100 meters from each other. When abutting buildings and structures at an angle to each other is taken into account distance from the perimeter of the external water supply with fire hydrants.

15 When using the roof of the stylobate to the entrance of fire engineering design of the stylobate must be designed for the load of fire-fighting vehicles not less than 16 tons per axle.

16: By the rivers and water bodies should be possible entrance for water intake fire equipment in accordance with the regulatory requirements for fire safety.

17 Planning solution of low-rise residential buildings (up to 3 floors inclusive) shall ensure that locked fire fighting equipment to buildings, structures and buildings at a distance of not more than 50 meters.

18 On the territory of the horticultural, gardening and dacha non-profit association of citizens should be provided locked fire equipment to all garden plots, combined into groups, and objects of common use. On the territory of the horticultural, gardening and dacha non-profit association of citizens carriageway width of streets must be at least 7 meters, driveways – not less than 3.5 meters.

Article 68: Fire water settlements and urban districts

1 In the territories of settlements and urban districts should be sources of indoor or outdoor fire water supply.

2 The sources of outdoor fire water supply include:

1) external water mains with fire hydrants;

2) bodies of water used for fire-fighting purposes in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

3 settlements and urban districts shall be equipped with fire-fighting water supply. In this case, fire main is allowed to combine with domestic and drinking water supply or production.

4 In villages and urban districts with a population of up to 5000 people, detached public buildings of up to 1,000 cubic meters, located in the settlements and urban districts which do not have the ring of fire-fighting water supply, industrial buildings with productions of categories B, D and E on the fire and explosion hazard and fire danger at a flow rate of water on the outer fire fighting 10 liters per second, warehouses roughage of up to 1,000 cubic meters, warehouses fertilizer up to 5000 cubic meters in buildings radio and television broadcasting stations, buildings, refrigerators and storage of fruits and vegetables are allowed to provide as sources outdoor fire water supply, natural or artificial reservoirs.

5 not allowed to provide water supply for external fire fighting in settlements with a population of up to 50 people at building buildings up to 2 floors, as well as free-standing, located outside the settlement organizations catering for a volume of buildings up to 1000 cubic meters and trade organizations with an area of ​​up to 150 square meters, public buildings I, II, III and IV degrees of fire resistance of up to 250 cubic meters, located in the settlements, industrial buildings I and II degrees of fire resistance of up to 1,000 cubic meters (except for buildings with metal or exposed wooden bearing structure, and also with polymer insulation up to 250 cubic meters) of category A from the fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard, seasonal universal priemozagotovitelnyh paragraphs agricultural products with the volume of buildings up to 1000 cubic meters, a warehouse building area of ​​50 square meters.

6 Water consumption for external fire fighting in the settlements of the water supply system installed in Tables 7 and 8 of Annex hereto.

7 Water consumption for external fire fighting buildings, height or amount is greater than the height or volume specified in Table 8 of the annex hereto, as well as public buildings of over 25,000 cubic meters of the massive presence of people should be increased by at least 25 percent.

8 Water consumption for external fire fighting one-and two-story single-storey production facilities and warehouse buildings with no more than 18 meters with bearing steel structures and cladding structures of steel or asbestos-cement profiled sheets with combustible or with polymer insulators should be made ​​at 10 liters per second, more regulations specified in Tables 9 and 10 of the annex hereto.

9 Water consumption for external fire fighting detached accessory buildings industrial facilities should be in accordance with Table 8 of Annex hereto for public buildings, and built-in industrial buildings – on the total amount of the building in accordance with Table 9 of the Annex hereto .

10 Water consumption for external fire fighting forest warehouses with capacity up to 10 000 cubic meters should be in accordance with Table 9 of the annex hereto, relating them to the fire resistance of building V category B fire and explosion hazard.

11 Water consumption for external fire fighting building radio and television broadcasting stations, regardless of the size of buildings and the number of people living in settlements should be not less than 15 liters per second, if in accordance with the tables 9 and 10 of the annex to the present Federal law does not require much water flow. These requirements do not apply to radio and television repeaters installed on existing and planned facilities of communication.

12 Water consumption for external fire fighting buildings, the amount of which is more than what is listed in Tables 9 and 10 of the Annex hereto shall be established by regulations of the Fire Safety, adopted in accordance with Article 4 hereof.

13 In the high-pressure water pipe stationary fire pumps shall be fitted with devices to ensure starting of pumps, no later than 5 minutes after the alarm of fire occurrence.

14 Minimum free head in the fire line, low pressure (at ground level) for fire must be at least 10 meters.

15 Minimum free head in the fire line should provide a high-pressure jet compact height of not less than 20 meters at full flow of water on the fire fighting and fire barrel location at the highest point of the tallest building.

16 The installation of fire hydrants shall be provided along the roads at a distance of no more than 2.5 meters from the edge of the roadway, but not less than 5 meters from the walls of buildings, fire hydrants may be placed on the roadway. However, the installation of fire hydrants on the branch of the waterline is not allowed.

17 Placement of fire hydrants on water mains shall provide fire fighting any served by the network buildings, structures or parts thereof from at least two hydrants at a flow rate of water in the external fire fighting and more than 15 liters per second, at a rate of less than 15 liters of water per second – 1 hydrant.

18 In order to ensure fire fighting common areas of gardening, gardening and dacha non-profit association of citizens should be provided fire ponds or tanks with a capacity of not less than 25 cubic meters when the number of sites to 300 and not less than 60 cubic meters at sites including more than 300 (each with golf installation of fire fighting equipment, with the possibility of water intake pumps and organization porch at least 2 fire trucks).

Chapter 16: Requirements for fire protection distances between buildings, structures and buildings

 

Article 69: Fire safety distance between the buildings, structures and buildings

1 Fire distances between residential, public and administrative buildings, buildings, constructions and buildings of industrial organizations, depending on the degree of fire resistance class and their structural fire hazard should be taken in accordance with Table 11 of the annex hereto.

2 Fire safety distance between the buildings and structures are defined as the distance between the outer walls or other structures of buildings and structures. In the presence of protruding more than 1 meter of buildings, facilities and structures made of combustible materials, should be the distance between these structures.

3 Fire safety distance between the walls of buildings and structures without window openings may be reduced by 20 per cent, provided the device roof of noncombustible materials, except for buildings IV and V degrees of fire resistance of buildings and structural fire danger classes C2 and C3.

4 is allowed to reduce the distance between the fire protection of buildings and structures of I and II degree of fire resistance of structural fire danger class C0 50 per cent when the equipment more than 40 percent of the premises of each of the buildings, structures and buildings by automatic fire extinguishing.

5 In areas with seismic 9 points and more fire distance between residential buildings, as well as between residential and public buildings IV and V degrees of fire resistance should be increased by 20 percent.

6 Fire distance from buildings and structures of any degree of fire resistance to buildings and structures IV and V degrees of fire resistance in the coastal strip of width 100 km or to the nearest mountain range in climate subareas IB, IG, IIA and IIB should be increased by 25 per cent .

7 Fire safety distance between residential buildings IV and V degrees of fire resistance to climatic subareas IA, IB, IG, IN ID and IIA should be increased by 50 percent.

8 For two-story buildings and buildings framing and panel construction V degree of fire resistance, as well as buildings and structures with a roof of combustible materials fire distances should be increased by 20 percent.

9 Fire safety distance between the buildings and structures of I and II degrees of fire resistance may be reduced to 3.5 meters, provided that the wall higher buildings, structures and buildings, located opposite to the other buildings, structures and buildings, is a fire type 1 .

10 Fire safety distance from a single, semi-detached dwelling houses and outbuildings (barns, garages, saunas) on household plots to residential houses and outbuildings on the neighboring homestead plots should be in accordance with Table 11 of the annex hereto. Allowed to decrease to 6 meters distance between fire these types of buildings, provided that the walls of the buildings facing each other, do not have window frames are made of non-combustible materials or subjected to fire protection, and the roof and cornices are made of non-combustible materials.

11 The minimum distance from the fire of residential, public and commercial buildings (classes of functional fire hazard F1, F2, F3, F4) I and II degrees of fire resistance to industrial and warehouse buildings and structures (class of functional fire hazard F5) must be not less than 9 meters (up to class buildings functional fire hazard F5 and structural fire danger classes C2, C3 – 15 meters), III degree of fire resistance – 12 meters, IV and V degrees of fire resistance – 15 meters. Distance from residential, public and commercial buildings (classes of functional fire hazard F1, F2, F3, F4) IV and V degrees of fire resistance to industrial and warehouse buildings and structures (class of functional fire hazard F5) should be 18 meters. For these buildings III degree of fire resistance of the distance between them should be at least 12 meters.

12 Placement of temporary buildings, kiosks, stalls, sheds and other such structures shall be in accordance with the requirements set out in Table 11 of the annex hereto.

13 Fire safety distance between the blind end walls having a fire resistance rating of not less than 150 REI, buildings and structures I – III degrees of fire resistance, except buildings of preschool educational institutions, hospitals stationary type (class of functional fire hazard F1.1, F4 .1), and multi-tier parking garage with passive movement of vehicles not regulated.

14 Sites for storage containers must have a fence and located at a distance of not less than 15 meters away from buildings and structures.

15 Fire safety distance from the boundaries of development of urban settlements to forests must be at least 50 meters, and from the borders of urban development and rural settlements with a single, two-story buildings to individual forests – not less than 15 meters.

Article 70: Fire safety distance from buildings and structures warehouses of oil and petroleum products to neighboring facilities to protect them

1 Fire distance from buildings and structures in categories A, B and C on the explosion and fire hazard in the territories of the warehouses of oil and petroleum products to neighboring facilities to protect them should be in accordance with Table 12 of the Annex hereto.

2 The distances specified in Table 12 of the Annex hereto in brackets should be taken to warehouses category II with a total capacity of more than 50 000 cubic meters. Distances specified in Table 12 of the Annex hereto shall be determined:

1) between the buildings, structures and buildings – as the clear distance between the outer walls of buildings or structures, buildings and structures;

2) from LOADING devices – from the axis of the railway track from LOADING BAY;

3) from the sites (open and under the eaves) LOADING devices for automotive tanks , pumps, packaging – from the borders of these areas;

4) the technological platforms and the pipelines - from the extreme of the pipeline;

5) from flares – from the trunk flare.

3 Fire distance from buildings and structures warehouses of oil and petroleum products to the open areas of occurrence of peat may be reduced to twice the distance specified in Table 12 of the Annex hereto, subject to the occurrence of filling open peat layer of soil thickness not less than 0, 5 meters within half the distance of the buildings and structures of warehouses of oil and petroleum products.

4 When placing warehouses for storage of oil and oil products in the forests if their construction is due to deforestation, the distance to the forest conifers may be halved, while along the border of the forest around the warehouse shall be provided plowed strip of land with a minimum width 5 meters.

5 When placing the tank farms of oil and oil products on the sites having higher marks compared with marks of the territory of neighboring localities, organizations and ways of railways common network, located at a distance of 200 meters from the tank farm, as well as the placement of warehouses and oil oil on the river banks at a distance of 200 meters or less from the water’s edge (at maximum) should include additional measures to exclude the possibility of an accident tanks oil spill in the residential areas, organizations, on the way railways shared network or in a reservoir. Storage areas of oil and petroleum products must be protected purged fence of noncombustible materials with a minimum height of 2 meters.

6 Fire distance from homes and public buildings to warehouses of oil and oil products with a capacity of up to 2,000 cubic meters, located in the boiler, to diesel power plants and other energy facilities serving residential and public buildings, facilities and structures shall be not less than the distances shown in Table 13 of the annex hereto.

7 Categories warehouses of oil and petroleum products are determined in accordance with Table 14 of the Annex hereto.

Article 71: Fire safety distance from buildings and structures adjacent to gas stations with them objects to be protected

1 When placing the filling stations in the territories of settlements fire distance to be determined from the walls of the tanks ( vessels ) for fuel storage and emergency reservoirs, ground equipment, which draws fuel and (or) its pair of respiratory valves underground fuel storage tanks and emergency tanks, fuel and housing of the dispenser and the dispenser of liquefied petroleum gas or compressed natural gas, from the border areas for tankers and technological wells, from the walls of the technological equipment of treatment facilities, from the borders of areas for parking of vehicles, from the outer walls of buildings and structures, construction and structures of gas stations with the equipment, in which there are fuel or vapors:

1) to the land boundaries of preschool educational institutions, educational institutions, educational institutions providing residential, hospitals stationary type, single-family residential buildings;

2) to windows or doors (for residential and public buildings).

2 Fire safety distance from gas stations motor fuel to neighboring facilities must meet the requirements specified in Table 15 of the annex hereto. The total capacity of above-ground tanks of petrol stations to be placed in the residential areas should not exceed 40 cubic meters.

3 when using petrol stations near a large forest and distance to the forest of coniferous and mixed breeds may be halved, while along the borders of the forest and the surrounding area gas stations must be provided by ground-based coating made of materials that do not propagate a flame on its surface or plowed strip of land with a minimum width of 5 meters.

4 when using petrol stations near the planting of crops, which may spread the flame along the adjoining plantation boundaries filling stations must be provided by ground-based coating made of materials that do not propagate a flame on its surface, or a plowed strip of land with a minimum width of 5 meters.

5 Fire safety distance from gas stations with underground storage tanks of liquid fuel to the land boundaries of preschool educational institutions, educational institutions, educational institutions, boarding, medical institutions stationary type must be at least 50 meters.

Article 72: Fire safety distance from the garage and outdoor parking lots adjacent to them objects to be protected

1 Fire safety distance from the collective land and land-underground garages, public parking on the territories of organized settlements and auto service stations to homes and public buildings and structures, as well as to the land of pre-school educational institutions, educational institutions and medical institutions fixed-type settlements in the territories should not be less than the distances listed in Table 16 of the Annex hereto.

2 Fire safety distance must be determined from the windows of houses and public buildings, structures and buildings and land boundaries of pre-school educational institutions, educational institutions and medical facilities with stationary type to garage walls or boundaries of an open parking space.

3 Fire-sectional distance from residential buildings to open spaces, to be placed along the longitudinal facades, with a capacity of 101 – 300 cars must be at least 50 meters.

4 For garages I and II degrees of fire resistance distances specified in Table 16 of the Annex hereto, may be reduced by 25 per cent in the absence of open windows in garages and entrances oriented toward the houses and public buildings.

Article 73: Fire safety distance from the tanks of liquefied petroleum gas to buildings and structures

1 Fire safety distance from the tanks of liquefied petroleum gas to be placed in a warehouse, with a total capacity of up to 10 000 cubic meters in storage under pressure or up to 40 000 cubic meters in storage isothermal method to other objects as members of the organization, as well as disposable outside the organization, are given in Table 17 of the annex hereto.

2 Fire safety distance from a free-standing LOADING BAY to neighboring buildings, residential houses and public buildings, facilities and structures are taken as the distance from the tanks of liquefied petroleum gases and flammable liquids under pressure.

3 Fire safety distance from the tanks of liquefied petroleum gas to be placed in a warehouse, with a total capacity of 10 000 to 20 000 cubic meters in storage under pressure or capacity from 40 000 to 60 000 cubic meters in storage isothermal method in the above-ground storage tanks with a capacity of 40 or 000 to 100 000 cubic meters in storage isothermal method in underground tanks and other objects are located both on the territory of the organization and outside its territory, are given in Table 18 of the annex hereto.

Article 74: Fire safety distance from gas pipelines, oil pipelines, oil pipelines, condensate to nearby objects to be protected

1 Fire safety distance from the axis of underground and overground (embankments) trunk, field and local gas distribution pipelines, oil pipelines, oil pipelines and condensate to the settlements, individual industrial and agricultural organizations, buildings and structures, as well as compressor stations, gas distribution stations , pumping stations to the settlements, industrial and agricultural organizations, buildings and structures shall conform to the minimum distance set by federal law on technical regulations for these objects, depending on the operating pressure, the diameter, the degree of responsibility of objects, and for pipelines liquefied petroleum gas as the terrain, the type and properties of the pumped liquefied petroleum gases.

2 Fire safety distance from the reservoir units of liquefied petroleum gas intended for hydrocarbon gas consumers using gas as fuel, apart from the extreme tank to buildings, structures, buildings and communications, are shown in Tables 19 and 20 of the annex hereto.

3 When installing 2 tanks of liquefied petroleum gas unit with a capacity of 50 cubic meters of distance from the fire of buildings and structures (residential, public, industrial), non-gas filling stations are allowed to reduce the above-ground storage tanks up to 100 meters underground – to 50 meters.

4 Fire safety distance from overhead tanks to places at the same time may be more than 800 people (stadiums, markets, parks, residential buildings), as well as to land boundaries of pre-school educational institutions, educational institutions and hospitals stationary type should be increased by two times compared with the distances specified in Table 20 of the annex hereto, regardless of the number of seats.

Article 75: Fire safety distance within gardens, cottage and household plots

1 Fire away from the business and residential buildings on the territory of the garden, cottage and household plot to the forest must be at least 15 meters.

2 Fire safety distance between the dwelling house and outbuildings, as well as between the outbuildings within a garden, cottage or household plot are not standardized.

3 Fire safety distance from the farm buildings, located on a garden, a cottage or backyard area, adjacent to the home land, as well as between the apartment buildings adjacent land should be in accordance with Table 11 of the annex hereto.

4 is allowed to classify and block residential buildings or houses on 2 neighboring garden plots with a single row building and 4 adjacent garden plots with a double row building. In this case, the distance between the fire-residential buildings or residential buildings in each group are not standardized, and the minimum distance between the extreme residential buildings or residential houses groups of houses are listed in Table 11 of the annex hereto.

Chapter 17, General requirements for fire safety for settlements and urban districts to deploy fire departments

 

Article 76: Fire safety requirements for the placement of fire protection units in the settlements and urban districts

Location 1 fire departments in the territories of settlements and urban districts determined from the condition that the time of arrival of the first units to place a call in urban areas and urban districts shall not exceed 10 minutes and in rural areas – 20 minutes.

2 fire departments settlements should be located in buildings of fire stations.

3 The procedure and method of determining the locations of the fire departments in the territories of settlements and urban districts established by normative documents on fire safety.

Article 77: Fire safety requirements for fire station

1 fire station should be placed on the land, with visits to the main streets or roads citywide importance. The area of ​​land, depending on the type of fire station is determined by the terms of reference for the design.

2 Distance from the borders of the fire station to the public and residential buildings must be at least 15 meters, and the land boundaries of pre-school educational institutions, educational institutions and medical facilities with permanent – at least 30 meters.

3 fire station must be located in an area with a space from the red line to the front-out fire-fighting vehicles not less than 15 meters, to fire stations II, IV and V types specified distance may be reduced to 10 meters.

4 Composition of buildings and structures placed on the territory of the fire station, the area of ​​buildings and structures are determined by the terms of reference for the design.

5 The territory of the fire station should have two entry (exit). The width of the gate at the entrance (exit) must be at least 4.5 meters.

6 Roads and sites on the territory of the fire station should have a solid surface.

7 roadway and the sidewalk in front of visiting the site of the fire station should be equipped with traffic lights and (or) light pointer with an acoustic signal, which allows to stop the movement of vehicles and pedestrians during checkout fire trucks out of the garage alarm. Enabling and disabling traffic lights can also be carried out remotely from the point of contact of fire protection.

Section III. Fire safety requirements for the design, construction and operation of buildings and structures

 

Chapter 18: General requirements for fire safety in the design, construction and operation of buildings and structures

 

Article 78 Requirements for the project documentation for construction projects

1 Project documentation for buildings, structures, buildings, building construction, engineering equipment and construction materials should contain fire-technical characteristics, contemplated hereby.

2 For buildings, buildings for which there is no statutory fire safety requirements, based on the requirements of this Federal Law shall be developed specific technical specifications, reflecting the specific provision of fire safety and containing a set of necessary engineering and technical and organizational measures to ensure fire safety .

Article 79 The standard value of fire risk to buildings and structures

1 Individual fire risk in buildings, structures and buildings shall not exceed the value of one million per year, with the placement of the individual in the most remote from the exit of the building, construction and structure point.

2 The risk of death caused by exposure to fire hazards should be determined taking into account the functioning of the systems to ensure fire safety of buildings and structures.

Article 80: Fire safety requirements for the design, renovation and change of the functional purpose of buildings and structures

1 Design, space planning and engineering solutions for buildings, facilities and structures should ensure that in the event of fire:

1) evacuation to a safe area to harm their life and health due to exposure to fire hazards;

2) the possibility of measures to save lives;

3) the ability to access the personnel of the fire protection and fire fighting equipment delivery in any room of buildings and structures;

4) the possibility for fire extinguishers in the seat of the fire;

5) Non-proliferation of fire to adjacent buildings, structures and buildings.

2 In the buildings, structures and premises buildings in categories A and B of the explosion and fire hazard shall be located at the outer walls, and in multi-storey buildings, structures and buildings – on the upper floors, except as specified in the technical regulations for these facilities.

3 If you change the functionality of buildings, structures, buildings or individual rooms in them, as well as a change of space-planning and design solutions should be ensured the implementation of fire safety requirements established in accordance with this Federal Law with regard to the appointment of these new buildings, structures , structures or premises.

Chapter 19: Requirements for the composition and functional characteristics of systems for fire safety of buildings and structures

 

Article 81 Requirements for the functional characteristics of systems for fire safety of buildings and structures

1 Functional characteristics of systems for fire safety of buildings and structures shall comply with the requirements of this Federal Law.

2 The value of individual fire risk in buildings, structures and buildings crowded with people, buildings, structures and high-rise buildings, as well as in buildings, structures and buildings with the presence of children and persons with reduced mobility should be provided in the first place a system to prevent fire and complex organizational and technical measures.

3 Fire protection of buildings and structures must be capable of evacuation to a safe area before the limit values ​​of fire hazards.

4 Functional characteristics of systems for fire safety of buildings and structures, as well as the engineering equipment of buildings and structures are determined in accordance with the federal law on technical regulations for data objects and (or) normative documents on fire safety.

Article 82: Fire safety requirements for electrical installations of buildings, structures and buildings

1 Electrical installations of buildings and structures shall comply with the class of fire and explosion hazard zone in which they are installed, as well as the category and group of the combustible mixture.

2 Cables and wires, fire protection systems, means of support of the fire departments, fire detection, warning and evacuation in case of fire, emergency lighting on escape routes, emergency ventilation and smoke protection, automatic fire suppression, internal fire water system, lifts for the transport of fire departments in buildings, structures and buildings should continue to operate in a fire during the time required for complete evacuation to a safe area.

3 cables from transformer substations standby power to the input switching must be laid in separate channels or have a fire-resistant fire protection.

4 lines of power supply facilities of buildings and structures shall be capable of breakers to prevent the occurrence of fire at fault for power consumers. Installation rules and parameters of protective devices must take into account the fire safety requirements established in accordance with this Federal Law.

5 Switchboards shall be designed to preclude the distribution of combustion outside the shield of the low-current power compartment and vice versa.

6 cabling and wiring of switchboards of floor space to be carried out in the channels of non-combustible building structures or planed fittings that meet the requirements of fire safety.

7 Horizontal and vertical channels for laying electric cables and wires in buildings, structures and buildings should be protected from the spread of fire. In places where the conduits, ducts, cables and wires through the building structures with controlled fire-resistance rating shall be provided cable penetrations with fire not less than the fire resistance of the structures.

8 cable, laid open, must be self-extinguishing.

9 Emergency lighting on escape routes with independent power sources should be provided with devices to test their performance under simulated off the main power source. The life of the independent power supply must provide emergency lighting for escape routes within the estimated time of evacuation to a safe area.

10 Electrical equipment without pozharovzryvozaschity funds shall not be used in hazardous, explosive and combustible areas of buildings and structures that do not have aimed at eliminating the danger of ignition source in flammable environment, additional measures.

11.-incendive electrical equipment shall not be used in the explosion and fire hazardous areas.

12 Explosion-proof electrical equipment may be used in fire and non- combustible areas, and in hazardous locations – subject to compliance with the categories and groups of explosive mixtures in the room kind of explosion protection.

13 Rules for the Implementation of electrical equipment in relation to its explosion and fire risk in buildings, structures and buildings for various purposes, as well as indicators of fire hazard electrical equipment and methods for their determination are set by federal law on technical regulations for these products and (or) normative documents on fire security.

Article 83: Requirements for automatic fire extinguishing systems and fire alarm systems

1 Automatic fire-extinguishing and fire alarm system should be installed in buildings, structures and buildings in accordance with the design documentation developed and approved in the prescribed manner. Automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be provided with:

1) The calculated amount of extinguishing agent sufficient to eliminate a fire in the protected space, buildings or structure;

2) a device for control of the operational unit;

3) the device to alert people about the fire, and the staff on duty and (or) fire brigade about the place of its origin;

4) a means to delay the release of gas and powder fire extinguishers for the time needed to evacuate people from the premises of a fire;

5) for manual start fire extinguishing.

2 Method of extinguishing agent in the seat of the fire should not lead to an increase in the area of ​​fire due to the spill, dispersing or spraying flammable materials and for the extraction of combustible and toxic gases.

3 In the project documentation for the installation of automatic fire extinguishers shall be provided to dispose of the extinguishing agent from the premises, buildings, structures or buildings after its submission.

4 Automatic fire-extinguishing and fire alarm systems shall provide automatic fire detection, supplying control signals to the technical means of fire warning and evacuation, fire-fighting equipment management, facilities management system, smoke protection, engineering, and manufacturing equipment.

5 Automatic fire alarm system must provide information to staff on duty about finding fault lines and means of fire warning and evacuation, control fire protection systems, control units, fire-fighting.

6 Detectors and driving force, automatic fire extinguishers, fire alarm systems must be located in the protected area so as to ensure the timely detection of a fire in any part of the premises.

7 Fire alarm systems must be capable of providing a visual and audible signal to fire on the receiving-control device in the duty room staff or special remote pager.

8 Fire Alarm control panels, as a rule, be installed in rooms with non-stop stay duty personnel. You can install these devices in areas without staff, leading-hour duty, while providing separate sending all the fire and a fault in the room with the staff, leading-hour duty, and providing control channel message transmission.

9 Manual call points must be installed on the escape routes in places accessible to their inclusion in the event of a fire.

10 Requirements for the design of automatic fire suppression and automatic fire alarm system shall be established by this Federal Law and (or) normative documents on fire safety.

Article 84: Fire safety requirements for systems of fire warning and evacuation of buildings, structures and buildings

1 fire warning, evacuation control and ensure their safe evacuation in case of fire in buildings, structures and buildings should be carried out by one of the following methods or a combination of the following methods:

1) supply of light, sound and (or) voice signals in all rooms with the permanent or temporary presence of people;

2) Broadcast specially designed texts to evacuate, evacuation routes, direction of travel, and other activities that keep people safe and prevent panic in case of fire;

3) placement and maintenance of lighting signs fire safety escape routes within the prescribed time;

4) including evacuation (emergency) lighting;

5) keyless door locks emergency exits;

6) providing communications fire post (dispatch) from areas of fire warning;

7) other methods to ensure the evacuation.

2 The information transmitted by the system of fire warning and evacuation, must comply with the information contained in the developed and placed on each floor of buildings, structures and buildings plans to evacuate people.

3 fire detectors installed in the facility must provide unambiguous information to people about the fire during the evacuation time, as well as the issuance of additional information, the lack of which can lead to a reduced level of safety of people.

4 At any point of the protected object where you want to alert people about the fire, the volume formed by the sound of sirens and speech, should be above the permissible level of noise. Speech sounders must be arranged so that at any point of the protected object, where a fire warning, protect the intelligibility of the transmitted speech information. Strobes should provide information in the perception of contrast range characteristic of the protected object.

5 If you divide a building, structure or building on the zone of fire warning need to be developed sequence of the fire warning people in different areas of the building, structure or building.

Dimensions 6 alarm zones, a special sequence of fire warning and time of fire warning in some areas should be defined on the basis of conditions to ensure the safe evacuation of people in case of fire.

7 Systems of fire warning and evacuation must operate for the time required to complete the evacuation of the building, structure, structure.

8 Means, used for fire warning and evacuation of buildings, structures, buildings in case of fire, must be designed to meet the health and age of the evacuated people.

9 Beeps fire warning should be different in tone from the audio signals for other purposes.

10 Sound and voice devices of fire warning should not have any detachable devices, ability to adjust the volume level, and must be connected to the mains, as well as other means of communication. Communication systems, fire warning and evacuation may be combined with a radio transmission network buildings, structures and buildings.

11 Systems of fire warning and evacuation must be equipped with an uninterruptible power supply.

Article 85 Requirements to smoke protection of buildings and structures

1 Depending on space planning and design solutions of the system of supply and exhaust smoke ventilation of buildings and structures should be carried out with natural or mechanical means of motivation. Regardless of the method of motivation system of supply and exhaust smoke ventilation shall be automatic and remote manual gear actuators and devices, smoke ventilation. Space-planning decisions of buildings and structures should prevent the spread of combustion products outside the room of fire, fire compartment and (or) fire section.

2 Depending on the functionality and space-planning and design solutions for buildings, structures and buildings in them should be provided supply and exhaust smoke ventilation or exhaust smoke ventilation.

3: Use ventilation to expel the products of combustion outside the buildings and structures without the device natural or mechanical ventilation exhaust smoke is not allowed. Device is not permitted general systems for the protection of areas with different classes of functional fire hazard.

4 exhaust smoke ventilation must be capable of removing the products of combustion in the fire directly from the room of fire, corridors and halls on the escape routes.

5 Ventilation systems, smoke protection of buildings and structures should ensure the air supply and pressurisation in areas related to the placement of the fire, on the stairwells, elevator lobbies and air locks.

6 Design and characteristics of the elements of smoke protection of buildings and structures, depending on the purpose of the smoke protection should ensure trouble-free operation of supply and exhaust systems, smoke ventilation during the time required for evacuation to a safe area, or throughout the duration of the fire.

7 Automatic drive actuators and devices, systems supply and exhaust smoke ventilation of buildings and structures should be carried out at operation of automatic fire extinguishers and fire alarm systems.

8 Remote hand drive actuators and devices, systems supply and exhaust smoke ventilation of buildings and structures should be carried out starting from the elements located at emergency exits and fire stations on the premises or in the premises of the dispatch staff.

9 When the supply and exhaust systems, smoke ventilation of buildings, structures and buildings in case of fire should be mandatory shutdown systems and technological obshcheobmennoj ventilation and air conditioning (with the exception of systems providing process safety facilities).

10 Simultaneous automatic aerosol, powder or gas fire and smoke ventilation systems, indoor fire is not allowed.

11 Requirements for the composition, its design, fire-technical characteristics, features and the use of the switching sequence of elements of supply and exhaust smoke ventilation of buildings and structures according to their functionality and space-planning and design solutions established by the present Federal Law.

Article 86 Requirements for Inland fire water supply

1 Internal fire main should provide normative consumption of water for extinguishing fires in buildings, structures and buildings.

2 Internal fire main equipped with internal fire hydrants in an amount to achieve the purposes of fire-fighting.

3 Requirements for Inland fire water supply set normative documents on fire safety.

Article 87 Requirements for fire resistance and fire hazard buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments

1 The fire resistance of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments must be installed according to their heights, class of functional fire hazard area fire compartment and the fire hazard occurring in these processes.

2 Fire resistance of structures shall conform to the highest degree of fire resistance of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments. Compliance with the fire resistance of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments and fire resistance used in these constructions are given in Table 21 of the annex hereto.

3 Fire resistance fill openings (doors, gates, windows and hatches), as well as lamps, including anti-aircraft and other areas of translucent flooring coatings are not standardized, except fill openings in fire barriers.

4. nezadymlyaemyh stairwells type H1 are allowed to provide landings and marches with fire R15 fire danger class K0.

5 Class structural fire hazard buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments must be installed according to their heights, class of functional fire hazard area fire compartment and the fire hazard occurring in these processes.

6 Fire hazard class of structures shall conform to the accepted class of structural fire hazard buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments. Match-class structural fire hazard buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments class of fire hazard used in these constructions are given in Table 22 of the Annex hereto.

7 Fire danger fill openings in the building envelope, structures, buildings (doors, gates, windows and hatches) is not specified, except for openings in fire barriers.

8 For buildings and structures class functional fire hazard F1.1 should apply the system of external insulation of fire danger class K0.

9 Fire resistance and fire danger classes of building structures should be determined in a standard test according to the procedures specified in regulatory documents on fire safety.

10 Fire resistance and fire danger classes of structures that are similar in form, materials, the design of the building structure, which has passed fire tests may be influenced by the settlement and the analytical method specified in the regulatory documents on fire safety.

Article 88: Requirements for limiting the spread of fire in buildings, structures, buildings, fire compartments

1 Parts of buildings, structures, buildings, fire compartments, as well as rooms of various classes of functional fire hazard should be separated by a walling normalized outside fire classes and structural fire hazard or fire barriers. Requirements for these types of protective structures and fire barriers are set to reflect the classes of functional fire hazard premises, the value of the fire load, the fire resistance of structural and class of fire hazard buildings, structures, buildings, fire compartment.

2 Fire resistance and types of structures that perform the function of fire barriers, the corresponding types of fill openings and air locks are shown in Table 23 of the annex hereto.

3 Fire resistance for the respective types of fill openings in fire barriers are given in Table 24 of the annex hereto.

4 Requirements to elements of air locks of different types are shown in Table 25 of the annex hereto.

5 Fire walls should be erected to the full height of the building, construction, structure, and ensure non-proliferation of fire in an adjacent fire compartment, including the unilateral collapse of buildings, facilities, structures on the part of the fire.

6 Places interface fire walls, ceilings and partitions with other building envelope, structures, buildings, fire compartment must have a fire-resistance rating not less than the fire resistance of mating barriers.

7 Design places conjugation fire walls with other walls of buildings and structures must exclude the possibility of a fire spreading to bypass these obstacles.

Windows 8 in fire barriers shall be capable of being opened and the fire doors and gates should have a self-closing device. Fire doors, gates, curtains, covers and valves which can be operated in the open position shall be equipped with devices to ensure their automatic closing in case of fire.

9 Total area of ​​openings in fire barriers shall not exceed 25 per cent of their area.

10. fire barriers separating spaces of category A and B from the premises of other categories, corridors, stairwells and elevator lobbies shall be provided with air locks with a constant air overpressure. Device common air locks for two or more adjacent compartments in categories A and B are not allowed.

11 If it is impossible device air locks in fire barriers separating spaces of category A and B from the other premises, or fire doors, gates, shutters, hatches and valves in fire barriers separating spaces of category in other rooms should include a set of measures to prevent the spread of fire to adjacent floors and in adjacent rooms.

12 openings in fire barriers that can not be closed fire doors or gates, for communication between adjacent spaces of category C or D and spaces of category A shall be a device open porches equipped with automatic fire extinguishing installations, or to be installed instead of the fire doors and gates curtains, screens. Walling of these vestibules must be fire.

13 Fire doors, gates, hatches and valves should provide normative significance limits of fire resistance of these structures. Fireproof curtains and screens must be made of materials of flammability NG.

14 is not allowed to cross the fire walls and ceilings of type 1 channels, mines and pipelines for the transport of flammable gases, dust-air mixtures, liquids, and other substances and materials. At the intersections of fire barriers channels, mines and pipelines for the transport of substances and materials other than those mentioned above, with the exception of channels smoke protection systems, should include automatic devices to prevent the spread of combustion products through the channels, mines and pipelines.

15 Walling elevator shafts located outside stairwell and elevator machinery space (except those stored on the roof), as well as channels and pits for the construction of communications must comply with the requirements of the fire wall type 1 and overlaps the third type. Fire-resistance rating walling between the elevator shaft and elevator machine room is not standardized.

16 Doorways in the fences elevator shafts with their exits in corridors and other facilities, except stairways shall be protected by fire doors with fire at least EI 30 or screens of non-combustible materials with fire at least EI 45, opening doorways elevator shafts in case of fire or elevator shafts in buildings, structures and buildings shall be separated from corridors, stairwells and other areas Tambur or lounges with fire partitions of type 1 and ceilings of type 3.

17 In the buildings, structures and buildings with height of 28 meters or more elevator shafts that do not have them at the exit of air locks with pressurized air must be equipped with an overpressure of air in the elevator shaft during a fire.

18 In the buildings, structures and buildings equipped with automatic fire alarm or suppression, elevators must have a lock and no load and direction of the car, automatically return to a fire on the main landing area, while ensuring the opening and holding the car door and mines in the open position.

19 Space-planning decisions and the design of the stairs and stairwells must ensure the safe evacuation of people from buildings, structures, buildings in case of fire and to prevent the fire from spreading between floors.

20 In the basement and ground floors of the buildings and structures in the input elevator must be through air locks type 1 with pressurized air in case of fire.

Article 89: Fire safety requirements for escape routes, evacuation and emergency exits

1 Evacuation routes in buildings, structures and buildings and outs of the buildings and structures must ensure the safe evacuation of people. Calculation of emergency routes and exits without taking into consideration their use in fire-fighting equipment.

Accommodation 2 rooms crowded with people, including children and persons with reduced mobility, the use of fire-hazardous building materials in structural elements of escape routes shall be determined in accordance with the requirements of federal laws on the relevant technical regulations.

3. emergency exits of buildings and structures are outputs that are:

1) of the ground floor premises outside:

a) directly;

b) through the corridor;

c) through the lobby (lobby);

d) through the stairwell;

d) through the corridor and lobby (lobby);

e) through the corridor, recreation area and stairwell;

2) from the premises of any floor other than the first:

a) directly to a staircase or ladder type 3;

b) in the corridor leading directly to a staircase or ladder type 3;

c) in the lobby (lobby), with access directly to the staircase or ladder type 3;

g) on the exploited roof or on a specially equipped section of the roof, leading to the stairs of type 3;

3) in the next room (except the premises of a class F5 in categories A and B) located on the same floor and the provision of exit referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this section. Output of the technical premises without permanent jobs in the premises of categories A and B is considered evacuation, if the technical premises located equipment for maintenance of these fire areas.

4 evacuation exits from the basement and ground floors should be provided in such a way as to lead directly to the outside and were isolated from the common stair buildings, structures, buildings, except for the cases established by the present Federal Law.

5 emergency exits shall also be considered:

1) Exit the basement through the common staircases in the vestibule with a separate exit to the outside, separated from the rest of the staircase deaf fire wall type 1 located between the flights of stairs from the basement floor to the staging area staircases between the first and second floors;

2) the outputs of the basement and ground floors with rooms categories B4, D and E in the room categories B4, D and E, and the lobby is located on the first floor of a building class F5;

3), the outputs of the foyer, walk-in closets, smoking and sanitary facilities are located in basements or ground floors of buildings classes F2, F3 and F4, in the lobby of the first floor on separate ladders of type 2;

4) exits from the premises directly to the stairs of the 2nd type, in the corridor or lobby (lobby, lobby), leading to a staircase, subject to restrictions imposed by the normative documents on fire safety;

5) hinged door in the gate, designed for entry (exit) of rail and road transport.

6. emergency exits in buildings, structures and buildings are outputs that are:

1) on the balcony or loggia with a hollow partition of at least 1.2 meters from the end of the balcony (loggia) to the window opening (glazed doors) or not less than 1.6 meters between the glazed openings facing the balcony (loggia);

2) on the transition with a minimum width of 0.6 meters, leading to the adjacent section of the building class F1.3 or adjacent fire compartment;

3) on the balcony or loggia, equipped with outdoor stairs, floor by floor connecting balconies or loggias;

4) directly to the outside of the premises with clean floor mark not less than 4.5 meters and 5 meters above the window or door size of at least 0.75 ’1.5 meters, and also through a manhole size of at least 0.6 “0 8 meters. The output through the pit shall be equipped with a ladder in the pit, and exit through the door – the stairs in the room. The slope of the stairs is not standardized;

5) on the roof of buildings and structures I, II and III degrees of fire resistance classes C0 and C1 through a window or door of at least 0.75 ’1.5 meters, as well as through the hatch of at least 0.6′ 0.8 meter on vertical or inclined ladder.

7 in the opening emergency exits must not be installed and the lift-sliding trap door, revolving doors, turnstiles and other items that prevent the free passage of people.

8 The number and width of the escape routes from the premises with the floors of the buildings and determined according to the maximum possible number of evacuated people and through them the maximum allowable distance from the most remote location possible stay of people (workplace) to the nearest emergency exit.

9 Parts of buildings of different functional fire hazard and are separated by fire barriers shall be provided with separate emergency exits.

10 The number of emergency exits from the room should be set depending on the maximum allowable distance from the most remote point (workstation) to the nearest emergency exit.

11 The number of emergency exits of buildings, structures and buildings should not be less than the number of emergency exits from each floor of the buildings, structures and buildings.

12 Maximum allowable distance from the most remote point of the room (for buildings and structures of class F5 – from the most remote workstation) to the nearest emergency exit, measured along the axis of an escape route shall be established depending on the class of functional fire hazard and categories of rooms, buildings , structures and buildings on fire and explosion hazards, the number of evacuees, the geometric parameters of the premises and evacuation routes, class structural fire hazard and fire resistance of buildings, structures and buildings.

13 The length of the escape route on the stairs of the 2nd type in the room should be determined to be three times the height of it.

14 Evacuation routes must not include elevators, escalators, as well as areas leading:

1) through the corridors to the outputs of the elevator shafts, through the lift lobbies and vestibules front of the elevators if walling elevator shafts, doors elevator shafts, do not meet the requirements for fire barriers;

2) through the stairwells, if the area is part of the staircase corridor, as well as through the space where there is a staircase type 2, which is not an evacuation;

3) on the roof of buildings and structures, except operated roof or a designated section of the roof, similar in design maintained roof;

4) on the stairs of the 2nd type, connecting more than two floors (storeys), as well as leading from the cellars and basements;

5) on the stairs and stairwells for communication between underground and above-ground floors, except in the cases referred to in paragraphs 3 – 5 of this Article.

Article 90: Support for the operation of fire units

1 For buildings and structures shall be provided a device:

1) fire roads and access roads to buildings, facilities and buildings for fire equipment, special or combined with functional driveways and entrances;

2) external fire escapes and other means of lifting personnel of the fire protection and fire fighting equipment on the floor and on the roof of buildings and structures;

3) The fire water supply, including combined with economic or special, suhotrubov and fire tanks (reservoirs);

4) smoke protection system routes used by the personnel of the fire department in buildings, structures and buildings;

5) individual and collective means of saving people.

2 In the buildings, structures and buildings with height of 10 meters or more from the surface level of access for fire fighting vehicles to the eaves of the roof or the top of the outer wall (parapet) shall provide for an exit to the roof with staircases, either directly or through the attic or on the stairs Type 3 or external fire escapes.

3 Number of outputs on the roof (but not less than one output) and their location should be provided depending on the class of functional fire hazard and size of buildings, structures and buildings:

1) for each full and partial length of 100 meters buildings, structures and buildings with attic floors and at least one output for each complete and incomplete 1,000 square meters of roof area of ​​the building, structures and buildings with built-up coating for buildings classes F1, F2, F3 and F4;

2) the fire escape every 200 meters along the perimeter of buildings and structures of class F5.

4 not allowed include:

1) fire escapes on the main facade of the buildings, structures and buildings, if the width of buildings, structures and buildings shall not exceed 150 meters, and on the side opposite the main facade, there is a fire main;

2) access to the roof of the single-storey buildings and structures, the coated area not exceeding 100 square meters.

5 On the attics of buildings and structures, except buildings class F1.4, outputs should be provided on the roof, equipped with fixed stairs, through the doors, hatches or windows of at least 0.6 ’0.8 meters.

6 outputs with staircases to the roof or attic should be provided on flights of stairs with landings before going through the fire doors of the 2nd type size not less than 0.75 ’1.5 meters. These flights and landings must be made of non-combustible materials and have a slope of no more than 2 to 1 and a minimum width of 0.9 meters.

7 In the buildings, structures and buildings classes F1, F2, F3 and F4 maximum height of 15 meters allowed the device outputs to the attic or roof with staircases through fire hatches type 2 size of 0.6 x 0.8 meters on fixed steel ladders.

8 On the technical levels, including technical and engineering subfields attics, opening height must be at least 1.8 meters, attics along the buildings, structures and buildings – not less than 1.6 meters. The width of these passages should be at least 1.2 meters. At selected sites, totaling not more than 2 meters is permitted to reduce the height of the passage of up to 1.2 meters and width – up to 0.9 meters.

9 In the buildings, structures and buildings with attics should include hatches Walling sinuses attics.

10 In the field drop height of the roof (including lifting the roof svetoaeratsionnyh lamps) more than 1 meter should provide fire escapes.

11 is not allowed to provide fire escapes at the height of the roof drop more than 10 meters, if every part of the roof area of ​​100 square meters has a private access to the roof or the height of the lower section of the roof does not exceed 10 meters.

12 To lift to a height of 10 to 20 meters and a height difference in the field of the roof from 1 to 20 meters should be used fire ladders type P1, to rise to a height of over 20 meters and in places the roof height difference of 20 meters – fire escapes type P2 .

13 Fire escapes are made of non-combustible materials are placed at least 1 meter away from the windows and must have a design concept that provides the possibility of movement of personnel fire protection units in combat dress and with additional equipment.

14 Between the flight of stairs and handrails between fences staircases should provide a clearance of not less than 75 millimeters.

15 In each fire compartment buildings and structures class F1.1 height of 10 meters, buildings and structures class F1.3 height more than 50 meters, buildings and structures of various classes of functional fire hazard higher than 28 meters underground parking lots with more than two floors, elevators should be provided for the transportation of fire departments.

16 In the buildings, structures and buildings with sloping roofs of not more than 12 per cent, inclusive, up to the eaves or the top of the outer wall (parapet) more than 10 meters, as well as in buildings, structures and buildings with sloping roofs of more than 12 percent, up to a cornice 7 meters should provide fencing on the roof in accordance with the fire safety requirements established by the present Federal Law.Regardless of the height of the building said the fence should be provided for the exploited flat roofs, balconies, loggias, outdoor galleries, open exterior stairs, staircases and landings.

17 On the cover of buildings and structures with a mark of floor top floor over 75 meters shall be provided a platform for transport and rescue helicopter cockpit fire of at least 5 ’5 meters. Over these sites is prohibited to place antennas, electrical wires and cables.

Article 91 Facilities for buildings, structures and buildings equipped with warning systems and evacuation in case of fire, automatic fire alarm and (or) fire-fighting

1 Premises, buildings and structures, in which a system for warning and evacuation in case of fire, fitted with automatic fire alarm system and (or) fire-fighting, in accordance with the level of fire risk premises, buildings and structures on the basis of the analysis of fire risk . The list of objects subject to mandatory equipment specified settings, set normative documents on fire safety.

2 Automatic fire alarm, fire extinguishing systems must be equipped with an uninterruptible power supply.

Section IV. Fire safety requirements for industrial facilities

 

Chapter 20, General requirements for fire safety for production facilities

Article 92 Documentation Requirements for facilities

1 Documentation of the facilities, including buildings, structures, and processes should contain fire-technical characteristics, contemplated hereby.

2 Structure and functional characteristics of systems for fire safety of industrial facilities should be designed as a separate section of the design documentation.

Article 93 The characteristic values ​​of the fire risk to industrial facilities

1 The value of individual fire risk in buildings, structures, buildings, and on the production site shall not exceed one million a year.

2 The risk of death caused by exposure to fire hazards should be determined taking into account the functioning of the systems to ensure fire safety of buildings and structures.

3 For production facilities, to ensure that the value of individual fire risk one million per year is not possible due to the specifics of the technological processes is allowed to increase individual fire risk to a ten per year. This should be provided to the training of personnel for action in case of fire and for the social protection of workers and compensate for their work in high-risk conditions.

4 The value of individual fire risk from exposure to fire hazards at a facility for people who are in a residential area near the site shall not exceed one hundred millionth of a year.

5 The magnitude of the social impact of fire risk of fire hazards at a facility for people who are in a residential area close to the subject, should not exceed one ten-millionth of a year.

Chapter 21 Procedure for fire hazard analysis and calculation of a production facility fire risk

 

Article 94: The sequence of fire risk assessment of the manufacturing facility

1 fire risk assessment of the manufacturing facility should include:

1) the fire hazard analysis of the production facility;

2) determine the frequency of implementation of fire emergencies at the production facility;

3) the construction of fields of fire hazards for different scenarios of its development;

4) An assessment of the impacts of fire hazards on people for different scenarios of its development;

5) calculation of the fire risk.

2 Fire hazard analysis of production facilities should include:

1) the fire hazard analysis process fluid and process parameters on the production facility;

2) define the list of fire emergencies and parameters for each process;

3) determination of the list of reasons, the occurrence of which allows us to characterize the situation as a fire risk, for each process;

4) scenario-building of origin and development of fires that resulted in loss of life.

Article 95: Fire hazard analysis of production facilities

1 Fire hazard analysis process provides a comparison of fire danger substances and materials circulating in the process, with the process parameters.

2 List of fire danger substances and materials, depending on their state of aggregation, the necessary and sufficient to characterize the fire hazard of the technological environment is shown in Table 1 of the Annex hereto. The list of potential sources of ignition fire process fluid is determined by comparing the parameters of the process and other sources of ignition with fire danger substances and materials.

3: Determination of fire situations at a facility should be based on the fire hazard analysis of each process and provide a choice of situations in which the implementation of a risk to people in the affected area from hazards of fire and secondary effects of exposure to fire hazards.To fire situations not include situations as a result of which there is no danger to life and health. These situations are not taken into account in the calculation of the fire risk.

4 For each fire hazards at a facility should be a description of the causes and development of fire situations, the point of origin and fire factors that pose a threat to life and health of people in their places of residence.

5 To determine the cause of fire situations should be identified events that may lead to the formation of a combustible environment and the appearance of an ignition source.

6 Fire hazard analysis involves determining the production facilities of the complex of preventive measures that change parameters of the process to a level that ensures a valid fire risk.

Article 96 Assessment of fire risk at a facility

1 To determine the frequency of implementation of fire situations of the manufacturing facility uses the information:

1) the refusal of the equipment used in the production facility;

2) on the parameters used in the reliability of the production facility equipment;

3) about the wrong actions of the staff of the production facility;

4) on hydrometeorological conditions in the placement of production facilities;

5) the geographical features of the area in the placement of production facilities.

2 Evaluation of the hazards of fire, explosion for different scenarios of their development is based on the comparison of information on modeling the dynamics of fire hazards at the production site and the surrounding area and information critical to human life and health values ​​of the analyzed hazards of fire, explosion.

3 Assessment of the impacts of hazards of fire, explosion on people for different scenarios of fire situations involves determining the number of people involved in the kill zone hazards of fire, explosion.

Chapter 22: Requirements for the placement of fire stations, roads, entrance (exit) and travel, water sources on the production site

 

Article 97: Placement of fire stations on the production site

1 fire station on the production site must be located on land adjacent to public roads.

2 Departure from fire stations should be located so that fire trucks leaving did not cross the main traffic flows.

3 Requirements for the location of fire stations and fire stations radii of service established by normative documents on fire safety.

Article 98 Requirements for roads, entry (exit) and travel on the production site

1 Production facilities with an area measuring more than 5 acres must have at least two entries, except for warehouses of oil and petroleum products Category I and II, which are independent of the size of the site must have at least two trips to the roads of general network or driveways or warehouse organization.

2 If the size of the part of the site production facility of more than 1000 meters and its location along the street or road on this side should include at least two entrances to the site. The distance between the ramps should not exceed 1500 meters.

3 caged inside the grounds of production facilities (outdoor transformer substations, warehouses and other land) area of ​​more than 5 acres must have at least two entries.

4. buildings, facilities and buildings throughout their length shall be provided with fire trucks staircase on one side with a width of buildings, structures or buildings not more than 18 meters on both sides with a width of more than 18 meters, as well as the device closed and semi-enclosed courtyards .

5 For buildings with a building area of ​​more than 10, 000 square meters and a width of over 100 meters staircase fire vehicles shall be provided on all sides.

6 In the event that on the working environment does not require expensive devices, locked fire trucks allowed to provide for the planned surface reinforced across the width of 3.5 meters in places travel at clay and sand (silt) soils of different local materials with the creation of biases that provide natural drainage of surface water.

7 Distance from the edge of the roadway or the planned surface, ensuring passage of fire trucks, to the walls of buildings with no more than 12 meters should be no more than 25 meters, the height of buildings more than 12 but not more than 28 meters – no more than 8 meters, while height of buildings more than 28 meters – 10 meters.

8 To reservoirs that emit fire water supply, as well as cooling towers, spray ponds, and other structures, the water of which can be used for fire fighting should include porches with platforms for turning fire trucks, their installation, and water abstraction. The size of these areas must be at least 12 ‘to 12 meters.

9 Fire hydrants should have along the roads at a distance of no more than 2.5 meters from the edge of the roadway, but not less than 5 meters from the walls of the building.

10 Moving or crossings intrabuilding railroad tracks must always be free to pass fire-fighting vehicles.

11 The width of the gate road entries to the site production facility should ensure unimpeded passage of basic and special fire-fighting vehicles.

Article 99: Applicable requirements for fire water supply production facility

1 Production facilities should be provided outside the fire water supply (fire water supply, natural or artificial water bodies). Placement of fire hydrants on water mains shall provide fire fighting any served by the network buildings, structures, buildings or parts of buildings, structures, buildings.

2 Fresh water for fire-fighting purposes in artificial reservoirs should be based on the estimated costs of water on the outside fire fighting and duration of fighting fires.

Article 100 Requirements to limit the spread of fire at the production facility

1 The distances between the buildings, structures and buildings, from warehouses, open technology installations, units and equipment to buildings and structures, between warehouses, open technological installations, units and equipment from the gas tanks for flammable gases to buildings, structures and buildings production site, depending on the degree of fire resistance ratings of buildings on fire and explosion hazards, and other characteristics should prevent the transition of fire from one building, structure or building to another.

2 Tank Farms production facility with petroleum products, liquefied petroleum gases, toxic substances should be located at lower elevations in relation to buildings and production facilities and buildings shall be surrounded by (taking into account the terrain) blown by a wall of non-combustible materials.

3 In the case of above-ground tanks placement of flammable and combustible liquids at higher relative to the adjacent buildings and the buildings elevations steps shall be taken to prevent the spreading of the spilled liquid to said buildings, structures and buildings in case of accidents on the tanks.

4 Placement of external networks with flammable liquids and gases under the buildings, facilities and structures production facility is not allowed.

5 On the perimeter areas of production facilities in the oil storage container device shall be closed earthen dike or boundary wall of non-combustible materials. In addition, a closed earthen embankment or enclosing wall of non-combustible materials shall be provided around the perimeter of separate tanks each group of above-ground storage tanks and are designed for the hydrostatic pressure of the spilled liquid.

6 Within one group of above-ground tanks should be separated by internal or ramparts enclosing walls:

1) each additional reservoir capacity of 20 000 cubic meters or more, or several smaller reservoirs with total capacity of 20 000 cubic meters;

2) tanks with oil and fuel from the tank with other petroleum products;

3) storage tanks of leaded gasoline from other tanks group.

7 Available from building area diked area formed between the inner slope of an earth embankment or enclosing walls, should be determined by the estimated volume of the spilled liquid, equal to the nominal volume of the largest tank in the group, or a stand-alone tank.

8 Height earthen dike or boundary wall of each group of tanks, the distance from the walls of the tank to the foot of the embankment slopes of internal or boundary walls to be determined in accordance with the requirements of federal laws on the relevant technical regulations and (or) the regulations on fire safety.

9 Earthen Dike underground tanks should be provided only when stored in these reservoirs of oil and fuel oil. Area formed between the inner embankment slopes should be determined on the basis of the confinement conditions spilled liquid in an amount equal to 10 percent of the volume of the largest underground reservoir in the group.

10 On the production site occupancy aboveground pipeline networks with flammable liquids and gases are prohibited for:

1) transit intra piping with flammable liquids and gases – on overpasses, freestanding columns and pillars of combustible materials, as well as the walls and roofs of buildings, except buildings I and II degrees of fire resistance;

2) pipelines with flammable liquids and gases – in the galleries, if the mixing of these products may cause a fire or explosion;

3) piping with flammable liquids and gases – for burns coverings and walls, for Coatings and walls of buildings A and B categories for explosion hazards and fire hazards;

4) gas flammable gases – in storage areas of solid and liquid fuels.

11 Overground network of pipelines for combustible liquids which are charted on separate supports and racks should be placed at a distance of at least 3 meters away from the building walls with openings and not less than 0.5 meters from the walls of buildings without openings.

Section V. Fire safety requirements for fire engineering

Chapter 23: General requirements

Article 101 Requirements for Fire Engineering

1 Fire fighting equipment should provide performance of its functions under fire conditions.

2 Design and materials used fire fighting equipment should be safe during transportation, storage, handling and disposal of fire fighting equipment.

3: The marking of fire fighting equipment should allow the identification of the product.

4 Technical documentation for fire equipment must contain the information for training the effective application of the rules of fire fighting equipment.

5 Fire fighting equipment must be tested for compliance with the parameters of its fire safety requirements in accordance with procedures established by the normative documents on fire safety.

Article 102 Requirements for fire extinguishers

1 Extinguishing agents must provide fire-fighting surface or bulk method of their submission to the characteristics of the extinguishing agent in accordance with the fire-fighting tactics.

2 Extinguishing media should be used to extinguish the fire of those materials, the interaction that does not lead to the risk of new outbreaks of fire or explosion.

3 Extinguishing agents shall maintain their properties needed for fire fighting during transportation and storage.

4 Extinguishing agents should not render dangerous for human health and environment impact, exceeding the accepted allowable value.

Article 103 Requirements for automatic fire alarm

1 Means of automatic fire alarm systems must provide electricity and information compatibility with each other and with other collaborating with them technical means.

2 Line connection between technical means of automatic fire alarm must be made taking into account their operation in case of fire during the time necessary for detecting, outputting signals for evacuation during the time necessary for evacuation, as well as the time required for management of other technical means.

3 Controls fire equipment automatic fire alarm system shall ensure the principle of control in accordance with the type of equipment to be controlled and the individual site requirements.

4 Technical means of automatic fire alarm system shall be provided with uninterrupted power supply for the performance of their functions.

5 Means of automatic fire alarm systems must be resistant to electromagnetic interference with the limit values ​​of the level characteristic of the protected object, with data hardware should not have a negative impact electromagnetic interference to other technologies available on the subject of protection.

6 Technical means of automatic fire alarm system shall ensure electrical safety.

Article 104 Requirements for automatic fire-extinguishing

1 Automatic fire-extinguishing installations shall provide fire fighting surface or bulk means the extinguishing agent is to create the conditions that prevent the emergence and development of the combustion process.

2 fire extinguishing volumetric method should provide an environment that does not support combustion in the entire volume of the protected premises, buildings, structures and buildings.

3 The fire was extinguished in a superficial way should ensure the elimination of the combustion process by the extinguishing agent to the protected area.

4 Operate automatic extinguishing systems should not lead to a fire and (or) the explosion of combustible materials in the areas of buildings, structures and open areas.

Chapter 24 Requirements for fighting primary means

 

Article 105 Requirements for fire extinguishers

1 portable and mobile fire extinguishers shall provide fire-fighting one person in the area specified in the technical documentation of the manufacturer.

2 Specifications of portable and mobile fire extinguishers must ensure the safety of the person to extinguish the fire.

3 The strength characteristics of the structural elements of portable and mobile fire extinguishers must ensure the safety of their use in fire fighting.

Article 106 Requirements for fire hydrants

1 The design of fire hydrants shall be capable of opening the locking device by one person and the water supply to the intensity of providing fire-fighting.

2 The design of the connection head of hydrants should allow them to connect to the fire hoses used in fire departments.

Article 107 Requirements for fire boxes

1. Fire cabinets and multifunction integrated fire cabinets should provide placement and storage of them primary means of fire. Staffing multifunctional integrated fire fighting equipment is made ​​in accordance with Table 26 of the annex hereto.

2 The design of fire fighting equipment and integrated multi-function fire cabinets should allow fast and safe use of equipment located in them.

3 Dimensions and installation of fire fighting equipment and integrated multifunction fire cabinets should not lead to clutter escape routes.

4 Fire cabinets and multifunction integrated fire cabinets shall be constructed of non-combustible materials.

5 External registration and information about the contents of fire fighting equipment and integrated multi-function fire boxes are defined by normative documents on fire safety, adopted in accordance with Article 4 hereof.

Chapter 25: Requirements for the mobile fire fighting

 

Article 108 Requirements for fire vehicles

1: Basic and special fire engines should provide the following functions:

1) delivery of the fire personnel of the fire department, fire extinguishers, fire fighting equipment, personal protective equipment and fire samospasaniya fire, fire tools, means of saving people;

2) feeding the seat of fire extinguishing agents;

3) conducting rescue operations related to fire fighting (hereinafter – conducting rescue operations);

4) ensuring the safety of the tasks assigned to the fire department.

2: Requirements for the design, specifications and other parameters of fire trucks set normative documents on fire safety.

Article 109 Requirements for fire aircraft, trains and ships

Firefighting aircraft, trains and ships should be fitted with equipment enabling to perform firefighting.

Article 110 Requirements for fire motor pumps

1 Fire pumps should implement the fence and the water supply to the fire from the mains, reservoirs, and (or) from open water sources to the desired flow rate and operating pressure required to extinguish the fire.

2 The design of portable fire water pumps shall be capable of carrying two operators and installation on the ground.

3 Pull the fire pumps have permanently mounted on a trailer. The design of trailers shall be to ensure the safety of transportation of the fire water pumps and sustainable accommodation at the fence and the water supply.

Chapter 26 Requirements for automatic fire-extinguishing

 

Article 111 Requirements for automatic installation of water and foam fire extinguishing

Automatic installation of water and foam fire extinguishing systems must provide:

1) early detection of fire and start automatic fire extinguishing;

2) the supply of water from the sprinkler (sprinkler, deluge) automatic water fire extinguishing systems with the required flow rate of water;

3) supply of foam penogeneriruyuschih devices of automatic fire fighting foams with the desired multiplicity and intensity of the foam.

Article 112 Requirements for automatic gas fire extinguishing systems

Automatic gas fire suppression systems must provide:

1) early detection of fire automatic fire alarm installation, part of the automatic installation of gas fire;

2) the ability to delay the release of gas extinguishing agent within the time required for evacuation of the space to be protected;

3) the creation of a gas fire extinguishing concentration of extinguishing agent in the protected volume or above the surface of the burning material for the time required to extinguish a fire.

Article 113 Requirements to automated powder fire

Automatic installation of fire extinguishing powder should provide:

1) early detection of fire automatic fire alarm installation, part of the automatic installation of powder fire extinguishing;

2) feeding the powder from the spray of automatic fire extinguishing powder to the desired flow rate of the powder.

Article 114 Requirements to automated aerosol fire extinguishing

Automatic aerosol fire extinguishing installation shall ensure that:

1) early detection of fire automatic fire alarm installation, part of the automatic installation of aerosol fire extinguishing;

2) the ability to delay the release of fire-extinguishing aerosol for the time needed to evacuate people from the protected premises;

3) creation of extinguishing the fire extinguishing aerosol concentration in the protected volume for the time required to extinguish a fire;

4) exclude the possibility of exposure of humans and fuels high surface areas of the generator and the fire extinguishing aerosol jet.

Article 115 Requirements for automatic sprinkler installations combined

Automatic installation of combined firefighting must comply with the requirements for automatic fire extinguishing, of which they are composed.

Article 116 Requirements for robotic fire-fighting units

Robotic fire-extinguishing system shall ensure:

1) detecting and eliminating or limiting the spread of fire beyond the focal point without direct human presence in the area of ​​operation of the plant;

2) the ability to remotely control the installation and transfer of information to the operator from the place of installation;

3) the ability to perform the installation of its functions under the impact of the hazards of fire or explosion, radiation, chemical, or otherwise dangerous to human and environmental exposure.

Article 117 Requirements to automated fire containment

1 Automatic installation of containment of fire should slow down the increase in the area of ​​fire and its education hazards.

2 Automatic installation of containment of fire should be used in locations where the use of other automatic extinguishing systems impractical or technically impossible.

3 Type of extinguishing agents used at automated fire containment, determined by the characteristics of the object of protection, type and location of fire load.

Chapter 27 requirements for personal protective equipment firefighters and citizens in case of fire

 

Article 118 Requirements for PPE fire

1 Protective equipment should protect the personnel of fire departments from the effects of fire hazards, adverse climate impacts and injuries in the fire-fighting and rescue operations.

2 Protective equipment should be ergonomically combined with each other and have a light-signal elements allow visual search and firefighters in reduced visibility conditions.

Article 119 Requirements for personal protective equipment and respiratory of fire

1 Personal respiratory protection and of fire shall protect fire when working in an environment unsuitable for breathing and irritate the eyes.

2 Personal respiratory protection and fire of indicators should be characterized by resistance to mechanical and unfavorable climatic influences, ergonomic and protective indicators whose values ​​are set in accordance with the tactics of the rescue operations, rescue people and the need to ensure safe working conditions for firefighters.

3 Breathing apparatus with compressed air should ensure maintenance of overpressure in podmasochnom space in the human respiratory tract.

4 for the protective effect of breathing apparatus with compressed air (for pulmonary ventilation of 30 liters per minute) should be at least 1 hour, oxygen-insulating devices – at least 4 hours.

5 Design of personal respiratory protective fire should provide quick replacement (without special tools) cylinders with a mixture of respiratory and regenerative cartridges.

6 Application, maintenance and repair of personal respiratory protection and of fire are carried out in accordance with the need to ensure safe working conditions for firefighters.

7 Use of personal respiratory protection filter action for the protection of firefighters.

8 Do not use oxygen breathing apparatus complete with protective clothing against thermal effects, except for fire fighting clothing, and protective clothing insulation type.

Article 120 Requirements for special protective clothing firefighters

1 Special protective clothing (general purpose, to protect against thermal effects and insulation type) should protect firefighters from the dangerous effects of fire factors. The degree of protection should be characterized by parameters whose values ​​are set in accordance with the need to ensure safe working conditions of firefighters.

2 The materials and design of the special protective clothing must prevent the penetration into the interior of clothing extinguishing agents and allow the emergency removal of clothing, monitoring tank pressure breathing apparatus, receiving and transmitting information (audio, visual, or using special devices).

3 The design and materials used special protective clothing insulating type must ensure the maintenance of excess air pressure in podkostyumnom space at a level ensuring safe working conditions firefighter working in a special protective clothing insulation type.

4 Special protective clothing insulation type used in extinguishing fires at hazardous production facilities must provide protection from contact with the skin and the internal organs of human aggressive and (or) radioactive substances. Special protective clothing insulation type used in fire-fighting and rescue work in radiation hazardous facilities, in addition, must ensure the protection of vital organs from ionizing radiation. In this case, the attenuation coefficient of external radiation beta radiation with energies less than 2 MeV (source Sr90) must be not less than 150, the attenuation coefficient of external exposure to gamma radiation with an energy of 122 keV (Co57 source) – not less than 5.5.

5 Weight of special protective clothing insulation type shall be capable of safe working conditions of firefighters.

Article 121 Requirements to protection of hands, feet and head

1 Hand protection should protect man from the hands of thermal, mechanical and chemical effects to extinguish the fire and conduct rescue operations.

2 Head Protection (including helmets, helmets, balaclavas) and remedies legs should protect man from the water, mechanical, thermal and chemical effects to extinguish the fire and conduct rescue operations, as well as adverse climate impacts.

Article 122 Requirements for Drugs samospasaniya fire

Means samospasaniya fire (fire rope, belt and carbine fire fireman) must withstand a static load of at least 10 kilonewtons, allow insurance firefighters working at height and independent descent from a height of fire.

Article 123 Requirements for personal protective equipment and rescue people in case of fire

1 Personal protection and rescue citizens in case of fire should be safe evacuation or samospasaniya people. The degree of enforcement of these functions should be characterized by indicators of resistance to mechanical and unfavorable climatic influences, ergonomics and safety indicators, which are set based on the conditions that protect people from toxic combustion products, including the carbon monoxide in the evacuation of the smoke-filled rooms in the fire and rescue people with tall levels of buildings and structures.

2 The design of personal protective equipment and rescue people in case of fire should be reliable and easy to operate and to allow their use by any person without prior preparation.

3 Scope, functionality and specifications of personal protective equipment and rescue people in case of fire (before the adoption of the technical regulation) are determined by normative documents on fire safety.

Chapter 28: Requirements for fire tools and additional equipment fire

 

Article 124 Requirements for fire tools

1 Firefighter tool depending on its functional purpose is to ensure compliance with:

1) cutting jobs, lifting, moving and fixing various structures;

2) work on the penetration holes and openings, the fragmentation of structures and materials;

3) work on plugging holes in the pipes of different diameter holes in the sealing of vessels and pipelines.

2 Hand power tools must be equipped with safety devices to prevent accidental contact with moving parts of the mechanisms of the human body or clothing. Controls fire mechanized instrument must be marked with signposts, excluding ambiguous information they provide.

3 Construction Mechanized and manual fire tools must be capable of quick-change work items.

4 Design docking stations fire tool should provide a fast and reliable their connection manually without the use of keys or other plumbing tools.

5 The design fire tool should provide electrical operator during rescue operations.

Article 125 Requirements for additional fire-fighters

Additional fire-fighters (including fire lights, thermal imagers, radio beacons and sound beacons), depending on its purpose should provide lighting the fire, fires and search for people in the smoky atmosphere, marking the location of the fire and perform other types of work to extinguish the fire. The degree of enforcement of these functions should be characterized by parameters necessary to perform the rescue.

Chapter 29 requirements for fire equipment

 

Article 126 General requirements for fire equipment

Fire-fighting equipment (fire hydrants, hydrant, column, columns, pressure and suction hoses, barrels, hydroelevators and suction mesh bag branching, connection heads, hand-held fire escapes) should be capable of extinguishing agent to the fire place with the required flow rate and operating pressure, necessary to extinguish a fire in accordance with the tactics of fighting fires, as well as the penetration of the personnel of the fire brigade in the premises of buildings, structures and buildings.

Article 127 General requirements for fire hydrants and columns

1 Fire hydrants shall be installed at the external water supply networks and to supply water for fire-fighting purposes.

2 Firefighters column should allow opening (closing) of underground hydrants and fire hose connection for drawing water from water supply systems and for the purposes of its submission firefighting.

3 Mechanical force on the control column overlying units fire at the operating pressure should not exceed 150 Newtons.

Article 128 Requirements for fire hoses and coupling heads

1 Fire hoses (suction, pressure-suction and pressure) must be capable of transporting fire extinguishers to the fire place.

2 couplings should provide quick, tight and strong connection between a fire hoses and other fire equipment.

3 The strength and performance of fire hoses and coupling heads must meet the technical parameters used by fire departments of hydraulic equipment.

Article 129 Requirements for fire trunks, foam generators and penosmesitelyam

1 The design of fire barrels (manual and fire monitors) must provide:

1) the formation of a solid or gas from these sprays fire extinguishing agents (including mechanical foam and low magnification) at the outlet of the nozzle;

2) uniform distribution of fire-extinguishing agents cone spray jet torch;

3) continuously variable spray patterns from solid to spray;

4) change in flow extinguishing agents (for barrels of generic type) without interrupting their feeding;

5) the strength of the stem, sealing compounds and shut-devices at the operating pressure;

6) fixing the position of monitors at specified angles in the vertical plane;

7) the possibility of manual and remote control mechanisms rotation of monitors in horizontal and vertical planes of the hydraulic drive or electric drive.

2 Construction of foam generators should provide:

1) forming a flow of air-mechanical foam medium and high multiplicity;

2) the strength of the stem, sealing compounds and shut-devices at the operating pressure.

3 Penosmesiteli (with fixed and adjustable dosing) should ensure receipt of aqueous foam with a given concentration for a particular foam multiplicity of air-foam trunks and foam generators.

Article 130 Requirements for firefighters and fire lodgement a bag a bag ramifications

1 Fire hose headers shall provide the union of two or more streams of water at the entrance into the inlet of the fire pump . Firefighters hose headers must be equipped with check valves nakazhdom of the combined ports.

2 Firefighters hose branching should ensure distribution of the main stream of water or foam solution by working with a bag lines and adjust the flow of fire extinguishing substances in these lines. Mechanical forces on the controls overlapping devices fire hose branching at an operating pressure should not exceed 150 Newtons.

Article 131 Requirements for firefighters and fire hydroelevators Strainer

1 Fire hydroelevators must ensure withdrawal of water from open reservoirs with a difference of level of the water table and the location of the fire pump, more than the maximum suction lift, as well as removal from the premises of water spilled to extinguish the fire.

2 Firefighters suction grid should provide filtering abstracted from open reservoirs of water and prevent the entry of solid particles that can lead to malfunction of the pump. Firefighters suction grid must be fitted with non-return valves.

Article 132 Requirements for manual fire escapes

1 Hand fire escapes must provide fire protection personnel can not enter the premises and on the roofs of buildings and structures, supply in the said premises extinguishing agents and substances, as well as rescuing people from these premises, avoiding the escape route.

2 Dimensions and design of hand-held fire escapes must enable their transportation on the fire engines.

3 Mechanical strength, size and ergonomics and safety indicators manual fire ladders should provide the ability to perform tasks for the salvage of people with height levels and the rise of the required fire-technical equipment.

 

Section VI. Fire safety requirements for products of general purpose

 

Chapter 30 Fire safety requirements for substances and materials

 

Article 133 Fire Safety Requirements for information about the fire hazard of substances and materials

1 Manufacturer (supplier) shall establish the technical documentation for substances and materials containing information about the safe use of this product.

2 Technical documentation for substances and materials (including passports, specifications, production schedules) shall include information on the performance of fire hazard of substances and materials.

3 essential indicators for inclusion in the technical documentation are:

1) Gas:

a) The group of combustibility;

b) the auto-ignition temperature;

c) flammability limits;

d) the maximum explosion pressure;

d) the rate of explosion pressure rise;

2) for liquids:

a) The group of combustibility;

b) The flash point;

c) The ignition temperature;

g) ignition temperature;

d) the temperature limits of flame propagation;

3) for solids and materials (except for building

materials):

a) The group of combustibility;

b) the ignition temperature;

c) The ignition temperature;

g) ratio smoke;

d) indicator toxicity of combustion products;

4) for solid particulate matter:

a) The group of combustibility;

b) the auto-ignition temperature;

c) the maximum explosion pressure;

g) the rate of explosion pressure rise;

d) index explosion.

4 The need to include more information about fire danger defines technical writer for substances and materials.

Article 134 Fire safety requirements for the use of construction materials in buildings, structures and buildings

1 Building materials used in buildings, structures and buildings, depending on their function and fire hazard.

2 Fire safety requirements for the use of construction materials in buildings, structures and buildings are set in relation to that of the fire hazard of these materials given in Table 27 of the annex hereto.

3 The technical documentation for construction materials should contain information about the fire danger of these materials given in Table 27 of the annex hereto, as well as fire safety measures when handling them.

4 In the premises of the buildings class F5 categories A, B and B1, which are produced, used or stored flammable liquids, the floor must be made of noncombustible materials or materials flammability group G1.

5 frames ceilings indoors and escape routes should only be done from non-combustible materials.

6 Scope of decorative finishing, coating and flooring on the escape routes in buildings of different functional purpose, the number of floors and the capacity is given in Tables 28 and 29 of the annex hereto.

7 In the sleeping rooms and the ward, as well as in the premises of the buildings pre-school educational institutions subclass F1.1 is not allowed to use decorative materials and floor coverings with higher fire hazard than the class KM2.

8, the walls and ceilings of the halls for music and physical education classes in pre-school educational institutions should be made of a material class KM0.

9 In rooms for physiotherapy treatments are not permitted to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class KM2, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class km3.

10 In the premises for the diagnosis is not permitted to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class of CMH, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class km3.

11 In the operating and emergency rooms are not permitted to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class KM2, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class km3.

12 In accommodation buildings subclass F1.2 is not permitted to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class KM4, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class KM4.

13 In the dressing rooms of buildings subclass F2.1 is not permitted to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class KM1, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class KM2.

14 The reading rooms are not permitted to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class KM2, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class km3.

15 In the premises of libraries and archives, as well as in areas that contain service catalogs and inventories, walls and ceilings should be provided from the class materials KM0.

16 In the showrooms of the building premises subclass F2.2 is not permitted to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class KM2, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class km3.

17 In the dance halls are not allowed to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class KM2, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class KM2.

18. salesrooms buildings subclass F3.1 is not permitted to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class KM2, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class km3.

19 In the waiting rooms of buildings subclass F3.3 decoration of walls, ceilings, filling ceilings and floor boards should be made of material of Class KM0.

In 20 treatment rooms and spaces for building diagnostics division F3.4 is not permitted to use materials for walls, ceilings and suspended ceilings filled with higher fire hazard than the class KM2, and materials for the flooring with higher fire hazard than the class km3.

Article 135: Fire safety requirements for the use of textile and leather materials to information about their fire danger

1 Textile and leather materials are used depending on the functional purpose and fire hazard buildings, structure or functionality of products, which are used for the manufacture of these materials.

2 Fire safety requirements for the use of textile and leather materials are set in relation to that of the fire hazard of these materials given in Table 30 of the annex hereto.

3 Methods for determining the resistance of materials classification features special protective clothing to open flame set normative documents on fire safety.

4 In the accompanying documents to the textile and leather materials necessary to provide information about their fire hazard and application in buildings, structures and buildings or products for various applications.

Article 136 Requirements for information about the fire safety fire protection facilities

1 Technical documentation for fire protection means shall contain information about the technical indicators characterizing the scope of their application, a fire hazard, the method of surface preparation, types and brands of soil, the method of coating the surface to be protected, drying conditions, fire-retardant effectiveness of these tools, a way to protect against adverse climatic actions, conditions and service life of flame retardants, as well as security measures during fire protection works.

2 Means of fire protection is allowed to use materials with additional cover provided by giving a decorative kind of flame-retardant layer or its resistance to adverse climate impacts. In this case, the flame retardant efficiency should be specified based on this layer.

Chapter 31 Fire safety requirements for building structures and engineering equipment of buildings and structures

 

Article 137 Fire safety requirements for building structures

1 The design of structural elements of buildings, structures, buildings should not be a cause of latent combustion propagation through the building, construction, structure.

2 Fire resistance of the attachment and joint constructions between them shall not be less than the minimum required fire abutting building elements.

3 Structural elements forming the slope of the floor in rooms of buildings, structures, buildings, functional hazard class F2, must comply with the requirements of the intermediate floors of these buildings.

4 Units crossing enclosing structures cables, conduits and other technological equipment must be fire-resistance rating not less than the required limits established for these structures.

5 Fire walls in rooms with suspended ceilings must share space above them.

6 In the space above the suspended ceiling is not allowed to provide accommodation canals and pipelines for transportation of flammable gases, dust-air mixtures of liquid and solid materials.

7 False ceilings are not allowed to provide in areas A and B categories for fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard.

Article 138 Fire safety requirements for the construction and equipment of ventilation systems, air conditioning systems and smoke protection

1 Construction of ducts and channels of supply and exhaust systems, smoke ventilation and backhaul (including ducts, sewers, pits) ventilation systems for different purposes should be fire resistant and be made of non-combustible materials. Intersection nodes enclosing structures with fire-resistant channels of ventilation systems and support structure (suspension) must have fire-resistance rating not less than that required for such channels. To seal the plug connections (including flange) designs fireproof ducts is allowed to use only non-combustible materials.

2 Fire normally open valves shall be equipped with automatic and remote-controlled actuators. The use of temperature-sensitive elements in the composition of such drives should be provided only as a duplicate. For fire normally closed valves and smoke valve actuators with the use of temperature-sensitive elements are not allowed. Density adjacent to each other designs of fire and smoke valves of various types should provide a minimum resistance dymogazopronitsaniyu.

3 Smoke hatches exhaust ventilation with a natural impulse thrust should be used to automatically and remotely operated actuators (with the possibility of duplication of thermocouples), providing traction needed to overcome the mechanical (including snow and wind) loads.

4 Exhaust fans smoke protection systems of buildings and structures should continue to operate in the propagation of high-temperature combustion products during the time required for evacuation of people (in the protection of people on the escape routes), or during the time of development and fire fighting (for the protection of people in fire-safe areas).

5 dymogazonepronitsaemye Fire doors must be fitted with seals nodes in their places of contiguity to each other, while providing the required fire resistance minimum required resistance value dymogazopronitsaniyu.

6 The anti smoky screens (blinds, curtains) must be equipped with automatic and remote-controlled actuators (no thermocouples) and are made of non-combustible materials with a working length of the release of not less than the thickness of the resulting in a fire in the room the smoke layer.

7 The actual values ​​of the parameters of ventilation, air-conditioning and smoke protection (including fire ratings and resistance dymogazopronitsaniyu) must be installed on the test results in accordance with procedures established by the normative documents on fire safety.

Article 139: Fire safety requirements for the construction and equipment of waste disposal systems

1 Trunks waste disposal systems shall be made of non-combustible materials and to provide the required fire resistance and resistance dymogazopronitsaniyu. As part of the construction waste disposal shafts are not allowed to use materials that are capable of explosive failure during a fire.

2 charging valve stems waste disposal must be carried out of non-combustible materials and to provide the minimum required value of resistance dymogazopronitsaniyu. To seal the boot valve is allowed to use materials of flammability is not lower than G2.

3 Dampers waste disposal trunks installed in the collecting chambers should be equipped with self-closing drive in case of fire.

Required fire dampers must not be less than the limits set for waste disposal trunks.

Article 140 Fire safety requirements for lifts

1 Passenger elevators with automatic doors and with a speed of 1 or more meters per second should have the operation, indicating a fire hazard, include at the signals coming from automatic fire alarm systems of the building, and does not require a download and the direction of the car on her return the main landing area, opening and holding open the car door and hoistway.

2 When you exit the elevator into the hallway, elevator hall or vestibule, does not meet the requirements for air locks type 1, Landing doors must have fire-resistance rating not less than the EI 30. When exiting the elevators in the corridor, elevator hall or vestibule, meets the requirements for air locks of type 1, and when you exit the elevator to the stairwell fire endurance Landing doors are not standardized.Conditions of accommodation of elevator shafts in volumes stairwells defined normative documents on fire safety.

3: Requirements for equipment, apparatus, fire lifts, the materials from which they are made, to control systems, alarm systems, communication and power established by this Federal Law and the federal laws on technical regulations for such facilities.

Chapter 32 Fire safety requirements for electrical products

 

Article 141 Requirements for information about the fire hazard of electrotechnical products

1 manufacturer of electrical products required to develop technical documentation containing the information necessary for the safe use of this product.

2 Technical documentation for electrical products (including passports and specifications) shall contain information on its fire hazard.

3 Indicators of fire hazard of electrotechnical products must comply with the application of electrical products.

Article 142 Fire safety requirements for electrical products

1 electrical products should not be a source of ignition and flame propagation must exclude beyond.

2 Fire safety requirements for electrical products are established on the basis of its design features and applications. Electrical products should be applied in accordance with the technical documentation, defining its safe operation.

3 Parts of the structure used in electrical products, should be resistant to flame, incandescent elements, electric arc heating in contact joints and conductive bridges.

4 Electrical products must be resistant to the emergence and spread of combustion in emergency modes (short circuit, overload).

5 Ingress protection of electrical products from the combustion propagation beyond the shell shall be determined scope of products.

6 Protection devices must disconnect the electrical circuit portion from the power supply in case of emergency operation before the deck.

Article 143 Fire safety requirements for electrical equipment

1 Electrical equipment should be resistant to the emergence and spread of combustion.

2 The probability of a fire in the electrical system shall not exceed one million a year.

3 The probability of a fire is not determined if there is evidence of conformity of electrical products with fire safety requirements for resistance to flame, incandescent elements, electric arc heating in contact joints and conductive bridges, taking into account the application of electrical products, part of the electrical equipment.

4 Electrical equipment fire protection systems should continue to operate in a fire during the time required to complete the evacuation of people to safe place.

 

Section VII. Conformity assessment of protection objects (products) requirements for fire safety

 

Chapter 33 Evaluation of conformity protection objects (products) requirements for fire safety

 

Article 144 Forms of conformity assessment of protection objects (products) requirements for fire safety

1 Conformity Assessment protection objects (products) organizations engaged in conformity assessment processes of design, manufacture, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, marketing and utilization, fire safety requirements established by federal law on technical regulations, statutory instruments fire safety, and the conditions of the contracts carried out in the forms of:

1) accreditation;

2) independent fire risk assessment (audit fire safety);

3) the state fire supervision;

4) The declaration of fire safety;

5) (tests);

6) protection of objects of conformity (of products);

7) Acceptance and commissioning of protection (products), as well as fire safety systems;

8) production control;

9) examination.

2 Procedure of conformity assessment of protection objects (products) to the established requirements for fire safety by an independent fire risk assessment is established by normative legal acts of the Russian Federation.

Article 145 Confirmation of the protection objects (products) requirements for fire safety

1 Confirmation of the protection objects (products) requirements for fire safety in the Russian Federation is carried out on a voluntary or mandatory basis, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

2 Voluntary conformity assurance of protection objects (products) fire safety requirements shall take the form of voluntary certification.

3 Mandatory confirmation of compliance protection objects (products) with the requirements of this Federal Law shall take the form of declaration of conformity or in the form of mandatory certification.

4 mandatory conformity with fire safety requirements are subject to security objects (products) and general-purpose fire fighting equipment, fire safety requirements which are established by this Federal Law and (or) the federal law on technical regulations containing requirements for certain types of products.

5 Declaration of conformity of products with the requirements of this Federal Law may be a legal entity or natural person registered as a sole trader in the territory of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, which are manufacturers (sellers) products, or a legal entity or natural person registered in as a private entrepreneur in the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, performed under the functions of the foreign manufacturer (seller) to ensure compliance of the delivered products with the requirements hereof, as well as responsible for the violation of these requirements.

6 Confirmation of the protection objects (products) fire safety requirements in the form of declaration of a third party shall be conducted only organizations accredited to conduct such work.

7 products, compliance with fire safety which is confirmed in accordance with this federal law, marked with a market. If a product are requirements of different technical regulations, the sign of market access is affixed only after the confirmation of conformity of the product with the relevant technical regulations.

8 with a market used by manufacturers (sellers) on the basis of a certificate of conformity or a declaration of conformity. Mark of market affixed to products and (or) on the package (container), as well as in the accompanying technical documentation supplied to the consumer in the implementation.

Article 146 Schemes confirm product compliance with fire safety

1 Verification of conformity to the requirements of fire safety is carried out according to the schemes of mandatory conformity requirements for fire safety (hereinafter – the scheme), each of which is a complete set of operations and the conditions for their implementation.Schemes may include one or more operations, the results of which are needed to confirm the conformity of production.

2 Verification of conformity to the requirements hereof is held under the following schemes:

1) for serial production:

a) declaration of conformity of the applicant on the basis of their own evidence (Scheme 1e);

b) declaration of conformity the manufacturer (seller) based on their own evidence, and sample testing of products in an accredited testing laboratory (Scheme 2d);

c) the declaration of conformity the manufacturer (seller) based on their own evidence, sample testing of products by accredited testing laboratories and certification of the quality system in relation to the production of products (Scheme 3d);

d) certification of products based on the analysis of the production and testing of a typical sample of the product by an accredited test laboratory (Scheme 2c);

d) certification of products based on sample testing of products in an accredited testing laboratory, followed by inspection control (Scheme 3c);

e) certification of products based on the analysis of the production and testing of a standard sample products by accredited testing laboratory, followed by inspection control (Scheme 4c);

g) the certification of products based on sample testing of products by accredited testing laboratories and certification of the quality system, followed by an inspection control (Scheme 5c);

2) for a limited batch of products:

a) declaration of the manufacturer (seller) based on their own evidence, testing by an accredited testing laboratory samples from a representative sample of a lot of products (Scheme 5d);

b) certification of a lot of products on the basis of a representative sample of test samples from that batch in an accredited testing laboratory (Scheme 6c);

c) certification of units based on a unit of production tests in an accredited testing laboratory (Scheme 7c).

3 A representative sample of specimens for testing to confirm product compliance with fire safety is determined in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

4 Scheme 1d and 5d are used to confirm product compliance with the fire safety of substances and materials, with the exception of:

1), building materials;

2) finishing materials for railway rolling stock and underground;

3) flame retardants and fire extinguishing agents.

5 Scheme 2D and 3D applied at the choice of the manufacturer (seller) to verify compliance with fire safety requirements:

1) gas fire extinguishing compositions, except nitrogen, argon, carbon dioxide content of the basic substance listed in the gas more than 95 percent;

2) The primary means of fire, with the exception of fire extinguishers;

3) fire tools;

4) fire-fighting equipment, with the exception of fire barrels, foam generators and penosmesiteley;

5) building materials are not used for finishing evacuation routes directly to the outside or to a safe area;

6) textile and leather materials used for the manufacture of blinds, curtains, bedding, upholstered furniture items;

7) special protective clothing;

8) carpet;

9) channels of engineering systems, smoke protection.

6 Scheme 3d is used for confirmation of compliance of mobile fire fighting equipment fire safety requirements.

7 Scheme 2c, 3c, 4c, 5c and 6c are applied at the choice of the applicant to demonstrate compliance with fire safety requirements:

1) portable and mobile fire extinguishers;

2) fire barrels, foam generators, penosmesiteley;

3) PPE in case of fire;

4) means of escape in case of fire;

5) equipment and products for the rescue people in case of fire;

6) additional equipment fire;

7) powder extinguishing agents, blowing agents for extinguishing fires;

8) means automatic fire fighting;

9) devices protect electrical circuits;

10) of building materials used for finishing evacuation routes directly to the outside or to a safe area;

11) finishing materials for railway rolling stock and underground;

12) means of fire protection;

13) fire-resistant building structures, including their fillings in fire barriers, cable penetrations, cable ducts, channels and pipes made of polymer materials for cables, cable glands;

14) engineering equipment smoke protection systems, with the exception of channels of engineering systems;

15) Landing doors;

16) Fire resistance and explosion-proof equipment, including electrical cables;

17) elements of automatic fire extinguishers.

8 Scheme 3c is applicable only if the certification previously certified products after the expiry of the certificate.

9 Scheme 7c used to confirm product compliance with fire safety in case there is no possibility of a representative sample of samples for testing.

10 At the request of the applicant’s proof of product compliance with fire safety by the declaration can be replaced by the mandatory certification.

11 of the declaration of conformity with fire safety requirements established for a period not exceeding 5 years.

12 Declaration of conformity of products with the requirements of fire safety is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

13 If the federal laws of the relevant technical regulations envisaged certification scheme for a specific product, different from the schemes established by the present Federal Law, proof of product compliance with fire safety is carried out according to the scheme, which provides the most complete control and objectivity of research, testing and measurement, including Rules for sampling.

Article 147 Procedure for Certification

1 Certification of products is carried out by bodies accredited in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, and the additional requirements set out in Article 148 hereof.

2 Certification includes:

1) supply the manufacturer (seller) application for certification and consideration of submissions by an accredited certification body;

2) adoption of an accredited certification body decision on the application for certification, stating its scheme;

3) an assessment of product compliance with fire safety;

4) the issuance of an accredited certification body of a certificate or a reasoned refusal to issue a certificate;

5) Implementation of accredited certification body surveillance of certified products, if it is provided by the certification scheme;

6) Implementation of the manufacturer (seller) corrective actions in identifying non-compliance with fire safety products and incorrect use of the mark of the market.

3 The procedure for conformity assessment of products with the requirements hereof includes:

1) the selection and identification of product samples;

2) evaluation of production or the quality system certification (production), if it is provided by the certification scheme;

3) testing of product samples to an accredited testing laboratory;

4) examination of the documents submitted by the manufacturer (seller) (including technical documentation, documentation of quality, opinions, certificates and test reports) in order to determine whether the recognition of product compliance with fire safety;

5) analysis of the results and a decision on the possibility of issuing a certificate.

4 The applicant may apply to the application for certification in any accredited certification body, has the right to conduct such operations.

5 The application for certification is made by the applicant in Russian, and must contain:

1) The name and address of the applicant;

2) the name and address of the manufacturer (seller);

3) information about products and identifying its attributes (name, code for National Classification of products or code of imported products in accordance with the Commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity, used in the Russian Federation), the technical description of the product, the instructions for its use (operation) and other technical documentation describing the product, as well as the declared amount (mass production, batch or unit of production);

4) an indication of the regulations on fire safety;

5) a certification scheme;

6) the obligation of the applicant on the implementation of the rules and conditions of certification.

6 Authorized body performing certification within 30 days from the date of filing of the application for certification sends the applicant a positive or negative decision on his application.

7 A negative decision on the application for certification shall contain a reasoned refusal to conduct certification.

8 A positive decision on the application for certification must include the basic conditions of certification, including information on:

1) on the certification scheme;

2) of the regulations under which the certification is product compliance with fire safety;

3) an organization that will analyze the state of production, if it is provided by the certification scheme;

4) on the procedure for the selection of product samples;

5) Procedures for testing of product samples;

6) on the procedure for evaluating the stability of the conditions of production;

7) how to measure product compliance with fire safety;

8) the need to provide additional documents confirming the safety of the product.

9 Verification of conformity to the requirements of this federal law includes, if it is provided by the certification scheme:

1) selection of test samples and test specimens;

2) identification of the product;

3) testing of production samples to an accredited testing laboratory;

4) evaluate the stability of the conditions of production;

5) an analysis of the documents.

10 Sampling of products (test samples and test specimens) carried out in accordance with the requirements established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

11 is allowed to be used as a control product samples subjected to certification tests, if their identification signs and indicators as verified during certification, remained unchanged.

12 samples of products selected for testing and as a control, to be in design, composition and manufacturing techniques are identical products supplied to the consumer (customer).

13 The applicant (manufacturer, seller) applied to the sample documents confirming the acceptance of products by the manufacturer (seller) and its regulatory compliance, which produced products (or copies thereof), as well as the necessary technical documents, the specifics of which are given in the decision of an accredited certification body on the application for certification.

14 After sampling must be taken to protect against substitution patterns or errors in their identification.

15 control samples shall be retained for the period of validity of the certificate.

16 The identification was carried out as in the selection of the samples and the test products to certify that the submitted samples really relate to the certified products.

17 Identification consists in comparing the main characteristics of the samples of products specified in the application for certification of products and technical (supporting) documentation on it, and the marked characteristics of the sample, packaging (containers), and in the accompanying documents.

18. party certification of products is further checked against the actual amount of its claimed amount.

19 The results of the identification in the tests are recorded in the test report (test report).

20 tests for certification are carried out by order of the accredited certification body.

21 Tests conducted testing laboratories to be accredited for conducting work.

22 In the absence of a test laboratory accredited for technical competence and independence, or its large distance, complicating transportation of samples, increasing the cost of the tests and the extension of the time frame permitted testing for certification testing laboratories accredited only for technical competence, independent of manufacturer or user of the certified products. These tests are conducted under the supervision of representatives of accredited certification body. Objectivity of these tests, along with the testing laboratory provides accredited certification body, instructing them to conduct the testing laboratory.

23 According to the results of tests testing laboratories style test reports and transmit them to the accredited certification body. Copies of test reports shall be kept in the test laboratory for life (life) certified products, but not less than 3 years after the expiration of licenses issued on the basis of their certificates or decisions not to issue certificates.

24 test report (test report) must contain the following information:

1) identification of the test report (test report), a serial number and the numbering of each page of the protocol, as well as the total number of pages;

2) data on the test of the test;

3) information on the accredited certification body, charged with carrying out the test;

4) identification information provided on product testing, including the manufacturing of products;

5) the basis for the test;

6) A description of the program and methods of test or reference to the standard test methods;

7) information on the sampling;

8) the test conditions;

9) information about the used test equipment and test equipment;

10) verifiable indicators and requirements, information on regulations containing such requirements;

11) The actual values ​​of the samples tested, including the interim, according to the required evaluation criteria and indicating the estimated or actual measurement error;

12) information on the tests carried out by another testing laboratory;

13) the date of issue of the test report (test report).

25 test report (test report) must be signed by all persons responsible for their conduct, approved by management accredited certification body and sealed by the testing laboratory. To the test report (test report) is attached act of sampling with all annexes.

26 test report (test report) should include the necessary amount of information available to obtain similar results in the case of re-testing. If the result of any test is a qualitative assessment of conformity with the requirement in the test (test report) provides information on the basis of which the result is obtained.

27 are not allowed corrections and changes in the text of the test report (test report) after its release.

28 should not be placed in the test (test report) overall ratings, recommendations and advice on remedial or improvement of the tested products.

29 test report (test report) applies only to the samples tested.

30 Analysis of the production is carried out in order to establish the necessary conditions for the manufacture of products with stable performance, with verifiable certification.

31 Evaluation of the stability conditions of production must be carried out not earlier than 12 months before the date of issue of the certificate on the basis of the analysis of the production (scheme 2c and 4c) or certification of production or production quality system (Scheme 5c).

32 The basis for the analysis of the production decision is an accredited certification body. Accredited certification body may entrust the check the status of the production organization with a staff of experts in the certification of the product or expert certification of quality systems and production. In this case, issued a written instruction informed accredited certification body.

33 In analyzing the state of production must be checked:

1) processes;

2) technical documentation;

3) the means of technological equipment;

4) technological regimes;

5) management of technological equipment;

6) management of metrology equipment;

7) Testing and measurement techniques;

8) Procedures for the control of raw materials and components;

9) the procedure for production control in the process of its manufacture;

10) Control of nonconforming product;

11) procedure for handling complaints.

34 The deficiencies identified during the audit, are classified as essential or non-essential non-compliance.

35 Significant discrepancies are:

1) lack of regulatory and technical documentation for the products;

2) lack of description of the operations indicating the means of technological equipment, points of order and control;

3) the lack of the necessary means of technical equipment and tools for monitoring and testing;

4) the use of controls and tests that have not been metrological control in the prescribed manner and in a timely manner;

5) The lack of documented control procedures to ensure the stability of the product characteristics, or their failure.

36 The presence of significant discrepancies indicates a poor state of production.

37 In the presence of one or more material inconsistencies organization must conduct corrective action within the time agreed with the accredited certification body.

38 Minor remarks should be removed not later than the date of the next inspection control.

39 The audit shall be drawn up on the results of the analysis of the production of certified products. The act shall contain:

1) The results of the audit;

2) additional materials used in the analysis of the state of production of certified products;

3) an overall assessment of the state of production;

4) The need for and timing of the corrective action.

40 Act on the results of the analysis of the production of certified products stored by an accredited certification body, and a copy sent to the applicant (manufacturer, seller).

41 Decision on the confidentiality of information obtained during the inspection, the inspecting organization.

42 Accredited certification body takes into account the results of the analysis of the production, along with the test report (test report) when deciding on the possibilities and conditions for issuing the certificate.

43 Accredited certification body after an analysis of the test report (test report), the results of the analysis of the production (if it is established by the certification scheme), and other documents of compliance with fire safety products is preparing a decision on granting (refusal to issue) certificate.

44 On the basis of the decision to issue the certificate of compliance with fire safety requirements accredited certification body draws up a certificate, registers it in a single register in the prescribed manner and shall provide the applicant (manufacturer, seller). The certificate is valid only if the serial number.

45 In case of negative results of the evaluation of the Product Conformity accredited certification body shall issue a decision to refuse to issue a certificate stating the reasons.

46 Certificate of conformity to the requirements hereof shall be in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

47 Certificate of conformity with fire safety requirements may have an application that contains a list of specific kinds and types of products for which it is applied.

48 For serial production, the validity of certificate of compliance with fire safety requirements set for the scheme:

1) 2c – not more than one year;

2) 3c – not more than 3 years;

3) 4c and 5c, – not more than 5 years.

49. products produced singly or in batches (circuit 6c and 7c), the validity of an issued certificate of conformity with fire safety requirements set until the expiration date (service) of these products, for which the manufacturer in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation is committed to providing consumers the opportunity to use of the product for its intended purpose. After this period the product can no longer satisfy the requirements for fire safety. If such a period is not installed by the manufacturer, the validity of the certificate is 1 year.

50 For the products sold by the manufacturer during the period of validity of the certificate on the serial products (serial production), the certificate is valid after delivery, the sale until the expiration date (the service), during which the manufacturer in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation is committed to providing consumers the opportunity to use of the product for its intended purpose. If the term of the manufacturer is not established, then this product certificate is valid for 1 year after the date of its expiration. During the same terms and valid certificate for the shipment of goods.

51 Upon expiration of the certificate serial products certified under schemes 4c and 5c, the validity of the certificate for the same products can be extended by the accredited certification body, conducted the previous certification, based on the positive results of the inspection control of the product and protocol test (test report) carried out taking into account the previous trials on an abbreviated program. For the renewal of the certificate of conformity shall send to the applicant an accredited certification body request to extend the period of validity of the certificate of conformity containing the statement that since the inspection control changes in the formulation and manufacturing process of the certified product, affecting its security, contributed. To request must be accompanied by the original previously issued certificate of conformity.

52 When you make changes to the design (composition) of products or the technology of its production, the manufacturer shall notify the accredited certification body that issued the certificate. Accredited certification body decides on the distribution of the certificate on the upgraded product or the need for further tests or additional assessment of the production of these products.

53 Inspection control of the certified products carry the accredited certification bodies, holds her certification, if necessary with the assistance of representatives of the testing laboratory performing the tests. Inspection control is carried out in the form of periodic and unscheduled inspections, provides information on certified products in the form of test results and analysis of the production, on the observance of the rules and conditions of the certificate and the mark of market in order to confirm that the products for the duration of the certificate continues comply with fire safety requirements.

54 Inspection control of certified products is carried out at the term of the certificate is more than 1 year:

1) no more than once during the period of the certificate issued for up to 2 years inclusive;

2) at least two times during the term of the certificate issued for a period of 2 to 4 years inclusive;

3) at least three times over the period of validity of the certificate issued for more than 4 years.

55 The criteria for determining the frequency and scope of surveillance to the degree of the potential dangers of products, the results of the certification of products, production stability, the volume of production, the availability of certified quality system of production and cost of surveillance.

56 The volume, frequency, content and procedure of inspection control established in the decision-accredited certification body to issue a certificate.

57 Unscheduled inspection control is carried out in the event of information about the claims to the safety of products from consumers, trade organizations, as well as the bodies exercising public or state control over the quality of the products to which the certificate was issued.

Inspection control 58 usually includes:

1) analysis of materials certification of products;

2) analysis of the incoming information about certified products;

3) verification of compliance documents for certified products to the requirements hereof;

4) the selection and identification of samples, testing samples and the analysis of the results;

5) check the state of production, if it is provided by the certification scheme;

6) analysis of the results and the decisions taken on the results of monitoring;

7) Verification of corrective measures to eliminate the previously identified non-compliances;

8) checking the sign labeling of products on the market;

9) Analysis of claims for certified products.

59 The content, scope and application of the tests during the inspection control determines the accredited certification body for the inspection.

60 As the test results confirming the conformity of production shall be allowed the use of the protocols of periodic tests conducted or organized by the manufacturer, as well as tests conducted or organized by the manufacturer in the presence of the accredited certification body for the program developed by him and subject to the conditions necessary for ensure the reliability of results.

61 In the case of negative results when tested by the manufacturer or organized in the presence of an accredited certification body, should be held re-testing of samples re-accredited testing laboratory. Results of repeated tests are final and apply to all certified products.

62 Inspection Test products certified in accordance with the scheme of Sc, conducted by accredited testing laboratories.

63 unscheduled inspection of the production is carried out in the presence of information about violations of this Federal Law.

64 The results of the inspection control executed act of inspection control.

65 The act of inspection control, it is concluded based on regulation requirements hereof, the stability of their performance and the possibility of maintaining the issued certificate or suspension (of withdrawal) of the certificate.

66 In carrying out corrective actions accredited certification body:

1) suspend the certificate of conformity to the requirements hereof;

2) inform the authorities in the prescribed manner of state control (supervision) the suspension or termination of the certificate of compliance with the requirements hereof;

3) establishes a deadline for the manufacturer (seller) of corrective actions;

4) monitors the implementation of the manufacturer (seller) corrective action.

67 Once the corrective actions implemented and their results are satisfactory, the accredited certification body renews the certificate.

68 In case of default by the manufacturer (vendor) or corrective action in case of inefficiency accredited certification body terminates the certificate and provides the holder of the certificate decision on cancellation of the certificate.

69 Reasons to consider the termination of the certificate may be:

1) a change in the structure (composition) and completeness of the product;

2) changes in the organization and (or) production technology;

3) change (default) technology requirements, methods of inspection and testing, quality assurance systems;

4) reports of public authorities or associations of consumers on product nonconformity controlled with certification;

5) material inquiries on fires, the results of inspections conducted by the state fire inspection and other oversight bodies;

6) the negative results of surveillance of certified products;

7) refusal of or failure to provide the possibility of surveillance of certified products in the terms established by an accredited certification body;

8) the reorganization of the legal entity, including transformation (change of the legal form).

70 If by the corrective actions agreed with accredited certification body, the manufacturer (seller) can eliminate the root cause discovered products to the requirements of this Federal Law and to confirm the removal of this non-compliance without re-testing by accredited testing laboratory, the certificate is suspended. If the manufacturer (seller) can not eliminate the causes of non-compliance of products with the requirements hereof, the certificate ceases. The certificate is removed from a single registry, the manufacturer (seller) must return the certificate to the accredited certification body that issued the certificate.

71 If an accredited certification body shall decide on the suspension of the certificate, he points out in the decision of the identified deficiencies and sets deadlines for their elimination.

72 Termination and withdrawal of the certificate are issued decision accredited certification body.

73 The decision of the suspension or the termination of the certificate given against receipt or sent by mail to the manufacturer (seller) for 7 days.

74 Resubmission of the product certification is carried out in a general manner.

Article 148 Additional requirements to be considered for accreditation of certification bodies, testing laboratories (centers)

1 The organization claims to be accredited as a testing laboratory, provides certification, must be equipped with its own equipment, measuring instruments, and supplies (chemicals or other substances) for proper testing. Test equipment, measuring instruments must meet the requirements established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the measurement technique must meet the regulatory requirements for test methods.

Using a testing laboratory test equipment and measuring instruments, not belonging to this test laboratory is permitted if:

1) use expensive equipment or equipment which has no widespread or requiring regular skilled care;

2) equipment testing laboratory used irregularly. The scope of work performed by such equipment shall not exceed 10 per cent of the work carried out during the year;

3) own equipment testing laboratory during testing temporarily malfunctioning or is under passage through the certification or inspection.

2 The equipment must be taken into account in the relevant documents the laboratory in accordance with the rules of accreditation, and the laboratory must have written consent of the owner of the equipment (rental agreement, a cooperation agreement and other documents) to provide it to the test at the right time, as well as providing its suitability for the purpose and the ability to control his condition.

3 equipment and measuring instruments that do not belong testing laboratory may be used only under the condition that such equipment is certified and tested means of measurements in the prescribed manner.

4 The organization, which claims to be accredited as a certification body for compliance with the requirements hereof, may be accredited if a part of this organization has an accredited laboratory with a similar scope of accreditation.

Article 149 Features conformity substances and materials requirements for fire safety

Demonstration of compliance with substances and materials requirements hereof is held by their declaration of conformity or mandatory certification with mandatory application of the test report indicating the values ​​of the indicators established by the present Federal Law, the documents proving the conformity of substances and materials.

Article 150 Features acknowledgment of conformity of fire protection

1 Confirmation of the means of fire protection is in the form of certification.

2 For the certification applicant shall submit to an accredited certification body accompanying documents, which should be given the basic parameters, scope and manner of use of fire protection.

3 Test reports testing laboratories shall contain the values ​​of indicators characterizing the flame retardant effectiveness of fire protection, including various options for their use as described in the accompanying documents.

4 The certificate in the “Name”, provided a blank certificate should contain the following special features means of fire protection:

1) the name means fire protection;

2) the value of fireproof efficiency set for testing;

3) the types, brands, thickness of the layers of ground, weather-resistant decorative or coatings used in combination with the data means of fire protection when the certification tests;

4) the thickness of the fire-retardant coating means of fire protection for the installed fire-resistance rating.

5 Marking means of fire protection to be applied by manufacturers for the products may contain only the information that confirmed upon certification.

 

Section VIII. Final Provisions

 

Chapter 34 Final Provisions

 

Article 151 Final Provisions

1 From the date of entry into force of this Federal Law, before the coming into force of the relevant technical regulations, the requirements to protected objects (products), production, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal (decommissioning), established by normative legal acts of the Russian Federation and regulations of the federal bodies of executive power shall be enforceable to the extent not inconsistent with the requirements hereof.

2 Prior to the coming into force of the relevant technical regulations scheme declaration of compliance with fire safety requirements of products based on their own evidence used for the production of general purpose only manufacturers or legal persons performing the functions of the foreign manufacturer.

3 Accreditation documents issued in accordance with established procedure bodies operating certification, testing laboratories (centers) to the date of entry into force of this Federal Law, as well as documents confirming the compliance of products with the fire safety requirements adopted before the entry into force of this Federal Law considered valid until the expiry of the period in which.

Article 152 Entry into force of this Federal Law

This Federal Law shall enter into force on the expiry of nine months from the date of its official publication.

 

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev

 

The Kremlin, Moscow

July 22, 2008

N 123-FZ

 

Appendix

to the Federal Law
“Technical regulations for
fire safety requirements “

Table 1

List of indicators necessary to assess fire hazard of substances and materials, depending on their state of aggregation

Fire danger

Substances and materials in a different state of aggregation

Dust

gaseous

liquid

solid

Maximum experimental safe gap millimeter

+

+

-

+

Release of toxic combustion products from a unit mass of fuel, kilogram per kilogram

+

+

-

Flammability group

-

-

+

-

Flammability

+

+

+

+

Group of flame propagation

-

-

+

-

Coefficient of smoke, a square meter per kilogram

-

+

+

-

Emissivity of the flame

+

+

+

+

Index pozharovzryvoopasnosti, pascal per meter per second

-

-

-

+

Flame Spread Index

-

-

+

-

Oxygen index, volume percent

-

-

+

-

Flammability limits (ignition) in gases and vapors, volume percent, dusts, kilogram per cubic meter

+

+

-

+

Concentration limit of diffusion combustion of gaseous mixtures in air, volume percent

+

+

-

-

Critical surface heat flux, watts per square meter

-

+

+

-

The linear velocity of propagation of the flame, meters per second

-

-

+

-

The maximum speed of propagation of the flame along the surface of a flammable liquid, meters per second

-

+

-

-

Maximum explosion pressure, Pa

+

+

-

+

Minimum phlegmatizing gas concentration phlegmatizer volume percent

+

+

-

+

The minimum ignition energy, the joule

+

+

-

+

Minimum oxygen content of the explosive, volumetric percentages

+

+

-

+

Lowest Operating calorific value, kilojoule per kilogram

+

+

+

-

Normal flame propagation velocity, meters per second

+

+

-

-

Toxicity index of the products of combustion, grams per cubic meter

+

+

+

+

The oxygen consumption per unit weight of fuel kilogram per kilogram

-

+

+

-

Speed ​​limit disruption of the diffusion flame meter per second

+

+

-

-

Rate of pressure rise explosion megapascals per second

+

+

-

+

The ability to burn in contact with water, oxygen, air and other substances

+

+

+

+

The ability to ignite the adiabatic compression

+

+

-

-

The ability to spontaneous combustion

-

-

+

+

Ability to exothermic decomposition

+

+

+

+

Ignition temperature, degrees Celsius

-

+

+

+

Flashpoint degree Celsius

-

+

-

-

Auto-ignition temperature, degrees Celsius

+

+

+

+

Temperature decay, degrees Celsius

-

-

+

+

Temperature limits of flame propagation (ignition), degrees Celsius

-

 +

-

-

The mass burning rate, pounds per second per square meter

-

+

+

-

Calorific value, joule per kilogram

+

+

+

+

 

Notes:

1 “+” sign indicates that the indicator should be used.

2 “-” sign indicates that the index is not applicable.

Table 2

Classification of combustible materials meaningfully indicator toxicity of combustion products

Hazard Class

Toxicity index of the products of combustion, depending on the time of exposure

5 minutes

15 minutes

30 minutes

60 minutes

Low hazard

more than 210

more than 150

more than 120

90

Moderately hazardous

more than 70 but not more than 210

more than 50 but not more than 150

more than 40 but not more than 120

more than 30 but not more than 90

Highly dangerous

more than 25 but not more than 70

more than 17 but not more than 50

more than 13 but not more than 40

more than 10 but not more than 30

Extremely hazardous

not exceeding 25

not more than 17

not exceeding 13

less than 10

Table 3

Classes of fire hazard of building materials

Fire hazard properties of building materials

Fire hazard class of construction materials, depending on the groups

KM0

KM1

KM2

KM3

KM4

Km5

Flammability

NG

G1

G1

T2

T2

T4

Ignition characteristics, combustibleness

-

B1

B1

B2

B2

B3

surface spread of flame

-

D1

D3 +

D3

D3

D3

Toxicity of the products of combustion

-

T1

T2

T2

T3

T4

Surface Spread of Flame for flooring

-

WP1

WP1

WP1

WP2

WP4

 

Note.

A “+” indicates that the material is allowed to assign class KM2 with a coefficient of smoke. **

Table 4

Degree of protection Flameproof electrical equipment against solid foreign objects

The first digit

Brief description of the degree of protection

0

no protection

1

protected against solid foreign objects with a diameter of 50 millimeters or more

2

protected against solid foreign objects with a diameter of 12.5 mm and a

3

protected against solid foreign objects with a diameter of 2.5 mm or more

4

protected from external hard objects and a diameter of 1 mm

5

pylezaschischeno; protected against the ingress of dust in an amount that disrupt the normal operation of the equipment and reduces its security

6

Dust-tight; protected against the ingress of dust

Table 5

Degree of protection Flameproof electrical equipment against the ingress of water

The second digit

Brief description of the degree of protection

0

no protection

1

protected against vertically falling water drops

2

protected against vertically falling water drops when the shell is deflected through an angle less than 15 degrees

3

protected against water falling as rain at an angle of 60 degrees

4

protected against splashing water from any direction

5

protected from the water spray nozzle with an inner diameter of 6.3 millimeters

b

protected from the water spray nozzle with an inner diameter of 12.5 millimeters

7

protected against the effect of immersion in water no more than 30 minutes

8

protected from the effects of immersion in water for more than 30 minutes

Table 6

Procedure for determining the class of fire hazard of building structures

Fire hazard class structures

Permissible size of structural damage, centimeters

Availability

Allowable characteristics of fire damage to material +

thermal effect

combustion

Group

vertical

horizontal

Flammability

Flammability

smoke-forming ability

K0

0

0

no

no

no

no

no

K1

less than 40

not exceeding 25

not regulated

no

no higher than T2 +

no higher than B2 +

no higher than D2 +

K2

more than 40 but not more than 80

more than 25 but not more than 50

not regulated

no

no higher than T3 +

no higher than B3 +

no higher than D2 +

K3

not regulated

 

Note.

A “+” indicates that in the absence of the thermal effect is not regulated.

Table 7

Water flow from the water supply system on the external fire fighting in settlements

The number of inhabitants in a settlement of thousands of people

Estimated number of simultaneous fires

Water flow for fire fighting outside a settlement on one fire, liters per second

Construction of the building height no more than 2 levels, regardless of their degree of fire resistance

Building height of 3 buildings and floors, regardless of their degree of fire resistance

Not more than 1

1

5

10

Bolee 1 but no greater than 5

1

10

10

More than 5 but not more than 10

1

10

15

More than 10 but not more than 25

2

10

15

More than 25 but not more than 50

2

20

25

More than 50 but not more than 100

2

25

35

More than 100 but not more than 200

3

not standardized

40

More than 200 but not more than 300

3

not standardized

55

More than 300 but not more than 400

3

not standardized

70

More than 400 but not more than 500

3

not standardized

80

More than 500 but not more than 600

3

not standardized

85

More than 600 but not more than 700

3

not standardized

90

More than 700 but not more than 800

3

not standardized

95

More than 800 but not more than 1000

3

not standardized

100

More than 1000

5

not standardized

110

Table 8

Water flow for fire fighting outside of residential and public buildings

Name of Building

Water flow for fire fighting outside of residential and public buildings, regardless of their degree of fire resistance for one fire, liters per second, with a volume of buildings, thousands of cubic meters

no more than one thousand cubic meters

more than one thousand, but not more than 5000 cubic meters

more than 5,000 but not more than 25 thousand cubic meters

more than 25,000 but not more than 50 thousand cubic meters

more than 50,000 but not more than 150,000 cubic meters

Residential buildings single-section and multi-section with the number of floors:
less than 2

10

10

-

-

-

more than 2 but not more than 12

10

15

15

20

-

more than 12 but not more than 16

-

-

20

25

-

more than 16 but not more than 25

-

-

-

25

30

Public buildings with the number of floors:
less than 2

10

10

15

-

-

more than 2 but not more than b

10

15

20

25

30

more than 6 but less than 12

-

-

25

30

35

more than 12 but not more than 16

-

-

-

30

35

Table 9

Water consumption for external fire fighting production facilities and warehouse buildings

The degree of fire resistance of buildings

Category premises on fire and explosion hazard and fire hazard

Water flow for fire fighting outside of industrial buildings with lanterns and lights without a width not exceeding 60 meters on one fire, liters per second, with a volume of buildings, thousands of cubic meters

not more than 3 million cubic meters

more than 3 million, but not more than 5000 cubic meters

more than 5000 but not more than 20 thousand cubic meters

more than 20,000 but not more than 50 thousand cubic meters

more than 50,000 but not more than 200,000 cubic meters

more than 200,000 but less than 400,000 cubic meters

more than 400 million, but not more than 600 thousand cubic meters

I and II

D, E

10

10

10

10

15

20

25

I and II

A, B, C

10

10

15

20

30

35

-

III

D, E

10

10

15

25

35

-

-

III

In

10

15

20

30

40

-

-

IV and V

D, E

10

15

20

30

-

-

-

IV and V

In

15

20

25

40

-

-

-

TABLE 10

Water consumption for external fire fighting production facilities and warehouse buildings

The degree of fire resistance of buildings

Category premises Explosion and fire hazard

Water flow for fire fighting outside of industrial buildings without lights width of 60 meters or more in the one fire, liters per second, with a volume of buildings, thousands of cubic meters

not more than 50 thousand cubic meters

more than 50,000 but not more than 100,000 cubic meters

more than 100,000 but less than 200,000 cubic meters

more than 200 million, but not more than 300,000 cubic meters

more than 300 million, but not more than 400,000 cubic meters

more than 400,000 but less than 500,000 cubic meters

more than 500,000 but less than 600,000 cubic meters

more than 600 million, but not more than 700,000 cubic meters

more than 700,000 but less than 800,000 cubic meters

I and II

A, B, C

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

I and II

D, E

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

TABLE 11

Fire safety distance between the buildings and structures, depending on the degree of fire resistance and structural class of fire hazard

The fire resistance of the building

Class of structural fire hazard

Minimum distance for the fire resistance and structural fire danger class of buildings and structures, meters

I, II, III C0

II, III, IV C1

IV, V C2, C3

I, II, III

C0

b

8

10

II, III, IV

C1

8

10

12

IV, V

C2, C3

10

12

15

TABLE 12

Fire safety distance from buildings, structures and buildings in the warehouses of oil and petroleum products to neighboring facilities to protect them

Name objects bordering with buildings with structures and buildings with warehouses of oil and petroleum products

Fire safety distance from buildings and structures warehouses of oil and petroleum products to neighboring objects in their categories warehouse, meters

I

II

III and

III b

III to

Buildings, structures and buildings adjacent to them production facilities

100

40 (100)

40

40

30

Woodlands:
coniferous and mixed breeds

100

50

50

50

50

hardwood

100

100

50

50

50

Warehouses of timber, peat, fibrous combustible materials, hay, straw and bedding areas open peat

100

100

50

50

50

Railways total network (up to the sole of the mound or edge recesses)
stations

150

100

80

60

50

on traveling and platforms

80

70

60

50

40

on stages

60

50

40

40

30

Highways total network (edge ​​of the carriageway)
I, II and III of the categories

75

50

45

45

45

IV and V categories

40

30

20

20

15

Residential and public buildings

200

100 (200)

100

100

100

Dispensers filling stations public

50

30

30

30

30

Individual garages and outdoor parking facilities

100

40 (100)

40

40

40

Sewage treatment plant and pumping stations that do not belong to a warehouse

100

100

40

40

40

Water filling facilities not related to the storage

200

150

100

75

75

Emergency Capacity (emergency capacity) to the tank farm

60

40

40

40

40

Process units A and B categories explosion and fire hazard and flares for burning gas

100

100

100

100

100

 

Note. Figures in parentheses are values ​​for warehouses category II with a total capacity of more than 50 000 cubic meters.

TABLE 13

Fire safety distance from buildings and structures to the warehouses of flammable liquids

Storage capacity, cubic meters

Fire safety distance when the fire resistance of buildings and structures, meters

I, II

III

IV, V

Not more than 100

20

25

30

More than 100 but not more than 800

30

35

40

More than 800 but less than 2000

40

45

50

Table 14

Categories warehouses for storage of oil and oil products

Category warehouse

The maximum amount of a single tank, cubic meters

Total warehouse capacity, cubic meters

I

-

over 100,000

II

-

more than 20,000 but not more than 100,000

IIIa

not more than 5000

10 000 but not more than 20 000

IIIb

not more than 2000

more than 2,000 but not more than 10000

IIIc

to 700

not more than 2000

Table 15

Fire safety distance from gas stations gasoline and diesel fuel to neighboring objects with them

The names of the objects, which are determined to fire distance

Fire safety distance from. gas stations with underground tanks, meters

Fire safety distance from gas stations with terrestrial reservoirs, meters

a total capacity of more than 20 cubic meters

of not more than 20 cubic meters

Manufacturing, warehouse and administrative and service buildings, structures and building industry organizations

15

25

25

Woodlands:
coniferous and mixed breeds

25

40

30

hardwood

10

15

12

Residential and public buildings

25

50

40

Crowded places

25

50

50

Individual garages and outdoor parking facilities

18

30

20

Kiosks

20

25

25

Highways total network (edge ​​of the carriageway)
I, II and III of the categories

12

20

15

IV and V categories

9

12

9

Electrified urban transport routes (to the contact network)

15

20

20

Railways total network (up to the sole of the mound or edge recesses)

25

30

30

Sewage treatment plant and pumping stations that do not belong to the gas station

15

30

25

Technological installations categories AN, BN, GN, buildings and structures to the presence of radioactive and hazardous substances I and II classes of danger

-

100

-

Warehouses of timber, peat, fibrous combustible materials, hay, straw and bedding areas open peat

20

40

30

Table 16

Fire safety distance from places of organized storage and maintenance of vehicles

The buildings, which are defined to fire distance

Fire safety distance to the neighboring buildings, meters

from collective garages and organized public parking at the number of cars

from service stations car with the number of posts

10 or less

11-50

51-100

101-300

10 or less

11 -30

Public buildings

10 (12)

10 (12)

15

25

15

20

Land boundaries of educational institutions and preschools

15

25

25

50

50

50

Land boundaries hospitals stationary type

25

50

50

50

50

50

 

Note. Figures in parentheses are values ​​for garages III and IV degrees of fire resistance.

Table 17

Fire safety distance from the tank on the stock with a total capacity of up to 10 000 cubic meters in storage under pressure or 40,000 cubic meters in storage isothermal method to buildings and structures of objects not related to the storage

Name of buildings, structures and buildings

Fire-distance meters

Reservoirs ground under pressure, including poluizotermicheskie

Reservoirs underground pressure

Reservoirs ground-based isothermal

Reservoirs underground isothermal

Tramways and trolley lines, railroads, total network (or to the foot of the mound edge recesses)

100

75

100

75

Highways total network (edge ​​of the carriageway)

50

50

50

50

Power lines (overhead) of high voltage (from the sole bund)

height of not less than 1.5 support

height of not less than 1.5 support

height of not less than 1.5 support

height of not less than 1.5 support

Border areas related organizations (to the fence)

300

250

300

200

Residential and public buildings

outside of the sanitary protection zone, but not less than 500

outside of the sanitary protection zone, but not less than 300

outside of the sanitary protection zone, but not less than 500

outside of the sanitary protection zone, but not less than 300

CHP

200

200

200

200

Warehouses timber and solid fuel

200

150

200

150

Woodlands softwood (from fencing of the area of ​​the organization or warehouse)

100

75

100

75

Woodlands hardwood (from fencing of the area of ​​the organization or warehouse)

20

20

20

20

Internal surface and underground process piping, non-warehouse

outside the dike, but no closer than 20

at least 15

outside the dike, but no closer than 20

at least 15

Buildings, structures and organization structure in an industrial zone with the volume of tanks, cubic meters:
2000 – 5000

150

120

150

100

6000 – 10000

250

200

200

125

Flare (up trunk flare)

150

100

150

200

Buildings, structures and buildings in the area adjacent to the territory of the organization (administrative area)

250

200

250

200

Table 18

Fire safety distance from the warehouses of liquefied petroleum gas with a total capacity of 10 000 to 20 000 cubic meters in storage under pressure or from 40 000 to 60 000 cubic meters in storage isothermal method in surface reservoirs or from 40 000 to 100 000 cubic meters in storage isothermal method in underground reservoirs that make up the Commodity base, to civil and industrial facilities

Name of buildings, structures and buildings

Fire-distance meters

Reservoirs ground pressure

Reservoirs underground pressure

Reservoirs ground-based isothermal

Reservoirs underground isothermal

Tramways and trolley lines, access tracks (up to the sole of the mound or edge recesses) and roads shared network (edge ​​of the carriageway)

100

50

100

50

Power lines (overhead)

height of not less than 1.5 support

height of not less than 1.5 support

height of not less than 1.5 support

height of not less than 1.5 support

Buildings, structures and buildings of industrial, warehouse, utility area Mercantile database or warehouse

300

250

300

200

Buildings, structures and buildings Predzavodskoy (administrative) area organization

500

300

5.00

300

Flare (up trunk flare)

200

100

200

100

Border areas related organizations (to the fence)

300

200

300

200

Residential and public buildings

outside of the sanitary protection zone, but not less than 500

outside of the sanitary protection zone, but not less than 300

outside of the sanitary protection zone, but not less than 500

outside of the sanitary protection zone, but not less than 300

CHP

300

200

300

200

Woodlands softwood (from the fence Commodity database or warehouse)

100

75

100

75

Woodlands hardwood (from the fence Commodity database or warehouse)

20

20

20

20

What’s river and sea transport, waterworks, bridges at the location of warehouses downstream of these objects

300

200

300

200

What’s river and sea transport, waterworks, bridges at the location of warehouses upstream of these objects

3000

2000

3000

2000

Table 19

Fire safety distance from the reservoir units of liquefied petroleum gas to the objects to be protected

Buildings, structures and communication

Fire safety distance from the tanks, meters

Fire safety distance from the flash or group balloon installation, meters

aboveground

groundwater

with a total storage capacity to install, cubic meters

No more than 5

more than 5 but not more than 10

more than 10 but not more than 20

less than 10

more than 10 but not more than 20

more than 20 but not more than 50

Public buildings, structures and buildings

40

50 +

60 +

15

20

30

25

Residential buildings

20

30 +

40 +

10

15

20 |

12

Children’s playgrounds, garages (from the reservoir fence installation)

20

25

30

10

10

10

10

Industrial buildings (industrial, agricultural organizations and consumer services of industrial character)

15

20

25

8

10

15

12

Sewerage, heating main (underground)

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

Aboveground structures and communication (overpass, heating duct), non-reservoir installation

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

Plumbing and other ductless communication

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

Wells of underground utilities

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

Railways total network (up to the sole of the mound or edge of the recess from the tanks)

25

30

40

20

25

30

20

Driveways railways industry organizations, the tram tracks (to the axis of the path), roads I – III categories (to the edge of the carriageway)

20

20

20

10

10

10

10

Highways IV and V categories (to the edge of the carriageway) organizations

10

10

10

5

5

5

5

 

Note. ”+” sign denotes the distance from the reservoir setting organizations to buildings and structures that are not serviced installation.

Table 20

Fire safety distance from the reservoir units of liquefied petroleum gas to the objects to be protected

Buildings, structures and communication

Fire safety distance from the tanks of liquefied petroleum gas meters

Fire safety distance from the premises, installations that use liquefied petroleum gas meters

Fire safety distance from the storage tanks with a total capacity, meters

aboveground

groundwater

with a total capacity of cubic meters

more than 20 but not more than 50

more than 50 but not more than 200

more than 50 but not more than 500

More than 200 but not more than 8000

more than 50 but not more than 200

more than 50 but not more than 500

More than 200 but not more than 8000

Maximum capacity of one tank, cubic meters

not exceeding 25

25

50

100

More than 100 but not more than 600

25

50

100

More than 100 but not more than 600

less than 20

more than 20

Residential, public buildings

70

80

150

200

300

40

75

100

150

50

50

100

Administrative, household, industrial buildings, buildings, boiler room, garage and outdoor parking

70 (30)

80 (50)

150 (110) +

200

300

40 (25)

75 (55) +

100

150

50

50 (20)

100 (30)

Aboveground structures and communication (overpass, heating duct), outbuildings residential buildings

30 (15)

30 (20)

40 (30)

40 (30)

40 (30)

20 (15)

25 (15)

25 (15)

25 (15)

30

20 (15)

20 (20)

Railways common network (from the base of the mound), roads I – III categories

50

75

100-

100

100

50

75th

75

75

50

50

50

Access roads railways, roads organization, tramways, roads IV and V categories

30 (20)

30 (20)

40 (30)

40 (30)

40 (30)

20 (15) -

25-(15) -

25 (15)

25 (15)

30

20 (20)

20 (20)

 

Notes:

1 In parentheses are the distances from the tanks of liquefied petroleum gas and warehouses filled cylinders located on the territories of organizations to their buildings and structures.

2 “-” sign indicates that allowed to reduce the distance from the tank filling stations with a total capacity of not more than 200 cubic meters per overground performance of up to 70 meters underground – up to 35 meters, and at a capacity not exceeding 300 cubic meters – respectively to 90 and 45 meters.

3 “+” sign indicates that allowed to reduce the distance from the railways and roads to tanks of liquefied petroleum gas with a total capacity of not more than 200 cubic meters per overground performance of up to 75 meters and in the underground performance of up to 50 meters.Distance from the access, tramways, extending outside the organization, to tanks of liquefied petroleum gas with a total capacity of not more than 100 cubic meters is permitted to reduce: in overground performance of up to 20 meters and in the underground performance of up to 15 meters, and the passage ways and roads in the territory of the organization these distances are reduced to 10 meters underground tanks performance.

Table 21

Compliance with the fire resistance and fire resistance of structures of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments

The fire resistance of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments

Limit of fire resistance of building structures

Bearing walls, columns and other supporting elements

Exterior curtain walls

Intercommunication overlap (including the attic and above the basement)

Building construction of built-up coating

Building construction of staircases

decks (including insulation)

girders, beams, purlins

the inner walls

flights and landings of stairs

I

R 120

£ 30

REI 60

RE 30

R 30

REI 120

R 60

II

R 90

£ 15

REI 45

RE 15

R 15

REI 90

R 60

III

R 45

£ 15

REI 45

RE 15

R 15

REI 60

R 45

IV

R 15

£ 15

REI 15

RE 15

R 15

REI 45

R 15

V

not standardized

not standardized

not standardized

not standardized

not standardized

not standardized

not standardized

 

Note. Procedure for inclusion of structures to the bearing elements of the building constructions and structures established by the normative documents on fire safety.

Table 22

Match-class structural fire hazard and fire hazard class structures of buildings, structures, buildings and fire compartments

Class of structural fire hazard buildings

Fire hazard class constructions

Bearing core elements (columns, beams, trusses)

The outer wall on the outer side

Walls, partitions, floors, and built-up cover

The walls of staircases and fire barriers

Flights and landings of stairs in the stairwells

C0

K0

K0

K0

K0

K0

C1

K1

K2

K1

K0

K0

C2

K3

K3

K2

K1

K1

C3

not standardized

not standardized

not standardized

K1

K3

Table 23

Fire resistance of fire barriers

Name of fire barriers

Type of fire barriers

Fire-resistance rating of fire barriers

Type of fill openings in fire barriers

Type of air locks

Walls

1

REI 150

1

1

2

REI 45

2

2

Partitions

1

EI 45

2

1

2

EI 15

3

2

Translucent walls with glazed area of ​​more than 25 percent

1

EIW 45

2

1

2

EIW 15

3

2

Overlap

1

REI 150

1

1

2

REI 60

2

1

3

REI 45

2

1

4

REI 15

3

2

Table 24

Fire resistance fill openings in fire barriers

Name infill openings in fire barriers

Type of fill openings in fire barriers

Fire-resistance rating

Doors (except for doors with glass for more than 25 percent and dymogazonepronitsaemyh doors), gates, hatches, valves, curtains and screens

1

EI 60

2

EI 30

3

EI 15

Doors with glass for more than 25 percent

1

EIW 60

2

EIW 30

3

EIW 15

Dymogazonepronitsaemye doors (except for doors with glass for more than 25 percent)

1

EIS 60

2

EIS 30

3

EIS 15

Dymogazonepronitsaemye door with glazed over 25 percent, curtains and screens

1

EIWS 60

2

EIWS 30

3

EIWS 15

Landing doors

2

EI 30 (in buildings with no more than 28 meters of fire-resistance-door elevator shafts taken £ 30)

Window

1

E 60

2

£ 30

3

£ 15

Drapery

1

EI 60

Table 25

Requirements for elements of air locks

Type of air locks

Types of elements air locks

Partitions

Overlap

Filling openings

1

1

3

2

2

2

4

3

Table 26

Norms equipment multifunction integrated fire fighting equipment

Name of primary fire extinguishing equipment, personal protective equipment in case of fire, non-mechanized tools

Norms equipment

Fire hydrant (fire hydrant valve with fire connection head, pressure fire hose, manual fire barrel)

1

Portable fire extinguishers

1-2

Automatic cable-descender

1

Self-rescuers

2-3

Special fire-resistant cushion

2-3

First aid kit

1

Non-motorized fire tools

1 set

Table 27

List of indicators necessary to assess fire hazard of building materials

Purpose of building materials

The list of required parameters depending on the purpose of building materials

flammability group

group of flame propagation

flammability group

Party on smoke-forming ability

Party on the toxicity of combustion products

Finishing and facing materials for walls and ceilings, including coverage of paints, enamels, lacquers

+

-

+

+

+

Materials for flooring

+

+

+

+

+

Rugs Floor

-

+

+

+

+

Roofing materials

+

+

+

-

-

Waterproofing and vapor-insulating materials of a thickness exceeding 0.2 mm

+

-

+

-

-

Thermal insulation materials

+

+

+

+

 

Notes:

1 “+” sign indicates that the indicator should be used.

2 “-” sign indicates that the index is not applicable.

3 In the application of waterproofing materials for the surface layer of the roof indicators of fire risk should be determined by the position of “Roofing”.

Table 28

Scope of decorative finishing, coating and flooring on the escape routes

Class (subclass) functional fire hazard buildings

Floors and height of the building

Fire hazard class material, no more than the specified

for walls and ceilings

for flooring

Lobbies, staircases, lift lobbies

Common hallways, lounges, lobbies

Lobbies, staircases, lift lobbies

Common hallways, lounges, lobbies

F1.2; F1.3; F2.3; F2.4; F3.1;F3.2; F3.b; F4.2; F4.3; F4.4;F5.1, F5.2; F5.3

not more than 9 or no more floors 28 meters

KM2

KM3

KM3

KM4

9 more but not more than 17 floors or more than 28 but not more than 50 m

KM1

KM2

KM2

KM3

more than 17 floors or more than 50 meters

KM0

KM1

KM1

KM2

F1.1; F2.1; 1F2.2; F3.3; F3.4;F3.5; F4.1

is depending on the height and the height

KM0

KM1

KM1

KM2

Table 29

Scope of decorative finishing, coating and flooring in the nasal areas

Class (subclass) functional fire hazard buildings

Capacity of hall space, person

Class material is not more than the specified

for walls and ceilings

for flooring

F1.2; F2.3; F2.4; F3.1; F3.2; F3.b; F4.2; F4.3; F4.4;F5.1

more than 800

KM0

KM2

More than 300 but not more than 800

KM1

KM2

more than 50 but not more than 300

KM2

KM3

not exceeding 50

KM3

KM4

F1.1; F2.1; F2.2; F3.3; F3.4; F3.5; F4.1

300

KM0

KM2

more than 15 but not more than 300

KM1

KM2

less than 15

KM3

KM4

Table 30

List of indicators necessary to assess fire hazard of textile and leather materials and valuation requirements

Fire danger

Functionality

Draperies and curtains

Bedding

Elements of upholstered furniture (including leather)

Special protective clothing

Rugs

Flammability

+

+

+

+

+

Resistance to heat flow

-

-

-

+

-

Heat shielding effectiveness when exposed to flame

-

-

-

+

-

Spread of Flame

-

-

+

-

+

Toxicity index of the products of combustion

+

-

+

-

+

Coefficient of smoke

+

-

+

-

+

 

Notes:

1 “+” sign indicates that the indicator should be used.

2 “-” sign indicates that the index is not applicable.